|History of Arda|
|Timeline of Arda|
Before the creation of the Sun, few dates can be given, and the dates that are are given in Valinorean Years, which are about a decade in length.
Before the creation of Eä
- Eru Ilúvatar creates the Timeless Halls and the race of the Ainur.
- The Ainur make the Ainulindalë before Eru. This Music of the Ainur leads to the vision of Eä; Melkor tries to corrupt the theme, but ends up enriching it.
- Eru subsequently creates Arda, the material world, in Eä, with the Secret Fire at its center.
Shaping of Arda / Years of the Lamps
|VY 1||After the Ainulindalë the Ainur enter Eä.
|VY 1500||Tulkas enters Arda. Melkor runs from him and hides in the Outer Void.
The First War ends.
|VY 1900||The Valar settle at Almaren and create the Two Lamps, Illuin and Ormal.
The Spring of Arda begins: the first plants and forests grow, and animals are awakened.
|VY 3400||Manwë ordains a great feast, at which Tulkas weds Nessa
|VY 3450||Melkor overthrows the Two Lamps, and Almaren is destroyed.
|VY 3500||The Valar settle in Valinor in the West, raising the Pelóri, while Melkor rules Middle-earth.
Before the First Age
- YT 1: With Telperion's first blooming the new count of time begins.
- Over the many centuries Melkor sleeps in Utumno, and Oromë hunts throughout Middle-earth. Melkor raises the Misty Mountains to hinder his efforts.
- Aulë the Smith creates the Dwarves but is not allowed to awaken them; Yavanna thinks of the Ents in response.
- YT 1000: The Valar hold council, for Yavanna and Oromë report that Melkor might rise once more in power. They discuss the Children of Ilúvatar. Varda begins gathering light from the Trees of the Valar for the Great Stars, and organizing them and those already wrought into constellations, over the next fifty years.
First Age Part 1
|YT 1050||Varda creates the Great Stars, setting the Sickle of the Valar in the north as a challenge to Melkor.
|Fathers of the Dwarves and first Ents awakened by Eru.
Elves discover the Ents and begin teaching them language.
|YT 1080||Melkor discovers the Elves and begins capturing them in secret. He breeds the first Orcs, afflicting the Elves with horror.|
|Khazad-dûm founded by Durin the Deathless.|
|YT 1085||Oromë discovers the Elves, and calls them Eldar. The Eldar are afraid of Oromë, and blame him for Melkor's work.|
|YT 1086||Oromë rides back to Valinor and brings message to the Valar. Oromë returns to Middle-earth to stay with the Elves.|
|YT 1090||Manwë resolves to make a great war upon Melkor.
Over the next two years Melkor is defeated by the Valar and flees into Utumno.
|YT 1092||The Valar partially destroy Angband and begin the long Siege of Utumno.|
|YT 1099||The Siege of Utumno ends. Tulkas captures Melkor and chains him with Angainor.|
|YT 1100||Utumnno is completely destroyed. Sauron evades his master's downfall and hides in Angband, breeding Orcs and Trolls for Melkor.
|YT 1101||The Valar summon the Elves through Oromë.|
|YT 1102||The Elves refuse to leave Middle-earth.
|YT 1104||Ambassadors return to Cuiviénen and invite the Elves to return with them to Valinor.|
|YT 1105||The first Sundering of the Elves: the Vanyar under Ingwë, Ñoldor under Finwë, and Teleri under Elwë, depart for Valinor in the Great Journey. The Avari, under Morwë and Nurwë, stay in Cuiviénen.|
|YT 1115||Second Sundering of the Elves: The host pass Greenwood the Great and come to the River Anduin. Terrified by the Hithaeglir, a part of them go south led by Lenwë and become the Nandor.|
|YT 1125||The Vanyar and Ñoldor arrive in Beleriand.|
|YT 1128||The host of the Teleri arrive in Beleriand, tarrying in the great forests of Eriador.|
|YT 1130||Elwë is lost in Nan Elmoth. He finds Melian the Maia and is entranced.|
|YT 1132||Ulmo is unwilling to wait until Elwë is found. He brings a mobile island (Tol Eressëa), and the Vanyar and Ñoldor are ferried to Valinor on it.
The Teleri stay behind, looking for Elwë.
|YT 1133||The Vanyar and Ñoldor arrive in Aman.
|YT 1140||Tirion is completed.
The Vanyar travel into Valinor, taking up abode on the slopes of Taniquetil.
|YT 1142||Yavanna gives the tree Galathilion to the Ñoldor.|
|YT 1149||Ulmo returns to Middle-Earth to bring the Teleri to Aman.
Ossë persuades some of the Teleri to stay in Middle-Earth with him. They become the Elves of the Falas, and establish the havens Brithombar and Eglarest. Círdan becomes their lord, and Ossë teaches them shipcraft.
|YT 1150||Most of the Teleri leave Beleriand, taking Elwë's brother Olwë as their lord. They're ferried across on Tol Eressëa, which is anchored in the bay of Eldamar.
The kinsfolk and friends of Elwë stay behind, calling themselves "Eglath", the Forsaken People.
|YT 1151||Olwë and his people are called the Falmari upon arrival in Aman on Tol Eressëa.|
|Finwë marries Míriel.|
|YT 1152||Elwë wakes from his trance and dwells with Melian in the forests of Beleriand. He is later called Elu Thingol. He settles in Doriath and rules over his remaining Teleri kin, the Sindar.|
|Nogrod and Belegost founded by Dwarves.|
|YT 1161||The Falmari learn the art of shipbuilding, and ferry across the bay of Eldamar to Aman. They begin construction of the city of Alqualondë with the help of Finwë and the Ñoldor. Tol Eressëa is abandoned.|
|YT 1165||The last of the Vanyar leave Tirion and settle in Aman proper.
|YT 1169||Fëanor, son of Finwë and Míriel is born.
The Ñoldor are taught smithing by Aulë, delighting in jewels and other labours.
|YT 1170||Birth of Fëanor, death of Míriel.|
|YT 1172||Doom of Manwë concerning the espousals of the Eldar.|
|YT 1185||Finwë weds Indis.|
|YT 1190||Fingolfin, second son of Finwë born.|
|YT 1200||Second Age of Chaining of Melkor
|YT 1230||Finarfin, third son of Finwë born.|
|The Elves of the Falas join with the Sindar in an alliance.
|YT 1250||Fëanor devises new letters, called Tengwar.
|YT 1280||Finarfin weds Eärwen daughter of Olwë.|
|YT 1300||Turgon son of Fingolfin is born.
Finrod son of Finarfin is born.
|YT 1330||Orcs first appear in Beleriand. Dwarves make weapons for the Sindar.|
|YT 1350||The Nandor under Denethor arrive in Beleriand. They befriend Thingol and the Sindar, who allow them to dwell in Ossiriand, and they become known as the Laiquendi.|
|YT 1362||Galadriel is born.
|YT 1400||Melkor sues for pardon and is released from prison in the Halls of Mandos.|
|YT 1410||Melkor dwells in Valmar and befriends the Ñoldor.|
|YT 1449||Fëanor begins the making of the Silmarils.|
|YT 1450||The Silmarils are made and Varda hallows them.|
|YT 1469||Idril daughter of Turgon is born.|
|YT 1450 to 1490||Melkor spreads lies among the Ñoldor.|
|YT 1481||Gil-galad, the son of Orodreth and great-grandson of Finarfin, is born in Eldamar.|
|YT 1490||The Valar summon Fëanor who threatens Fingolfin with his sword. They banished him from Tirion. His father Finwë and many of the Ñoldor follow him in exile to Formenos.|
|YT 1492||Melkor appears before the doors of Fëanor and is rejected. He departs Formenos and joins forces with Ungoliant.|
|YT 1495||Manwë tries to heal the feud of the Ñoldor, and summons Fëanor to a festival in Valmar. Melkor and Ungoliant destroy the Two Trees, kill Finwë and steal the Silmarils. Fëanor first names Melkor Morgoth.
Fëanor rebels against the Valar. He and his sons swear an Oath to regain the Silmarils. The majority of the Ñoldor go to Alqualondë and demand the swanships of the Teleri. When the Teleri refuse, the Ñoldor kill many Teleri and seize their ships in the First Kinslaying.
The Flight of the Ñoldor begins.
|YT 1496||Mandos appears before the Ñoldor and delivers the Doom of Mandos. The Ñoldor are banished from Valinor, and the Valar hide Valinor behind the Enchanted Isles and raise the Pelóri mountains higher.
Finarfin and some of the Vanyar repent and head back to Valinor. His children, however, continue to follow Fëanor.
|Ungoliant confronts Morgoth in Lammoth and demands the Silmarils. Balrogs issue from Angband and drive her away. Ungoliant flees to Ered Gorgoroth.
|YT 1497||Girdle of Melian set in Doriath.
Death of Amras son of Fëanor. (1 version only)
Dagor-nuin-Giliath is fought.
Fëanor is wounded by Gothmog and dies.
Maedhros meets with Melkor and is captured.
|YT 1498||Maedhros is chained on Thangorodrim.|
|YT 1500||Creation of the Moon and Sun. The Moon arises.
From this time on years are of normal length. Events from Valinor during the Years of the Sun cannot be accurately dated.
First Age Part 2
— Approximately 590 years long
|YS 1||The Sun first sets sail.
|20||A festival is held among the Elven lords at the Mereth Aderthad.|
|50||Turgon and Finrod are told by Ulmo to establish refuges. These later become Gondolin and Nargothrond.|
|52||Finrod discovers the caves of Nulukkizdîn and soon begins building Nargothrond with aid from the Dwarves.|
|53||Turgon discovers valley of Tumladen.|
|60||Dagor Aglareb (Glorious Battle) is fought.
|c. 60 to 200||Morgoth is absent from Angband, after discovering Men. Persuaded by Melkor's lies, some Men stop worshipping Eru Ilúvatar and turn to evil, but others revolt: the Atanatári. These travel to the West in search for the Valar, aided by Avari Elves and Dwarves. (According to Melkor's lies, Men now lose the gift to die at will as the result of divine punishment, and are doomed to lead short life-spans at the end of which death takes them by force.) Not true, According to The Silmarillion, based on Tolkien's notes, Men were intentionally created with shorter life spans ending with the Gift of Men.
Finrod builds the fortress of Minas Tirith.
|64||Turgon begins building Gondolin.|
|65||Finrod builds the tower of Barad Nimras ("White Horn Tower") on a cape of the Falas between Brithombar and Eglarest.|
|c. 102||Founding of Nargothrond.
Finrod hands over Minas Tirith to his nephew Orodreth.
|116||Completion of Gondolin. Turgon's people begin the migration from Nevrast in secret.|
|150||The Dwarves renew their trade in Beleriand.|
|155||An assault upon Hithlum from the Firth of Drengist is defeated by Fingolfin's forces.|
|260||Glaurung ravages Ard-galen, but is driven back to Angband.
The Long Peace begins.
|310||Bëor leads The First House of the Edain into Beleriand.
Men discovered by Finrod.
|320||Maeglin is born in Nan Elmoth|
|341||Haldar and Haleth born.|
|361||Andreth, the daughter of Boromir son of Boron is born.|
|389||Birth of Hador, later Lord of Dor-lómin.|
|400||Return of Aredhel and Maeglin to Gondolin. Later that year Eöl and Aredhel die.|
|432||Birth of Beren Erchamion.|
|c. 455||Birth of Ereinion (later called Gil-galad), son of Orodreth.|
|455||Morgoth breaks the Siege of Angband in the Dagor Bragollach and kills Fingolfin in a duel.
|456||Húrin and Huor return from Gondolin to Dor-lómin.|
|457||Capture of Finrod's fortress of Minas Tirith by the forces of Sauron. Finrod's nephew Orodreth flees for Nargothrond.
Minas Tirith is renamed Tol-in-Gaurhoth, Isle of the Werewolves.
|460||Barahir and companions are betrayed and killed.
|464||Birth of Túrin in Dor-lómin.
|465||Celegorm and Curufin are exiled from Nargothrond and journey to Himring.
Finrod is slain by a werewolf, but Beren is rescued by Lúthien.
|466||Beren and Lúthien achieve the Quest of the Silmaril.
Beren dies, and Lúthien abandons life. Lúthien pleads with Mandos and Beren and Lúthien are restored to life.
|469||Beren and Lúthien return to life in Middle-earth, taking up their abode in Dor Firn-i-Guinar in Ossiriand. Lalaith, sister of Túrin dies of the plague.|
|470||Birth of Dior Eluchíl on Tol Galen.|
|471||Birth of Tuor, son of Huor.|
|472||Siege and capture of the Havens of the Falas: Brithombar and Eglarest.
Deaths of Huor and Fingon,
|c. 473||Birth of Niënor.
Death of Rían.
|490||Death of Beleg.
|495||The Battle of Tumhalad and Sack of Nargothrond.
|497||Dior weds Nimloth.|
|499||Slaying of Glaurung.
Deaths of Túrin Turambar and Niënor Níniel in Brethil.
|500||Birth of Elwing, daughter of Dior.|
|c. 501||Death of Morwen.|
|502||Thingol is slain and Doriath sacked by Dwarves of Nogrod.
Dior refounds Doriath.
|c. 503||Final deaths of Beren and Lúthien.
Dior receives the Silmaril
Death of Húrin.
|505||Doriath is destroyed in the Second Kinslaying.
Dior, Nimloth, and their sons Eluréd and Elurín are killed.
|510||Gondolin is betrayed by Maeglin and sacked.
|525||Eärendil weds Elwing at the Havens of Sirion.
|532||Elrond and Elros are born to Eärendil and Elwing.|
|538||Third Kinslaying: while Eärendil is away the remaining Sons of Fëanor attack the people of the Mouths of Sirion, trying to claim the Silmaril.
Elwing casts herself in the sea but is brought to Eärendil by Ulmo.
Maglor begins raising Elrond and Elros.
|545 to 587||The War of Wrath.
Most of Beleriand is sunk.
Maedhros and Maglor steal the Silmarils, but the jewels burn their hands and Maedhros jumps into a fiery chasm with his Silmaril whilst Maglor casts his Silmaril into the sea, the fate of Maglor is unknown.
|YS 590||Morgoth is thrust through the Door of Night into the Void
The Host of the Valar leaves Middle-earth and summons the Elves to remove to Aman and settle on Tol Eressëa; Círdan, Galadriel and Celeborn, Celebrimbor, Gil-galad and Elrond all elect to remain. A small part of the Ñoldor remain in Lindon, while some Sindar depart east and establish realms under Oropher and Amdír
— 3441 years long
|SA 1||Foundation of the Grey Havens under Círdan, and Lindon, the Ñoldorin Kingdom under Gil-galad.|
|32||Edain reach Númenor, Elros assumes the Sceptre as first King of Númenor.|
|c. 40||Many Dwarves abandon the ruined cities of Belegost and Nogrod in the Blue Mountains and join Durin's Folk in Moria.|
|61||Birth of Vardamir Nólimon, eldest child of Elros. Subsequently three more children are born.|
|192||Birth of Tar-Amandil.|
|222||Birth of Nolondil.|
|300||Birth of Celebrían.|
|350||Birth of Tar-Elendil.|
|361||Birth of Eärendur.|
|442||Elros, also known as Tar-Minyatur, dies.
Vardamir Nólimon succeeds to the throne but abdicates immediately.
|c. 500||Sauron arises again in Middle-earth.|
|521||Silmariën is born in Númenor, line of Lords of Andúnië splits off from the line of Kings.|
|532||Isilmë, sister of Silmariën, born.|
|543||Meneldur, brother of Silmariën, born.|
|590||Tar-Elendil becomes fourth King of Númenor.|
|600||First Númenórean ships sail to Middle-earth.|
|740||Tar-Meneldur becomes fifth King of Númenor.|
|750||The Ñoldor found the realm of Eregion near Khazad-dûm.|
|870||Anardil weds Erendis.|
|882||Anardil and Erendis separate.|
|883||Tar-Aldarion becomes sixth King of Númenor.|
|985||Death of Erendis by drowning.|
|c. 1000||Sauron begins building Barad-dûr.|
|1075||Tar-Ancalimë becomes the first Ruling Queen and seventh ruler of Númenór.|
|c. 1200||Sauron deceives the Ñoldor in Eregion, but Gil-galad mistrusts him; the Númenóreans begin building permanent havens in Middle-earth at Lond Daer and other places.|
|1280||Tar-Anárion becomes seventh King of Númenor.|
|c. 1350||Celeborn and Galadriel, together with their daughter Celebrían, emigrate from Eregion to Lothlórien.
Celebrimbor becomes lord of Eregion.
|1394||Tar-Súrion becomes eighth King of Númenor.|
|c. 1500||The Ñoldor under Celebrimbor are instructed by Sauron, beginning of the forging of the Rings of Power.|
|1556||Tar-Telperiën becomes the second Queen and tenth ruler of Númenor.|
|c. 1600||Forging of the One Ring.
Celebrimbor perceives Sauron's treachery.
|1693||War of the Elves and Sauron begins.
The Three Rings are hidden.
|1695||Elrond sent to Eregion as lieutenant of Gil-galad.|
|1699||Rivendell and Lindon besieged.|
|1700||Minastir sends a great navy under Ciryatur to Lindon and he is victorious at the Battle of the Gwathló.
Sauron's forces retreat from Eriador and are practically destroyed.
|1731||Tar-Minastir becomes eleventh King of Númenor.|
|c. 1800||Númenor begins establishing permanent settlements in Middle-earth.|
|1869||Tar-Ciryatan becomes twelfth King of Númenor.|
|2029||Tar-Atanamir the Great becomes thirteenth King of Númenor but is hostile to the Valar. The Elendili or "The Faithful" still receive the Elves in secret.|
|2221||Tar-Ancalimon becomes fourteenth King of Númenor.
|2251||The Nazgûl first appear.|
|2280||Umbar is founded by the Númenóreans.|
|2350||Pelargir is built by the Faithful.|
|2386||Tar-Telemmaitë becomes fifteenth King of Númenor.|
|2526||Tar-Vanimeldë becomes third Queen and sixteenth ruler of Númenor.|
|2637||Herucalmo seizes the throne and rules as "Tar-Anducal", but is not counted in the list of kings.|
|2657||Tar-Alcarin becomes seventeenth King of Númenor.|
|2737||Tar-Calmacil becomes eighteenth King of Númenor.|
|2899||Ar-Adûnakhôr becomes twentieth King of Númenor and the first to take his royal name in Adûnaic, the Númenórean language, instead of Quenya, the high language of the Elves. He bans people from using the Elvish tongues around him.|
|2962||Ar-Zimrathôn becomes twenty-first King of Númenor.|
|3033||Ar-Sakalthôr becomes twenty-second King of Númenor.|
|3102||Ar-Gimilzôr becomes twenty-third King of Númenor.|
|c. 3110||Usage of Elvish languages and contact with the Elves prohibited in Númenor.|
|3119||Birth of Elendil.|
|3177||Tar-Palantir becomes twenty-fourth King of Númenor, he repents, resulting in civil unrest in Númenor.|
|3209||Birth of Isildur|
|3219||Birth of Anárion.|
|3243||Death of Gimilkhâd, at 198 years old.|
|3255||Ar-Pharazôn the Golden weds his first-cousin Míriel, the daughter of Tar-Palantir, and seizes the throne of Númenor.|
|3261||Ar-Pharazôn sails to Middle-earth landing at Umbar, and takes Sauron captive.|
|3262||Sauron is taken as prisoner to Númenor, but begins corrupting the Númenóreans further.|
|c. 3265||Sauron becomes Ar-Pharazôn's court advisor.|
|3299||Elendur, eldest son of Isildur is born.
|3310||At Sauron's instigation, Ar-Pharazôn begins building the Great Armament.|
|3318||Birth of Meneldil, fourth child of Anárion and last man born in Númenor.|
|3319||Ar-Pharazôn sets foot on Aman; the World is Changed: Aman and Tol Eressëa are removed from Arda, Númenor is drowned, and the world is made round.
Elendil and his sons arrive on the shores of Middle-earth.
|3320||Founding of Gondor and Arnor as realms-in-exile by Elendil and his sons, Isildur and Anárion.
|3339||Aratan, second son of Isildur born in Gondor.|
|3379||Ciryon, third son of Isildir born in Minas Ithil.|
|3429||Sauron's forces launch a surprise attack and capture Minas Ithil, burning the White Tree.
The War of the Last Alliance begins.
|3430||The Last Alliance of Elves and Men is formed.|
|3434||Sauron's forces are defeated in the Battle of Dagorlad.
Siege of Barad-dûr begins.
|3440||Anárion is slain.|
|SA 3441||Elendil and Gil-galad perish in single combat with Sauron.
In the aftermath of the War many Elves of Gil-galad's following depart to Valinor: end of the Ñoldorin realms in Middle-earth.
— 3021 years long
Note on Shire Reckoning: Year 1601 of the Third Age, in which the Shire was founded, is year 1 of the Shire Reckoning. Thus, Third Age years can be converted into their Shire equivalents by deducting 1600.
|TA 2||The planting of the Second White Tree at Minas Anor, Isildur killed by Orcs in the Disaster of the Gladden Fields. Isildur loses the One Ring in the Anduin.
|3||Ohtar brings the shards of Narsil to Imladris.|
|10||Valandil formally takes the Sceptre of Annúminas as third High King of Arnor.|
|109||Elrond weds Celebrían, daughter of Celeborn and Galadriel.|
|130||Elladan and Elrohir are born to Elrond and Celebrían.|
|241||Arwen Undómiel is born to Elrond and Celebrían.|
|420||King Ostoher rebuilds Minas Anor.|
|492||The Easterlings invade Gondor.|
|500||King Tarostar successfully defeats the Easterlings, and he changes his name to Rómendacil, meaning "East Victor".|
|541||Easterlings invade Gondor once more, slaying King Rómendacil.|
|*c.550||King Turambar of Gondor defeats the Easterlings of Rhûn; the Northmen of Rhovanion become allies of Gondor.|
|830||King Siriondil of Gondor passes. His elder son Tarannon Falastur begins the line of Ship-kings.|
|861||King Eärendur of Arnor dies, his sons dispute the succession and after a bloody civil war, Arnor is divided into three smaller Realms. Arthedain, Cardolan and Rhudaur will fight over Weathertop and other territories for hundreds of years to come.
Annúminas starts to fall into ruin.
|933||Eärnil I of Gondor takes Umbar in a surprise attack.|
|936||Eärnil I lost at sea.|
|1000||The Wizards come to Middle-earth.|
|1015||The Black Númenóreans besiege Umbar in an attempt to recapture the city. King Ciryandil of Gondor is slain in the siege, Ciryaher takes the throne.|
|1050||Ciryaher conquers Harad and takes the name of Hyarmendacil meaning South-victor.
Gondor reaches the height of its power.
Sauron takes up abode at Dol Guldur.
Greenwood is renamed Mirkwood.
|1149||Death of Hyarmendacil I.
|1150||The Fallohides migrate to Eriador.|
|1248||Minalcar, the Regent of Gondor strikes a decisive blow to the Easterlings and forms a strong alliance with the men of Rhovanion.|
|1250||Minalcar sends his son, Valacar to Rhovanion as an emissary.
|*c. 1259||Castamir the Usurper born.|
|1300||The shadow over Middle-earth lengthens.
|1304||On the death of his father King Calmacil, Minalcar becomes King of Gondor as Rómendacil II.|
|1344||Death of Vidumavi.|
|1356||King Argeleb I of Arthedain is killed in defence of the Weather Hills during an invasion by Rhudaur, now controlled by Angmar, his son, Arveleg I, ascends the throne.|
|1366||Valacar ascends the throne of Gondor.|
|1409||Cardolan is ravaged and Rhudaur annexed by the kingdom of Angmar.
|1432||Eldacar succeeds his father, Valacar, as King of Gondor.
|1437||Castamir besieges and captures Osgiliath. The palantír is lost in the Anduin, the Dome of Stars is destroyed and the city sacked.
Eldacar flees Gondor, his son and heir Ornendil is captured by Castamir and executed.
|1447||Eldacar reclaims Gondor with an army of Northmen and kills Castamir at the Battle of the Crossings of Erui.
|1448||The sons of Castamir the Usurper and most of the fleet of Gondor flee south to Umbar, and become known as the Corsairs of Umbar.|
|1490||Death of Eldacar; his son Aldamir becomes King.|
|1540||King Aldamir of Gondor is slain by Haradrim.|
|1551||King Vinyarion of Gondor wins a great victory over the Haradrim, taking the name Hyarmendacil II.|
|1589||The death of Araphor. Argeleb II becomes the tenth King of Arthedain.|
|1601||Two Fallohide brothers Marcho and Blanco decided to cross the River Baranduin, later Brandywine and settle on the other side, and are followed by large numbers of Hobbits. King Argeleb II gives permission for the founding of the Shire.|
|1634||The Corsairs of Umbar attack Gondor, slaying king Minardil at Pelargir, and sacking the city.|
|1636||The Great Plague decimates Gondor and Rhovanion, the watch on Mordor is abandoned.|
|1640||Minas Anor becomes the capital of Gondor. Osgiliath begins to fall into ruin.|
|1670||The death of Argeleb II. Arvegil becomes the eleventh King of Arthedain.|
|1743||The death of Arvegil. Arveleg II becomes the twelfth King of Arthedain.|
|1810||King Telumehtar of Gondor recaptures Umbar and takes the title Umbardacil.|
|1851||Raids by the Wainriders begin.
|1856||The Wainriders first major assault on Gondor. Eastern territories of Gondor lost; King Narmacil II slain in the Battle of the Plains. The Northmen of Rhovanion are enslaved, save for the Éothéod, who escape to the west.|
|1899||King Calimehtar of Gondor attacks the Wainriders, is victorious in the Second Battle of Dagorlad.
The Men of Rhovanion, occupied by Wainriders, rebel.
|1900||The White Tower is built in Minas Anor.|
|1936||Ondoher succeeds Calimehtar as King of Gondor.|
|1944||During an invasion by the Wainriders and the Haradrim, King Ondoher of Gondor is killed in battle along with both his sons. The Gondorian general Eärnil defeats their Haradrim allies in the Battle of South Ithilien and then destroys the Wainriders at the Battle of the Camp; Arvedui, son-in-law of Ondoher claims the Crown of Gondor.|
|1945||After a disputed succession, Eärnil II is crowned King of Gondor.|
|1964||Arvedui, son of King Araphant of Arthedain, ascends the throne.|
|1974||The kingdom of Arthedain is conquered by Angmar.|
|1975||Gondor destroys Angmar in the Battle of Fornost.
Death of Arvedui.
|1976||Aranarth assumes the title Chieftain of the Dúnedain, the Dúnedain of Arnor go into hiding.|
|1979||The Hobbits of the Shire create the office of Thain to assume the functions of the lost king.|
|1980||The Khazad-dûm Dwarves awaken Durin's Bane, a Balrog, which kills Durin VI, King of Khazad-dûm.
|1981||Durin VI's son, Náin I, is also killed, and the Dwarves flee Khazad-dûm, which becomes known as Moria.
|1999||The Dwarvish Kingdom of the Lonely Mountain (Erebor) is founded. About this time Vorondil the Hunter, son of Pelendur, hunts the Kine of Araw in the fields of Rhûn.|
|2000||The Witch King besieges Minas Ithil|
|2002||Minas Ithil falls, becomes Minas Morgul. Minas Anor is renamed Minas Tirith.|
|2050||The line of kings fails in Gondor. The rule of the Stewards of Gondor begins.|
|2060||As the power of Dol Guldur grows, the Wise suspect it is Sauron taking shape again.|
|2063||Gandalf goes to Dol Guldur to determine the identity of the Necromancer. Sauron withdraws before he can do so.
The Watchful Peace begins.
|2430||The approximate birth year of Sméagol.|
|2460||Sauron returns to Dol Guldur in southern Mirkwood.
The Watchful Peace ends.
|2463||The White Council is formed
|2475||Black Uruks from Mordor attack Osgiliath, destroying the Great Bridge and completing the ruin of the city. They are driven back to Minas Morgul by Boromir.|
|2485||Eorl the Young is born.|
|2501||Eorl the Young, becomes Lord of the Éothéod.|
|2509||Cirion, Steward of Gondor, sends summons to the Éothéod for military aid.
|2510||The Balchoth invade Gondor, conquering much of Calenardhon, but are driven back by Eorl the Young and the Éothéod in the Battle of the Field of Celebrant.
Gondor gives the now-uninhabited province of Calenardhon to the Éothéod. The kingdom of Rohan is founded. The alliance between Rohan and Gondor comes into existence.
|2512||Birth of Brego.|
|2544||Birth of Aldor ('the Old').|
|2545||Eorl the Young, 1st King of Rohan, dies in the battle on The Wold against the Easterlings.
Brego succeeds him as the 2nd King of Rohan.
|2569||Completion of the Golden Hall of Meduseld in Rohan.|
|2570||Aldor, aged only 26, becomes 3rd King of Rohan at the death of his father Brego.
|2594||Birth of Fréawine.|
|2645||Fréa becomes 4th king of Rohan after the death of his father Aldor ('the Old').|
|2659||Fréawine, becomes 5th King of Rohan.|
|2670||Tobold Hornblower begins growing pipe-weed in the Shire, and he is the first one to do so.|
|2680||Goldwine, becomes 6th King of Rohan.|
|2698||Ecthelion I rebuilds the White Tower|
|2699||Déor, becomes 7th King of Rohan.|
|2710||Isengard is occupied by Dunlendings.|
|2718||Gram, becomes 8th King of Rohan.|
|2741||Helm Hammerhand 9th King of Rohan ascends the throne.|
|2746||Thorin Oakenshield, son of Thráin II, is born.|
|2747||The Hobbits of the Shire led by Bandobras "Bullroarer" Took defeat an Orc invasion at Battle of Greenfields.|
|2758||Dunlendings, under Wulf, invade Rohan, supported by the Easterlings and Corsairs of Umbar.|
|Long Winter 2758 to TA 2759||The Dunlendings take Edoras and lay siege to the Hornburg.|
|2759||Helm Hammerhand, King of Rohan, dies of hunger and exposure. He is succeeded by his nephew Fréaláf Hildeson who drives out the Dunlendings.
|2763||Balin is born.|
|2767||Dáin II Ironfoot is born.|
|2770||Smaug lays waste to the town of Dale and captures Erebor with all of its treasure. The surviving Dwarves there are driven into exile.|
|2783||Glóin is born.|
|2790||Thrór is murdered by Azog in Moria. Dwarves from all over Middle-earth begin their preparations for war.|
|2793||The War of the Dwarves and Orcs begins.|
|2798||Fréaláf Hildeson, 10th King of Rohan, dies. He is followed by his son Brytta Léofa.|
|2799||The Battle of Azanulbizar is fought at Moria's East Gate, in which the Dwarves defeat Sauron's minions, but are unable to enter Moria due to the Balrog Durin's Bane.
|2842||Brytta Léofa, 11th King of Rohan, dies. Succeeded by his son Walda.|
|2845||Thráin II is captured by Sauron and imprisoned in Dol Guldur.|
|2850||Gandalf enters Dol Guldur and confirms that the evil thereby found is indeed Sauron returned. He finds the dying Thráin II in the dungeons and is given Thrór's Map and the Key to the Side-door.|
|2851||Gandalf urges the White Council to attack Dol Guldur, but is overruled by Saruman (who seeks the One Ring for himself).
|2859||Fíli and Kíli, the sons of Dis and nephews of Thorin II Oakenshield, are born.|
|2864||Folca, 13th King of Rohan, is killed by the Boar of Everholt. He is succeeded by his son Folcwine.
The Orcs in the White Mountains are wiped out.
|2872||The White Tree of Gondor dies.|
|2879||Gimli son of Glóin is born.|
|2885||Harondor is once again claimed by the Haradrim, supported by the Corsairs of Umbar.
|2890||Bilbo Baggins is born. (22 September)|
|2901||Under pressure from Orc raids, Gondor abandons Ithilien, but establishes the Rangers of Ithilien and constructs hidden refuges to harass the enemy.|
|2903||Folcwine, 14th King of Rohan, dies and is succeeded by his youngest son Fengel.|
|2905||Birth of Thengel.|
|2907||Birth of Gilraen (later wife of Arathorn II).|
|Fell Winter of 2911 to 2912||Wolves invade the Shire.
|2930||Arador is killed by Trolls. Arathorn II becomes the 15th Chieftain of the Dúnedain.
Denethor II is born.
|2931||Birth of Aragorn II Elessar, son of Arathorn II and Gilraen.|
|2933||Arathorn II is killed while hunting Orcs.|
|2941||Bilbo Baggins leaves Bag-end with Thorin II Oakenshield and company. (April 27)
Bilbo Baggins obtains the One Ring. (July)
|2942||Bilbo returns to the Shire with the Ring.
Sauron returns in secret to Mordor.
|2944||Bard rebuilds Dale and become king.
Gollum leaves the Mountains and begins looking for the "thief" of the Ring.
|2948||Théoden, son of Thengel, king of Rohan, is born.|
|2949||Gandalf and Balin visit Bilbo in the Shire.|
|2950||Finduilas of Dol Amroth, daughter of Adrahil of Dol Amroth, is born.|
|2951||Sauron declares his presence in Mordor openly.
|2953||Last meeting of the White Council.
|2954||Mount Doom bursts into flame.|
|2956||Aragorn first meets Gandalf the Grey.|
|2957 to 2980||Aragorn as Thorongil serves in the armies of King Thengel of Rohan, and Steward Ecthelion II of Gondor.|
|2968||Frodo Baggins is born. (22 September)|
|2976||Denethor II marries Finduilas.|
|2977||Bain, son of Bard, become King of Dale.|
|2978||Boromir, son of Denethor II, is born.|
|2980||Thorongil, in the service of the Steward of Gondor Ecthelion II leads a Raid on Umbar and kills the Captain of the Haven.
Arwen pledges her hand in marriage to Aragorn.
Frodo Baggins loses both of his parents in a boating accident.
Samwise Gamgee is born.
|2982||Birth of Meriadoc Brandybuck. (Merry)|
|2983||Birth of Faramir.|
|2984||Ecthelion II dies, Denethor II becomes 26th Ruling Steward of Gondor.|
|2987||The birth of Elphir, son of Prince Imrahil.|
|2989||Frodo Baggins comes under the guardianship of Bilbo Baggins.
|2990||Birth of Peregrin Took. (Pippin)|
|2991||Birth of Éomer.|
|2994||Balin is killed. The Dwarf-colony in Moria is destroyed.|
|2995||Birth of Éowyn.|
|3000||Saruman begins using the Palantír of Orthanc and is soon ensnared and corrupted by Sauron who also has a Palantír. He soon becomes a traitor employing spies who soon report to him that the Rangers are responsible for watching the Shire.|
|3001||Bilbo Baggins turns 111 and leaves the Shire. The One Ring passes to Frodo Baggins. Gandalf enlists Aragorn's help in tracking Gollum.|
|3002||Lalia (Clayhanger) Took, the matriarch of the Took clan, dies, aged 119.
Bilbo settles in Rivendell.
|3009||Aragorn captures Gollum at Gandalf's request, and brings him as a captive to King Thranduil's halls in Mirkwood.|
|3014||Saruman begins using his influence to weaken Théoden, King of Rohan.|
|3017||Gandalf finds the Scroll of Isildur detailing the One Ring, in the archives of Minas Tirith.|
|3018||The Ringwraiths are given the task of retrieving the One Ring.
Gandalf leaves the Shire for news in the south. (End of June)
All traces of Gollum disappear. It is considered that, around this time, being hunted by Elves and by the servants of Sauron, he takes refuge in Moria, but when he finally discovers the way to the Doors of Durin, he cannot leave. (August)
Four Ringwraiths enter the Shire before dawn. The others pursue the Rangers eastward and later return to watch. A Ringwraith arrives in Hobbiton at nightfall. Frodo, Sam, and Pippin leave Bag End. Gandalf, having tamed Shadowfax, departs Rohan. (September 23)
Second night with Bombadil. (September 27)
Gandalf arrives in Bree. (October 1)
Aragorn and the hobbits cross the bridge. (October 13)
|3019||The Fellowship arrives in Hollin (Eregion). (January 8)
The Breaking of the Fellowship of the Ring. Death of Boromir; his horn is heard in Minas Tirith shortly before his death. Meriadoc Brandybuck and Peregrin Took are captured. Frodo and Sam penetrate the east part of Emyn Muil. Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli depart in pursuit of the Orcs by night. Éomer knows of the descent of the band of Orcs from Emyn Muil. (February 26)
Frodo and Sam begin to cross the Dead Marshes at sunrise. The Entmoot continues. Aragorn finds Gandalf, the White. They depart for Edoras. Faramir leaves Minas Tirith and goes to Ithilien on a mission. (March 1)
Frodo and Sam arrive at the end of the Marshes. Gandalf arrives at Edoras and cures Théoden. The King and his men ride west against Saruman. The Second Battle of the Fords of Isen. Erkenbrand is defeated. Finish of the Entmoot by nightfall. The Ents march to Isengard, arriving there by midnight. (March 2)
The Battle of the Hornburg ends at dawn, when Gandalf arrives with Erkenbrand and the Rohirrim, killing the remaining Uruk-hai with the aid of the Huorns. Théoden and Gandalf ride to Isengard. (March 4)
Frodo departs Henneth Annûn. (March 8)
Gandalf arrives at Minas Tirith. Faramir departs from Henneth Annûn. Aragorn departs from Erech and arrives at Calembel. At twilight, Frodo, Sam and Gollum reach the Cross-roads. Arrival of Imrahil and men of the southern fiefs of Gondor in Minas Tirith. The darkness of Mordor begins to spread. (March 9)
The Dawnless Day. The Muster of Rohan: the Rohirrim depart. Faramir rescued by Gandalf before the Gates of Minas Tirith. An army from the Black Gate takes Cair Andros and invade Anórien. Frodo, Sam and Gollum watch the Army leaving Minas Morgul. (March 10)
Frodo, after escaping Shelob's cave, is attacked by Shelob and poisoned. Gollum, who wants the One Ring, attacks Sam. Sam defeats him and Gollum escapes. Sam fights off Shelob, who flees wounded. Sam thinks that Frodo is dead and takes the One Ring. Frodo is captured by Orcs under the command of Shagrat and imprisoned in the Tower of Cirith Ungol. The Pelennor Fields are invaded. Faramir is badly wounded. (March 13)
The Siege of Gondor. Minas Tirith is enclosed by Orc armies, who attack the city using catapults. The Nazgûl, under the command of the Witch-king of Angmar, mounted on their fellbeasts, attack the city from above. By nightfall, the powerful battering ram Grond tries to break the Great Gate of Minas Tirith. (March 14)
In the first hours of the day, Grond destroys the Gates of the City. Denethor, maddened, tries to burn himself and the wounded Faramir on a pyre. He orders his servants to bring him wood and oil. The horns of the Rohirrim are heard at dawn: Théoden and his army arrive to help Gondor, the Battle of the Pelennor Fields begins. Gandalf and Pippin save Faramir, but Denethor burns himself on the pyre. The Rohirrim break the siege lines, but Gothmog sends in Mordor's reserves. Haradrim legions arrive with Mûmakil, and the Rohirrim start to be pushed back. The Witch-king orders his fell beast to attack Théoden. He falls to the ground and his horse crushes him. Dernhelm (revealed to be Éowyn) attacks the Witch-king's Fellbeast, and slays it in a single strike. The Witch-king is then slain by her and by Meriadoc Brandybuck. Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli arrive with men from southern Gondor and Mordor's army is defeated. Samwise rescues Frodo from the Tower of Cirith Ungol. The two finally reach Mordor. (March 15)
Frodo and Samwise make their journey to the roots of Mount Doom. The army camps before the Morannon. (March 24)
The Battle of the Morannon. The Army of the West is encircled by the much more numerous Orc army. While they fight, the eight remaining Nazgûl and their fellbeasts arrive, but the Eagles arrive to help, battling the Nazgûl and their fellbeasts. Frodo and Samwise, exhausted and starving, arrive at the Sammath Naur. Gollum, supposedly dead, reappears and attacks Frodo and Sam. Sam fights Gollum, who stays behind while Frodo, who enters the Cracks of Doom. When about to destroy the One Ring, Frodo stops, and puts on the Ring, claiming it as his own, and disappears. Sensing that the Ring is inside Mount Doom, Sauron's Eye looks there, and the surviving Nazgûl fly to Mount Doom. Gollum takes the One Ring, trips and falls into Mount Doom's lava, dying. The One Ring is destroyed. Sauron and his armies are destroyed. Frodo and Samwise are rescued from Mount Doom by Gandalf and the Eagles. (March 25)
Faramir marries Éowyn. ((Date unspecified))
Death of Lotho Sackville-Baggins.
|3020||Samwise Gamgee marries Rosie Cotton and together they move into Bag End. (Spring)|
|TA 3021||Éomer marries Imrahil's daughter, Lothíriel of Dol Amroth.
Samwise returns to Bag End. (October 6)
The Fourth Age begins.
— length unknown
The Fourth Age (in the reckoning of Gondor) began on year 1422 of the Shire Reckoning. The Fourth Age dates can be calculated by subtracting 1421 from the dates in the Shire Reckoning, or 1420 in some cases, since the Fourth Age began on March 25. This website lists some Fourth Age dates in the FO format, as in FO 1 (as opposed to FA, which is sometimes used for the First Age).
- SR 1427 - Peregrin Took marries Diamond of Long Cleeve.
- SR 1430 - Birth of Faramir Took, son of Diamond of Long Cleeve and Peregrin Took.
- (Date Uncertain) - Birth Of Elfwine, son of Lothíriel and Éomer.
- SR 1434 - Peregrin Took becomes 32nd Thain of the Shire.
- SR 1436 - Death of Glóin, father of Gimli.
- SR 1455 - Death of Prince Imrahil. Imrahil's son Elphir succeeds him as Prince of Dol Amroth.
- SR 1462 - Birth of Holfast Gardner, son and heir of Frodo Gardner.
- SR 1482 - Samwise Gamgee leaves Middle-earth via Mithlond.
- SR 1484 - Meriadoc Brandybuck, aged 102, and Peregrin Took, aged 94; leave the Shire to live in Rohan and Gondor; death of Éomer, aged 93. His son Elfwine ascends the throne of Rohan.
- SR 1488 - Death of Prince Elphir, son of Imrahil, 23rd Prince of Dol Amroth. Elphir's son Alphros succeeds him.
- SR 1503 - Death of Faramir, aged 120. His son Elboron succeeds him.
- SR 1516 - Death of Prince Alphros, 24th Prince of Dol Amroth, son of Elphir.
- SR 1541 - Death of Aragorn II Elessar, King of the Reunited Kingdom of Arnor and Gondor, 210 years of age and after a reign of 122 years; Aragorn's son Eldarion ascends the throne. Legolas builds a ship and sails into the west to the Undying Lands, taking Gimli (now a very old Dwarf) with him.
- SR 1542 - Death of Arwen, aged 2901.
- SR 1592 - A copy of the Red Book of Westmarch is made.
- SR 1606 - Death of Harding of the Hill, Sam Gamgee's heir and great-grandson.
- SR 1641 - Events of The New Shadow happen this year.
Recreation of Arda
Dagor Dagorath (prophesized)
— length unknown
- ?- Morgoth discovers how to break the Door of Night.
- ? - Morgoth turns the Sun and Moon into dragonborn, all becomes dark.
- ? - Eärendil descends and meets with Tulkas, Manwë, Eönwë and Túrin Turambar
- ? - The Final Battle of Dagor Dagorath begins on the fields of Valinor
- ? - Opposites forces fight, Tulkas wrestles with Morgoth
- ? - Túrin destroys Morgoth. Final death of Morgoth.
- ? - The three Silmarils are recovered, Fëanor breaks them, and recreates the Two Trees (new replacement of light)
- ? - Pelóri Mountains are leveled
- ? - Battle will end and will result in the recreation of Arda. Elves will awaken. Second Music of the Ainur.
Before the Sun and Moon
- Battle of the Powers, fought by the Valar against Melkor. Utumno destroyed and Melkor imprisoned
- First Battle of Beleriand, fought by the Sindar before the return of the Ñoldor to Middle-earth
- Dagor-nuin-Giliath, Battle under the Stars
- 75 - Dagor Aglareb, Glorious Battle
- 455 - Dagor Bragollach, Battle of Sudden Flame, which ended the Siege of Angband
- 472 - Nírnaeth Arnoediad, Battle of Unnumbered Tears
- 495 - Battle of Tumhalad
- 583 - War of Wrath, Morgoth is defeated
See also Battles of Beleriand.
- 2 - Disaster of the Gladden Fields
- 1447 - Battle of the Crossings of Erui
- 1856 - Battle of the Plains
- 1899 - Second Battle of Dagorlad
- 1944 - Battle of South Ithilien and Battle of the Camp
- 1975 - Battle of Fornost
- 2510 - Battle of the Field of Celebrant
- 2799 - Battle of Azanulbizar (last battle of the War of the Dwarves and Orcs)
- 2941 - Battle of Five Armies
- February 25, 3019 - First Battle of the Fords of Isen
- March 2, 3019 - Second Battle of the Fords of Isen
- March 3-4, 3019 - Battle of the Hornburg
- March 11, 3019 - First assault on Lórien
- March 15, 3019 - Battle Under the Trees
- March 15, 3019 - Second assault on Lórien
- March 15, 3019 - Battle of the Pelennor Fields
- March 17, 3019 - Battle of Dale
- March 25, 3019 - Battle of the Black Gate
- November 3, 3019 - Battle of Bywater
- No major battle was recorded. Only minor battles of the Reunited Kingdom versus hostile Haradrim and Easterling Tribes were mentioned.
The End of Arda
- Dagor Dagorath (prophesied)
Chronological Table of the Quest to destroy the Ring
The Lord of the Rings is unusual among Tolkien's works in that a large part of it is not written in Chronological Order. This chronology aligns the chapters by date.
Other Chronologies and Lines of Descent
- The Grey Annals
- Book publishing dates
- Chieftains of the Dúnedain
- Kings of Arnor
- Kings of Arthedain
- Kings of Gondor
- Kings of Númenor
- Kings of Rohan
- Kings of Durin's Folk
- Princes of Dol Amroth
- Realms of Arda
- Stewards of Gondor
- Sundering of the Elves
- Thains of the Shire
1Silmariën was definitely the eldest child of Tar-Elendil, and her birthdate is given several times as SA 521. In the Tale of Years, the entry of Silmariën's birthdate is given as SA 548, a date that goes back to the first drafts of that text (see Silmariën's article for details).
2In the Tale of years, it says in SA 2251 "Tar-Atanamir takes the sceptre", however, Atanamir died in SA 2221. SA 2221 is itself an emendation of SA 2251, and the former (SA 2221) appears in the later tables, while the latter (SA 2251) in the earlier tables: therefore SA 2251 (properly SA 2221) should have read "Death of Tar-Atanamir. Tar-Ancalimon takes the sceptre."
3In one table (probably an earlier draft) of the Kings of Gondor, Castamir's birthdate is given at TA 1159, however this is clearly impossible: Eldacar was born in SA 1255, and they are in the same generation, so SA 1259 is more correct.
4The date of Sam's birth in the genealogies is SR 1380 (equivalent to TA 2980), however the Tale of Years gives it as TA 2983, which is incorrect; in SR 1476, Sam is said to have been ninety-six years old, so TA 2980 is more correct than SA 2983.
|J.R.R. Tolkien's Middle-earth Legendarium|
|The Hobbit (1937) • The Lord of the Rings (The Fellowship of the Ring  • The Two Towers  • The Return of the King ) • The Adventures of Tom Bombadil  • The Road Goes Ever On |
|Bilbo's Last Song  • The Silmarillion  • Unfinished Tales  |
The History of Middle-earth (The Book of Lost Tales Part One  • The Book of Lost Tales Part Two  • The Lays of Beleriand  • The Shaping of Middle-earth  • The Lost Road and Other Writings  • The Return of the Shadow  • The Treason of Isengard  • The War of the Ring  • Sauron Defeated  • Morgoth's Ring  • The War of the Jewels  • The Peoples of Middle-earth  • Index )
Great Tales (The Children of Húrin  • Beren and Lúthien  • The Fall of Gondolin )
The Nature of Middle-earth 
- The Chronicle of Arda
- Alberto Monteiro's Tolkien Page
- Lord of the Rings Library: A revised timeline of the First Age
- Detailed Timeline before the Rising of the Sun
- The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 10: Morgoth's Ring, The Later Quenta Silmarillion, The Second Phase, II: "The Earliest Version of the Story of Finwë and Míriel"
- "Commentary on the fourth section of the Annals of Aman"
- Unfinished Tales, Part Three: The Third Age, I: "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", Notes
- The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 12: The Peoples of Middle-earth, VII: "The Heirs of Elendil"