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Location of the White Mountains in Middle-earth.

The White Mountains, or Ered Nimrais, were a mountain range in Middle-earth that lay east-to-west across the length of Gondor.

Description

The mountains were named after the glaciers of their highest peaks. The range lay mostly East-West, but also had a northern section, which was separated from the main line of the Misty Mountains by the Gap of Rohan. Even at the southern latitude of Gondor and Rohan, the White Mountains bore snow even in summer, suggesting they were extremely high. The range had no passes. The Paths of the Dead lay beneath it, but only the most courageous or foolhardy ever ventured that route. The White Mountains formed the northern boundary of Gondor and the southern boundary of Rohan except in their easternmost part, where Gondor's province of Anórien lay to the north of the mountains.

Because of their always bearing snow at their highest peaks, the White Mountains must have been at least 4800 meters (16'000 feet) above sea level, with occasional peaks probably in excess of 5500 meters. They were, however, not as high as the Misty Mountains.

Its notable peaks included Irensaga "Iron Saw" and Starkhorn. Between these two lay the Dwimorberg, entrance to the Paths of the Dead.

At the eastern end, the city of Minas Tirith was carved into the Hill of Guard beneath Mindolluin. The Warning beacons of Gondor were placed on foothills along the range: Amon Dîn, Eilenach, Nardol, Erelas, Min-Rimmon, Calenhad, and Halifirien.

Several rivers raised in the White Mountains, among them the Adorn (a tributary of Isen), and the Snowbourn and Mering Stream (tributaries of the Entwash); and, on the south side, the Erui (a tributary of Anduin), the Ringló and its tributary Ciril (which together with the Morthond all entered the Bay of Belfalas at Edhellond near Dol Amroth), the Lefnui of the Anfalas, and the Five Rivers of Lebennin.[1]

History

The natives to the White Mountains were Drúedain, who settled the region in the Second Age. The only remnant of their presence in these mountains were their statues, called the Púkel-men. Sometime thereafter, evil men related to the Dunlendings drove the Drúedain out. Some of these men swore allegiance to Isildur, but betrayed him when he required their help, and were cursed into the Army of the Dead.

Following the War of the Dwarves and Orcs some surviving Orcs fled south and attempted to settle in the White Mountains. Between TA 2800 and TA 2864 these Orcs plagued the parts of Gondor and Rohan near the mountains, killing King Walda, but they were finally hunted down and destroyed by his son Folca.

Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli followed the Paths of the Dead in year 3019 of the Third Age and convinced the Army of the Dead to fight for Gondor in the War of the Ring. After they did so, Aragorn released the Dead, for they had fulfilled their oath. After the War of the Ring, Dwarves settled in the Glittering Caves.[2]

Etymology

Ered Nimrais is a Sindarin name: Ered ('mountains') and Nimrais ('white peaks').

Translations

Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Wit Berge
Albanian Malet e bardha
Amharic ነጭ ተራሮች
Armenian Սպիտակ լեռները
Arabic جبال وايت
Azerbaijani Ağ Dağlar
Basque Mendi Zuriak
Belarusian Cyrillic Уайт-Маўнтынс
Bengali হোয়াইট পর্বতমালা
Bosnian Bijelom gorju
Bulgarian Cyrillic Бялата Планини
Catalan Muntanyes Blanques
Cebuano Mga bukid nga puti
Chinese (Hong Kong) 白色山脈 A.K.A. 伊瑞德尼姆拉斯
Croatian Bijele planine
Czech Bílé Hory
Danish De Hvide Bjerge
Dutch Witte Bergen
Esperanto Blanka montaro
Estonian Valged Mäed
Filipino Mga puting bundok
Finnish Valkoiset Vuoret
French Montagnes Blanches
Galician Montañas Brancas
Georgian თეთრი მთები
German Weißes Gebirge
Greek Λευκά Όρη
Gujarati સફેદ પર્વતો
Hebrew הרים לבנים
Hindi सफेद पहाड़ों
Hungarian Fehérszarv-hegység, Fehérhegység
Icelandic Hvítar Fjöll
Indonesian Pegunungan Putih
Italian Monti Bianchi
Irish Gaelic Bán Sléibhte
Japanese ホワイト山地
Javanese Gunung Putih
Kannada ಬಿಳಿ ಪರ್ವತಗಳು
Kazakh Ақ таулар (Cyrillic) Aq tawlar (Latin)
Korean 화이트 산맥
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Ак тоолор
Laotian ພູເຂົາສີຂາວ
Latin Candidi Montes
Latvian Baltajiem Kalniem
Lithuanian Baltieji Kalnai
Luxembourgish Wäiss Bierger
Macedonian Cyrillic Белата Планина
Malaysian Pergunungan Putih
Maltese Muntanji Abjad
Marathi पांढरा पर्वत ?
Mongolian Cyrillic Цагаан уулс
Nepalese सेतो पहाडहरू
Norwegian Hvit Fjell
Persian کوه‌های سپید
Polish Góry Białe
Portuguese Montanhas Brancas
Punjabi ਚਿੱਟੇ ਪਹਾੜ
Romansh Pizza Alv
Romanian Munții Albi
Russian Белые горы
Samoan Papae Mauga
Scottish Gaelic Beanntan geala
Serbian Беле планине (Cyrillic) Bele planine (Latin)
Sindhi اڇا جبلن جي
Sinhalese සුදු කඳුකරය
Slovak Biele Hory
Slovenian Bela Gora
Somalian Buuraha cad
Spanish Montañas Blancas
Sundanese Bodas Pagunungan
Swahili Milima nyeupe
Swedish Vita bergen
Tajik Cyrillic кӯҳҳои сафед
Tamil வெள்ளை மலைகள்
Tatar Ак таулар
Telugu వైట్ పర్వతాలు
Thai เทือกเขาขาว
Turkish Ak Dağlar
Turkmen Ak Daglar
Ukrainian Cyrillic білі гори
Urdu وائٹ پہاڑوں
Uzbek Оқ тоғлар (Cyrillic) Oq tog'lar (Latin)
Vietnamese Trắng ngọn nú
Welsh Mynyddoedd Gwyn
Xhosa Iintaba Ezimhlophe
Yiddish ווייסע בערג
Yoruba Awọn oke-nla funfun
Zulu Izintaba ezimhlophe


Mountain Ranges of Arda

Ash Mountains | Echoriath | Ephel Dúath | Ered Gorgoroth | Blue Mountains | Ered Lómin | Grey Mountains | Ered Wethrin | Iron Hills | Iron Mountains | Misty Mountains | Mountains of Angmar | Mountains of Mirkwood | Mountains of Mithrim | Orocarni | Pelóri | Wall of the Sun | White Mountains | Yellow Mountains



References

  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Regional Maps, "The White Mountains"
  2. The Lord of the Rings, The Return of the King, Book Five, Chapter II: "The Passing of the Gray Company"
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