During the time of the Lamps, before the First Age, Melkor first dug the great Pits of Utumno deep beneath the mountains of the North. The fortress was constructed here in the Iron Mountains (over one thousand miles from the later location of Angband) where the light of the lamps did not reach.
Here Melkor gathered to him all the evil powers of the World. Creatures were also bred here such as trolls, "made in mockery of the Ents" as stated by Treebeard. Cruel spirits, phantoms, wraiths, and evil demons stalked the halls of Utumno and haunted the surrounding forests.
From Utumno, Melkor poisoned and interfered with all the Valar's work done during the Spring of Arda. Soon afterwards, Melkor and his servants waged his war and struck down the lamps, ruining the world, and forcing the Valar to move further west to the continent of Aman.
Utumno endured for millennia well into the early years of the Elves at Cuiviénen during the Years of the Trees. Taking advantage of the new arrivals, Melkor captured some of them and thus, the hideous race of Orcs was bred. Knowing that Melkor would continue to be a blight upon the world, the Valar decided to protect the Elves by ending his power in the north. Amidst the sounding of the trumpets, the Valar came out of the west, and after the Battle of the Powers Utumno was besieged and destroyed in VY 1099, and Melkor was chained for about three thousand years.
Earlier versions of the legendarium
Also, its location had once been north of the Iron Mountains rather than within them.
|Foreign Language||Translated name|
|Chinese (Hong Kong)||烏塔莫|
|Kazakh||Ұтұмно (Cyrillic) Utumno (Latin)|
|Serbian||Утумно (Cyrillic) Utumno (Latin)|
|Uzbek||Утумно Cyrillic) Utumno (Latin)|
Forests & Mountains:
The rest of Arda:
- The Atlas of Middle-earth, The First Age, The Elder Days, "Introduction"
- The History of Middle-earth, Vol. X: Morgoth's Ring, The Annals of Aman
- The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter I: "Of the Beginning of Days"
- The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter III: "Of the Coming of the Elves and the Captivity of Melkor"
- The Complete Guide to Middle-earth
- The History of Middle-earth, Vol. I: The Book of Lost Tales Part One, chapter X: "Gilfanon's Tale: The Coming of the Mankind"
- The History of Middle-earth, Vol. I: The Book of Lost Tales Part One, chapter III: "The Coming of the Valar and the Building of Valinor"
- The History of Middle-earth, Vol. IV: The Shaping of Middle-earth, IV: "The First Silmarillion Map"