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This article is about the King of Gondolin. For the Ruling Steward of Gondor, see Turgon of Gondor.

Turgon was a Ñoldorin Elf of Gondolin, second son of Fingolfin, brother of Fingon, Aredhel, Argon, and father of Idril. In Middle-earth, Turgon was the King of Gondolin and the High King of the Ñoldor. For centuries of the late First Age, Turgon remained successfully hidden from Morgoth until a betrayal by Maeglin, one of his subjects, caused its downfall.


Turukano and Elenwe by Filat

Turgon with his wife Elenwë before her death, by Marya Filatova

In Eldamar, Turgon was friendly with the sons of Finarfin and opposed Fëanor's plan to pursue Morgoth after the theft of the Silmarils, but eventually he chose to follow them to Middle-earth and became one of the exiles. His wife Elenwë was lost crossing the Helcaraxë,[2] but Turgon and his daughter Idril came to Nevrast, where he built Vinyamar and gathered to him one-third of the Ñoldor of Fingolfin and a large number of Sindar.[3]

In the year 50 of the First Age, Turgon was instructed by Ulmo to prepare a secret kingdom and was shown the hidden Vale of Tumladen in the Encircling Mountains. After 52 years of secret labor, Turgon led his people into Gondolin, where he ruled for over 500 years, largely ignoring the events of the Wars of Beleriand.[4][5]

About two hundred years after Gondolin was wrought, Turgon's sister Aredhel journeyed to meet with the Sons of Fëanor. She was lost, however, and returned with her son Maeglin a few years later. After the deaths of both Eöl and Aredhel, Turgon took Maeglin under his wing and made him the Lord of the House of the Mole. Maeglin secretly loved Turgon's daughter Idril, who rejected his advances.[6]

Aside from the misadventure of Eöl, the splendor of Turgon's reign in Gondolin was undisturbed until the Dagor Bragollach, when Turgon was brought his father's body by Thorondor. Two years later Thorondor brought him Húrin and Huor, whom he fostered for a year and then allowed to return to Dor-lómin. At this time, Turgon foresaw the doom of the Ñoldor, and he secretly sent mariners to try to obtain the mercy of the Valar.[7] None of these missions was successful and only one of the mariners, Voronwë, survived the Shadowy Seas paving the way for Tuor's coming to Gondolin.[8]

CastleOfTurgon N Chacin

Turgon's citadel in Gondolin, by Nicolas Chacin

Turgon joined the Union of Maedhros with an army ten thousand strong and fought alongside his brother Fingon in the Nírnaeth Arnoediad, but the sacrifice of Húrin, Huor, and the Third House of the Edain enabled him to retreat without revealing the location of Gondolin.[9] When Tuor came to Gondolin in FA 496, Turgon welcomed him, but in his pride, he refused to follow the advice of Ulmo to flee to the Havens of Sirion. The full malice of Morgoth was now directed toward Turgon, the last of the House of Finwë to control a realm in Middle-earth. At last, aided by the treachery of Maeglin, Morgoth discovered the location of Gondolin, and Turgon was slain defending the city.[10]


The first element tur of the name Turgon is a Sindarin word for "power, mastery".[11] His father-name was Turukáno, from túrë ("might, power") and káno ("commander").[12]


As King of Gondolin, Turgon was described to be robed "in white with a belt of gold, and a coronet of garnets was upon his head".[13]

He was very much feared by Morgoth, and it is said in Valinor that Morgoth knew that from the House of Turgon would his ruin come. This holds true, as Turgon's grandson Eärendil was the one who indirectly caused his downfall, in the later War of Wrath.

Turgon was the city's only ruler, and as such the title, King of Gondolin, did not pass onto another and remained limited only to him, ending with his death in the Fall of Gondolin.[14]

House of Fingolfin[]

The Heraldic Device of the House of Fingolfin
The Heraldic Device of Idril Celebrindal



Brave Heart - Children of Fingolfin
The Children of Fingolfin, by Brave Heart
Helcaraxe by Filat
Turgon mourns the loss of his wife in the Helcaraxë, by Filat
Turgon, Idril and Maeglin
Turgon with Idril and Maeglin


Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ጡርጎን
Arabic تورغون (Turgon)

تورغون الحكيم (Turgon, the Wise)

Armenian Տուրգոն
Assamese টাৰ্গন
Belarusian Cyrillic Тургон
Bengali তুরগণ
Bulgarian Cyrillic Тургон
Chinese (Hong Kong) 特剛
Georgian ტურგონი
Greek Τούργκον
Gujarati તુર્ગન
Hebrew טורגון
Hindi तुर्गों
Japanese トゥアゴン
Kannada ತುರ್ಗಾನ್
Kazakh Тұргон (Cyrillic) Turgon (Latin)
Korean 투르곤
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Тургон
Macedonian Cyrillic Тургон
Malayalam ടർഗൺ
Marathi टुर्गोन
Mongolian Cyrillic Тургон
Nepalese टुर्गोन
Pashto طورګون
Persian تورگون
Punjabi ਟੁਰਗਨ
Russian Тургон
Sanskrit टुर्गोन्
Serbian Тургон (Cyrillic) Turgon (Latin)
Sindhi ترگن
Sinhalese ටුර්ගොන්
Tajik Cyrillic Тургон
Tamil டுர்கொந்
Telugu తుర్గోన్
Thai ทัวร์กอน
Ukrainian Cyrillic Турґон
Urdu ٹورگاون
Uzbek Тургон (Cyrillic) Turgon (Latin)
Yiddish טורגאָן
King of Gondolin
Preceded by
Turgon Succeeded by
None, Kingdom destroyed and title abandoned
FA 104 - FA 510
High King of the Ñoldor
Preceded by
Turgon Succeeded by
FA 473 - FA 510


  1. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. X: Morgoth's Ring, The Annals of Aman
  2. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter IX: "Of the Flight of the Noldor
  3. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XIV: "Of Beleriand and its Realms"
  4. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XIII: "Of the Return of the Noldor"
  5. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XV: "Of the Noldor in Beleriand"
  6. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XVI: "Of Maeglin"
  7. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XVIII: "Of the Ruin of Beleriand and the Fall of Fingolfin"
  8. Unfinished Tales, Introduction, Part One, I: "Of Tuor and his Coming to Gondolin"
  9. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XX: "Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"
  10. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XXIII: "Of Tuor and the Fall of Gondolin"
  11. The Silmarillion, Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin names
  12. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. XII: The Peoples of Middle-earth, chapter 11: "The Shibboleth of Fëanor"
  13. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. II: The Book of Lost Tales Part Two, chapter 3: "The Fall of Gondolin"
  14. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion