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History of Arda


Valian Years

Shaping of Arda
Years of the Lamps
Years of the Trees
Before the First Age
First Age part 1

Years of the Sun

First Age part 2
Second Age
Third Age
Fourth Age
Timeline of Arda

The Years of the Trees were the second of the three great time periods in Arda that followed the Years of the Lamps and preceded the Years of the Sun. They were known to be comprised of several Ages and lasted in total around 1500 Valian Years or 14,373 solar years. The final third of the Years of the Trees marked the start of the First Age of Arda when the Children of Ilúvatar became active in Middle-earth.


The Two Trees of Valinor during the Years of the Trees

Shortly after the destruction of the Two Lamps, Yavanna made the Two Trees, named Telperion and Laurelin in the land of Aman, where the Valar now lived. The Trees illuminated Aman, leaving Middle-earth in darkness, save the light of the stars.

The Elves awoke in Cuiviénen in the middle of Middle-earth, and were soon approached by Oromë of the Valar and by Melkor. Many, though not all, of the Elves were persuaded to go with Oromë on the Great Journey westwards towards Aman. Along the journey several groups of Elves tarried, notably the Nandor and the Sindar. The three clans that arrived at Aman were the Vanyar, Ñoldor, and the Teleri.

The Valar had captured Melkor and placed him in chains in Aman. After he appeared to repent and was released, he sowed great discord among the Elves, and stirred up rivalry between the Ñoldorin King Finwë's two sons Fëanor and Fingolfin. With the help of Ungoliant, he slew Finwë and stole the Silmarils, three gems crafted by Feänor that contained light of the Two Trees, from his vault, and destroyed the Trees of the Valar themselves.

Bitter at the Valar's inactivity, Feänor and his house left to pursue Melkor, cursing him with the name 'Morgoth'. A larger host, following Fingolfin, followed. They reached the Teleri's port-city, Alqualondë, and were forbidden to use the Teleri's boats to get to Middle-earth. The first Kinslaying thus ensued. A curse was then put on the exiled Ñoldor by Mandos.

Feänor's host sailed on the boats, leaving Fingolfin's behind — who crossed over to Middle-earth on the Helcaraxë in the far north, losing many.


Year Events
1 Yavanna creates the Two Trees of Valinor on Ezellohar in Valinor, to give new light to Arda. With Telperion's first blooming the new count of time begins.

Over the many centuries Melkor sleeps in Utumno, and Oromë hunts throughout Middle-earth. Melkor raises the Misty Mountains to hinder his efforts.

1000 The Valar hold council, for Yavanna and Oromë report that Melkor might rise once more in power.

They discuss the Children of Ilúvatar.

Varda begins to fashion new Stars, and organize them and those already wrought into constellations, over the next fifty years.

1050 Varda forms the Valacirca.

The first 144 Elves (Minyar, Tatyar and Nelyar) awake in Cuiviénen. Thus the First Age of the Children of Ilúvatar begins.

Melian travels to Beleriand after ascending Taniquetil to see the stars.

1080 The first Orcs are bred by Melkor, for his spies discovered the awakened Elves, afflicting them with horror.
1085 Oromë discovers the Elves, and calls them Eldar. The Eldar are afraid of Oromë, and blame him for Melkor's work.
1086 Oromë rides back to Valinor and brings message to the Valar. Oromë returns to Middle-earth to stay with the Elves.
1090 Manwë resolves to make a great war upon Melkor.

Over the next two years Melkor is defeated by the Valar and flees into Utumno.

1092 The Valar partially destroy Angband and begin the long Siege of Utumno.
1099 The Siege of Utumno ends. Tulkas captures Melkor and chains him with Angainor.
1100 Utumnno is completely destroyed. Sauron evades his master's downfall and hides in Angband.

Melkor is brought back to Valinor and imprisoned in Halls of Mandos for three ages. The Chaining of Melkor begins.

1101 The Valar summon the Elves through Oromë.
1102 The Elves refuse to leave Middle-earth.

Ingwë, Finwë and Elwë go to Valinor as ambassadors.

1104 Ambassadors return to Cuiviénen and invite the Elves to return with them to Valinor.
1105 The first Sundering of the Elves: the Vanyar under Ingwë, Ñoldor under Finwë, and Teleri under Elwë, depart for Valinor. The Avari, under Morwë and Nurwë, stay in Cuiviénen.
1115 Second Sundering of the Elves: The host pass Greenwood the Great and come to the River Anduin. Some Lindar wish to stay there. Terrified by the Hithaeglir, a part of them go south led by Lenwë.
1125 The Vanyar and Ñoldor arrive in Beleriand.
1128 The host of the Teleri arrive in Beleriand.
1130 Elwë is lost in Nan Elmoth and finds Melian the Maia.
1132 Ulmo brings a mobile island (Tol Eressëa, and the Vanyar and Ñoldor are ferried to Valinor on it.

The Teleri seek for the lost Elwë.

Olwë leads the Teleri and meets Ossë and Uinen.

1133 The Vanyar and Ñoldor arrive in Aman.

The Elves begin the building of Tirion on the hill Túna inside the Calacirya pass.

1140 Tirion is completed.

The Vanyar travel into Valinor, taking up abode on the slopes of Taniquetil.

1142 Yavanna gives the tree Galathilion to the Ñoldor.
1149 Finwë urges Ulmo to bring the Teleri to Aman.

Ossë persuades the Teleri to stay with him and teaches them shipcraft.

Some Teleri stay in Beleriand and establish the havens Brithombar and Eglarest. Círdan becomes their lord.

1150 The kinsfolk of Elwë are left behind, calling themselves "Eglath", the Forsaken People.

Olwë and the most part of the Teleri leave Beleriand.

1151 Olwë and his people are called the Falmari upon arrival in Aman on Tol Eressëa.
1152 Elwë wakes from his trance and dwells with Melian in the forests of Beleriand. He is later called Elu Thingol and rules over his remaining Teleri kin, the Sindar.
1161 The construction of the Falmari's Alqualondë begins with the help of Finwë and the Ñoldor.
1165 The last of the Vanyar leave Tirion.

The Ñoldor strengthen their friendship with the Falmari.

1169 Fëanor, son of Finwë and Míriel is born.

The Ñoldor are taught smithing by Aulë, delighting in jewels and other labours.

1170 Birth of Fëanor, death of Míriel.
1172 Doom of Manwë concerning the espousals of the Eldar.[1]
1185 Finwë weds Indis.
1190 Fingolfin, second son of Finwë born.
1200 Second Age of Chaining of Melkor

Lúthien born in Neldoreth.[2]

1230 Finarfin, third son of Finwë born.
1250 Fëanor devises new letters, called Tengwar.

The Dwarves meet the Sindar in Beleriand.

1280 Finarfin weds Eärwen daughter of Olwë.
1300 Turgon son of Fingolfin is born.

Finrod son of Finarfin is born.

Daeron contrives his Runes.[2]

1320 Orcs first appear in Beleriand.[2] Dwarves make weapons for the Sindar.
1350 Denethor and the Nandor befriend Thingol and the Sindar.
1362 Galadriel is born.

Aredhel is born in Tirion.[2]

1400 Melkor sues for pardon and is released from prison in the Halls of Mandos.
1410 Melkor dwells in Valmar and befriends the Ñoldor.
1449 Fëanor begins the making of the Silmarils.
1450 The Silmarils are made and Varda hallows them.
1469 Idril daughter of Turgon is born.
1450 to 1490 Melkor spreads lies among the Ñoldor.
1490 The Valar summon Fëanor who threatens Fingolfin with his sword. They exile him to Formenos and Finwë follows.
1492 Melkor appears before the doors of Fëanor and is rejected. He departs Formenos and meets Ungoliant.
1495 Ungoliant destroys the Two Trees of Valinor.

Melkor slays Finwë in Formenos and steals the Silmarils.

Fëanor rebels against the Valar and arrives in Alqualondë, demanding the swanships of the Teleri.

The Flight of the Ñoldor begins.

1496 Mandos appears before the Ñoldor and delivers the Doom of Mandos.

Finarfin and some of the Vanyar repent and head back to Valinor. His children, however, continue to follow Fëanor.

1497 Girdle of Melian set in Doriath.

The betrayal of Fingolfin and his people by Fëanor in the Burning of the ships at Losgar.

Death of Amras son of Fëanor. (1 version only)

Dagor-nuin-Giliath is fought.

Fëanor is wounded by Gothmog and dies.

Maedhros meets with Melkor and is captured.

1498 Maedhros is chained on Thangorodrim.
1500 Creation of the Moon and Sun.

Fingolfin and his people cross the Helcaraxë and enter Beleriand.

Battle of the Lammoth and death of Argon son of Fingolfin.


Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Jare van die Bome
Albanian Vitet e Pemëve
Amharic ዛፎቹ ዓመታት
Arabic سنوات الأشجار
Armenian տարվա ծառերի
Azerbaijani Ağaclar İllər
Basque Zuhaitzen Aroak
Belarusian Cyrillic Гады дрэў
Bengali গাছ বছর
Bosnian Godina drveća
Bulgarian Cyrillic Години на дърветата
Catalan Anys dels Arbres
Cebuano Mga tuig sa mga Kahoy
Chinese 双树纪元
Croatian Godine drveća
Czech Roky stromů
Danish År af Træer
Dutch Jaren van de Bomen
Esperanto Jaroj de la Arboj
Estonian Puude aastad
Faroese Ár Træanna
Filipino Taon ng mga puno
Finnish Puiden vuodet
French Âge des Arbres
Frisian Jierren fan de Beammen
Galician Anos das Árbores
Georgian ხეების ხანა
German Jahre der Bäume
Greek Χρόνια των Δέντρων
Gujarati વૃક્ષો વર્ષ
Haitian Creole Ane de la Pyebwa
Hausa Shekaru na Bishiyoyi
Hebrew שנים של עצים
Hindi साल के पेड़ों के
Hmong Xyoo ntawm tus ntoo
Hungarian A Fák Évei
Icelandic Ár af trjánum
Indonesian Tahun pohon
Irish Gaelic Blianta de na Crainn
Italian Anni degli Alberi
Japanese 二本の木の時代
Javanese Taun saka wit
Kannada ಮರಗಳು ವರ್ಷಗಳ
Kazakh Ағаштардың дәуірі (Cyrillic) Ağaştardıñ däwiri (Latin)
Korean 나무의 해
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Дарактардын доору
Laotian ປີຂອງຕົ້ນໄມ້
Latin Annis de lignum
Latvian Gadu Koku
Lithuanian Metų medžių
Macedonian Cyrillic Години на Дрвја
Malaysian Tahun pokok-pokok
Maltese Snin tas-siġar
Mongolian Cyrillic Моддын жил
Norwegian År av trærne
Pashto د ونو د کاله
Persian دوران دو درخت
Polish Era Drzew
Portuguese Anos das árvores
Punjabi ਰੁੱਖ ਦੇ ਸਾਲ
Romanian Ani de copaci
Russian Эпоха Деревьев
Samoan Tausaga o le Laau
Scottish Gaelic Bliadhna de na Craobhan
Serbian Година дрвећа (Cyrillic) Godina od stabala (Latin)
Sesotho Lilemo tsa lifate
Sindhi هن وڻ جو سال
Sinhalese ගස් වසර
Slovak Roky stromov
Slovenian Let drevje
Spanish Edades de los Árboles
Sundanese Jaman tangkal
Swahili Miaka ya Miti
Swedish År av träden
Tahitian Te matahiti o te mau tumu raau
Tajik Cyrillic Сол дарахтон
Tamil மரங்கள் ஆண்டுகள்
Telugu చెట్లలో ఇయర్స్
Thai ยุคแห่งพฤกษา
Turkish Ağaçlar Çağı
Ukrainian Cyrillic роки дерев
Urdu درختوں کی سالانہ
Uzbek дарахтлар Йил (Cyrillic) daraxtlar Yil (Latin)
Vietnamese Năm của các cây
Welsh Blynyddoedd y Coed
Yoruba Ọdun ti awọn Igi
Yiddish יאָרן פון די ביימער


  1. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 10: Morgoth's Ring, The Later Quenta Silmarillion, The Second Phase, II: "The Earliest Version of the Story of Finwë and Míriel"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 "Commentary on the fourth section of the Annals of Aman"