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The One Wiki to Rule Them All

History of Arda


Valian Years

Shaping of Arda
Years of the Lamps
Years of the Trees
Before the First Age
First Age part 1

Years of the Sun

First Age part 2
Second Age
Third Age
Fourth Age
Timeline of Arda

Arda during the Third Age

The Third Age was the Age of Arda that lasted for 3021 years, from the first defeat of Sauron by the forces of the Last Alliance and the deaths of Elendil and Gil-galad, to the departure of Gandalf, Galadriel, Elrond, Bilbo, and Frodo to the Undying Lands after Sauron's final downfall during the War of the Ring.

The Age was one of transition, as the time of the Elves gave way to the rule of Men. The first millennium was mostly peaceful, marked by the growing power of Gondor and peace and prosperity for the lands of the West. However with the return of the shadow, evil began to grow once more, leading to war and other calamities.


Year16 Events
2 The planting of the Second White Tree at Minas Anor, Isildur killed by Orcs in the Disaster of the Gladden Fields. Isildur loses the One Ring in the Anduin.
3 Ohtar brings the shards of Narsil to Imladris.
10 Valandil formally takes the Sceptre of Annúminas as third High King of Arnor.
109 Elrond weds Celebrían, daughter of Celeborn and Galadriel.
130 Elladan and Elrohir are born to Elrond and Celebrían.
241 Arwen Undómiel is born to Elrond and Celebrían.
420 King Ostoher rebuilds Minas Anor.
492 The Easterlings invade Gondor.
500 King Tarostar successfully defeats the Easterlings, and he changes his name to Rómendacil, meaning "East Victor".
541 Easterlings invade Gondor once more, slaying King Rómendacil.
*c.550 King Turambar of Gondor defeats the Easterlings of Rhûn; the Northmen of Rhovanion become allies of Gondor.
861 King Eärendur of Arnor dies, his sons dispute the succession and after a bloody civil war, Arnor is divided into three smaller Realms. Arthedain, Cardolan and Rhudaur will fight over Weathertop and other territories for hundreds of years to come.
933 Eärnil I of Gondor takes Umbar in a surprise attack.
936 Eärnil I lost at sea.
1000 The Wizards come to Middle-earth.
1015 The Black Númenóreans besiege Umbar in an attempt to recapture the city. King Ciryandil of Gondor is slain in the siege, Ciryaher takes the throne.
1050 Ciryaher conquers Harad and takes the name of Hyarmendacil meaning South-victor.

Gondor reaches the height of its power.

The Harfoots cross the Misty Mountains into Eriador.

Sauron takes up abode at Dol Guldur.

Greenwood is renamed Mirkwood.

1149 Death of Hyarmendacil I.

Atanatar II the Glorious takes the crown of Gondor. Under his rule, the power of Gondor begins to wane.

1150 The Fallohides migrate to Eriador.
1248 Minalcar, the Regent of Gondor strikes a decisive blow to the Easterlings and forms a strong alliance with the men of Rhovanion.
1250 Minalcar sends his son, Valacar to Rhovanion as an emissary.

Valacar falls in love with Vidumavi, daughter of Vidugavia 'King' of Rhovanion.

1255 Eldacar born.
*c. 1259 Castamir the Usurper born.
1300 The shadow over Middle-earth lengthens.

The Realm of Angmar is formed north of Rhudaur under the rule of a dark sorcerer, later revealed to be the Witch-king of Angmar.

The Nazgûl begin to reappear. Orcs begin to infest the Misty Mountains.

1304 On the death of his father King Calmacil, Minalcar becomes King of Gondor as Rómendacil II.
1344 Death of Vidumavi.
1356 King Argeleb I of Arthedain is killed in defence of the Weather Hills during an invasion by Rhudaur, now controlled by Angmar, his son, Arveleg I, ascends the throne.
1366 Valacar ascends the throne of Gondor.
1409 Cardolan is ravaged and Rhudaur annexed by the kingdom of Angmar.

Weathertop watchtower, and the Weather Hills fortifications are burned and destroyed. Arveleg I is slain in battle. Fornost is attacked but successfully defended by the new King Araphor.

1432 Eldacar succeeds his father, Valacar, as King of Gondor.

Castamir the Usurper, Lord of Ships, and a large following of Nobles are distressed by the half-blood King. They rebel and the Kin-strife begins.

1437 Castamir besieges and captures Osgiliath. The palantír is lost in the Anduin, the Dome of Stars is destroyed and the city sacked.

Eldacar flees Gondor, his son and heir Ornendil is captured by Castamir and executed.

1447 Eldacar reclaims Gondor with an army of Northmen and kills Castamir at the Battle of the Crossings of Erui.

Castamir's sons take refuge in Pelargir, Eldacar lays siege.

1448 The sons of Castamir the Usurper and most of the fleet of Gondor flee south to Umbar, and become known as the Corsairs of Umbar.
1540 King Aldamir of Gondor is slain by Haradrim.
1551 King Vinyarion of Gondor wins a great victory over the Haradrim, taking the name Hyarmendacil II.
1601 Two Fallohide brothers Marcho and Blanco decided to cross the River Baranduin, later Brandywine and settle on the other side, and are followed by large numbers of Hobbits. King Argeleb II gives permission for the founding of the Shire.
1634 The Corsairs of Umbar attack Gondor, slaying king Minardil at Pelargir, and sacking the city.
1636 The Great Plague decimates Gondor and Rhovanion, the watch on Mordor is abandoned.
1640 Minas Anor becomes the capital of Gondor. Osgiliath begins to fall into ruin.
1810 King Telumehtar of Gondor recaptures Umbar and takes the title Umbardacil.
1851 Raids by the Wainriders begin.

King Araval of Arthedain wins a victory over Angmar.

1856 The Wainriders first major assault on Gondor, King Narmacil II is killed in the Battle of the Plains.
1899 King Calimehtar of Gondor attacks the Wainriders, is victorious in the Second Battle of Dagorlad.

The Men of Rhovanion, occupied by Wainriders, rebel.

1900 The White Tower is built in Minas Anor.
1936 Ondoher succeeds Calimehtar as King of Gondor.
1944 During an invasion by the Wainriders and the Haradrim, King Ondoher of Gondor is killed in battle along with both his sons. The Wainriders are then destroyed in the Battle of the Camp.
1945 After a disputed succession, Eärnil II is crowned King of Gondor.
1964 Arvedui, son of King Araphant of Arthedain, ascends the throne.
1974 The kingdom of Arthedain is conquered by Angmar.
1975 Gondor destroys Angmar in the Battle of Fornost.

Death of Arvedui.

1976 Aranarth assumes the title Chieftain of the Dúnedain, the Dúnedain of Arnor go into hiding.
1979 The Hobbits of the Shire create the office of Thain to assume the functions of the lost king.
1980 The Khazad-dûm Dwarves awaken Durin's Bane, a Balrog, which kills Durin VI, King of Khazad-dûm.

The Witch-king of Angmar returns to Mordor.

1981 Durin VI's son, Náin I, is also killed, and the Dwarves flee Khazad-dûm, which becomes known as Moria.

Amroth and Nimrodel are lost at sea.

1999 Erebor is founded.
2000 The Witch King besieges Minas Ithil
2002 Minas Ithil falls, becomes Minas Morgul. Minas Anor is renamed Minas Tirith.
2050 The line of kings fails in Gondor. The rule of the Stewards of Gondor begins.
2063 Gandalf goes to Dol Guldur to determine the identity of the Necromancer. Sauron withdraws before he can do so.

The Watchful Peace begins.

2430 The approximate birth year of Sméagol.
2460 Sauron returns to Dol Guldur in southern Mirkwood.

The Watchful Peace ends.

2463 Sméagol (later known as Gollum) becomes the fourth master of the One Ring, after killing his cousin Déagol.
2475 Black Uruks from Mordor attack Osgiliath, destroying the Great Bridge and completing the ruin of the city. They are driven back to Minas Morgul by Boromir.
2485 Eorl the Young is born.
2501 Eorl the Young, becomes Lord of the Éothéod.
2509 Cirion, Steward of Gondor, sends summons to the Éothéod for military aid.

Celebrían is waylaid by Orcs, receives a poisoned wound, and subsequently departs Middle-earth.

2510 The Balchoth invade Gondor, conquering much of Calenardhon, but are driven back by the Éothéod at the Battle of the Field of Celebrant.

Gondor gives the now-uninhabited province of Calenardhon to the Éothéod. The kingdom of Rohan is founded. The alliance between Rohan and Gondor comes into existence.

2545 Eorl the Young, 1st King of Rohan, dies in the battle on The Wold against the Easterlings.

Brego succeeds him as the 2nd King of Rohan.

2570 Aldor, aged only 26, becomes 3rd King of Rohan at the death of his father Brego.
2645 Fréa becomes 4th king of Rohan after the death of his father Aldor ('the Old').
2659 Fréawine, becomes 5th King of Rohan.
2680 Goldwine, becomes 6th King of Rohan.
2698 Ecthelion I rebuilds the White Tower
2699 Déor, becomes 7th King of Rohan.
2710 Isengard is occupied by Dunlendings.
2718 Gram, becomes 8th King of Rohan.
2741 Helm Hammerhand 9th King of Rohan ascends the throne.
2746 Thorin Oakenshield, son of Thráin II, is born.
2747 The Hobbits of the Shire led by Bandobras "Bullroarer" Took defeat an Orc invasion at Battle of Greenfields.
2758 Dunlendings, under Wulf, invade Rohan, supported by the Easterlings and Corsairs of Umbar.
Long Winter 2758 to TA 2759 The Dunlendings take Edoras and lay siege to the Hornburg.
2759 Helm Hammerhand, King of Rohan, dies of hunger and exposure. He is succeeded by his nephew Fréaláf Hildeson who drives out the Dunlendings.

Saruman settles in Isengard.

2763 Balin is born.
2770 Erebor is taken over by Smaug.
2783 Glóin is born.
2793 The War of the Dwarves and Orcs begins.
2798 Fréaláf Hildeson, 10th King of Rohan, dies. He is followed by his son Brytta Léofa.
2799 The Battle of Azanulbizar is fought at Moria's East Gate, in which the Dwarves defeat Sauron's minions, but are unable to enter Moria due to the Balrog Durin's Bane.

War of the Dwarves and Orcs ends. Some Orc survivors flee south to the White Mountains.

2841 Thráin II mounts an expedition to the Lonely Mountain, but vanishes without trace, seized by servants of Sauron and taken to Dol Guldur.
2842 Brytta Léofa, 11th King of Rohan, dies. Succeeded by his son Walda.
2850 Gandalf enters Dol Guldur and confirms that the evil thereby found is indeed Sauron returned. He finds the dying Thráin II in the dungeons and is given Thrór's Map and the Key to the Side-door.
2851 Walda, 12th King of Rohan, is killed by an Orc, his son Folca succeeds him.
2859 Fíli and Kíli, the sons of Dis and nephews of Thorin II Oakenshield, are born.
2864 Folca, 13th King of Rohan, is killed by the Boar of Everholt. He is succeeded by his son Folcwine.

The Orcs in the White Mountains are wiped out.

2872 The White Tree of Gondor dies.
2879 Gimli son of Glóin is born.
2885 Harondor is once again claimed by the Haradrim, supported by the Corsairs of Umbar.

Fastred and Folcred, the twin sons of king Folcwine, are killed during the Battle of the Crossings of Poros.

2890 Bilbo Baggins is born. (22 September)
2901 Under pressure from Orc raids, Gondor abandons Ithilien, but establishes the Rangers of Ithilien and constructs hidden refuges to harass the enemy.
2903 Folcwine, 14th King of Rohan, dies and is succeeded by his youngest son Fengel.
2907 Birth of Gilraen (later wife of Arathorn II).
Fell Winter of 2911 to 2912 Wolves invade the Shire.

Tharbad is ruined in the following the floods.

2930 Arador is killed by Trolls. Arathorn II becomes the 15th Chieftain of the Dúnedain.

Denethor II is born.

2931 Birth of Aragorn II Elessar, son of Arathorn II and Gilraen.
2933 Arathorn II is killed while hunting Orcs.
2941 Bilbo Baggins obtains the One Ring. (July)

The White Council drives Sauron out of Dol Guldur.

Lake-town is attacked by the dragon Smaug, who is killed by Bard the Bowman.

The Battle of Five Armies

Deaths of Thorin II Oakenshield, Fíli and Kíli. Dáin II Ironfoot becomes King under the Mountain.

2942 Bilbo returns to the Shire with the Ring.

Sauron returns in secret to Mordor.

2944 Bard rebuilds Dale and become king.

Gollum leaves the Mountains and begins looking for the "thief" of the Ring.

2948 Théoden, son of Thengel, king of Rohan, is born.
2949 Gandalf and Balin visit Bilbo in the Shire.
2950 Finduilas of Dol Amroth, daughter of Adrahil of Dol Amroth, is born.
2951 Sauron declares his presence in Mordor openly.

Estel comes of age and is told about his heritage. The Corsairs of Umbar officially ally themselves with Mordor and destroy the great monument commemorating Ar-Pharazôn's victory over Sauron.

2953 Last meeting of the White Council.

Saruman takes Isengard for himself.

Turgon, 24th Ruling Steward of Gondor dies. His son Ecthelion II succeeds him.

Fengel, 15th King of Rohan, dies. His son Thengel returns to Rohan to succeed him.

2954 Mount Doom bursts into flame.
2956 Aragorn first meets Gandalf the Grey.
2957 to 2980 Aragorn as Thorongil serves in the armies of King Thengel of Rohan, and Steward Ecthelion II of Gondor.
2968 Frodo Baggins is born. (22 September)
2976 Denethor II marries Finduilas.
2977 Bain, son of Bard, become King of Dale.
2978 Boromir, son of Denethor II, is born.
2980 Thorongil, in the service of the Steward of Gondor Ecthelion II leads a Raid on Umbar and kills the Captain of the Haven.

Arwen pledges her hand in marriage to Aragorn.

Frodo Baggins loses both of his parents in a boating accident.

Samwise Gamgee is born.

Théoden, son of Thengel, becomes 17th King of Rohan after the death of his father. Théoden is the last king of the second line.

2982 Birth of Meriadoc Brandybuck. (Merry)
2983 Birth of Faramir.
2984 Ecthelion II dies, Denethor II becomes 26th Ruling Steward of Gondor.
2989 Frodo Baggins comes under the guardianship of Bilbo Baggins.

A company of Dwarves, led by Balin, try to recolonize Moria.

2990 Birth of Peregrin Took. (Pippin)
2991 Birth of Éomer.
2994 Balin is killed. The Dwarf-colony in Moria is destroyed.
2995 Birth of Éowyn.
3001 Bilbo Baggins turns 111 and leaves the Shire.
3002 Lalia (Clayhanger) Took, the matriarch of the Took clan, dies, aged 119.

Bilbo settles in Rivendell.

3009 Aragorn captures Gollum at Gandalf's request, and brings him as a captive to King Thranduil's halls in Mirkwood.
3014 Saruman begins using his influence to weaken Théoden, King of Rohan.
3018 The Nazgûl are given the task of retrieving the One Ring and attack Osgiliath.

Thranduil's realm is attacked and Gollum escapes.

The traces of Gollum disappear. He gets lost in Moria, but, finally discovering the way to the Doors of Durin, he can't leave. (August)

Gandalf meets Shadowfax, but the horse doesn't allow him to approach. Gandalf pursues Shadowfax far over the fields. (September 21)

Glorfindel attacks three Nazgûl on the Last Bridge. (October 11)

The Council of Elrond is held at Rivendell. (October 25)

The Fellowship of the Ring sets out in the evening. (December 25)

3019 The Fellowship parts after Gandalf falls into Moria while fighting a Balrog. (January 15)

The Breaking of the Fellowship of the Ring.
Meriadoc Brandybuck and Peregrin Took are captured.
Frodo Baggins and Samwise Gamgee penetrate the east part of Emyn Muil.
Aragorn II Elessar, Legolas and Gimli depart in pursuit of the Orcs that have taken Merry and Pippin by night.
Éomer knows of the descent of the band of Orcs from Emyn Muil. (26 February)

Deaths of Gollum, Boromir, Denethor II, Dáin II Ironfoot, Brand, Lotho Sackville-Baggins, Saruman, Gríma Wormtongue, Théoden.

Battles of the Hornburg, Pelennor Fields, Bywater, Dale, Mirkwood, and Black Gate.

The Nazgûl and the One Ring are destroyed. End of Sauron.

Bard II becomes King of Dale and Thorin III Stonehelm becomes King under the Mountain.

Mirkwood is renamed Eryn Lasgalen.

Aragorn takes the Crown and Sceptre of the Reunited Kingdom as King Elessar.

3020 Samwise Gamgee marries Rosie Cotton and together they move into Bag End. (Spring)
3021 Éomer marries Imrahil's daughter, Lothíriel of Dol Amroth.

Bilbo marks his 131st birthday, surpassing the Old Took. (September 22)

Elrond, Galadriel, Gandalf, Frodo and Bilbo depart from the Grey Havens. (September 29)

The Fourth Age begins.


Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Derde Era
Albanian Epokë e Tretë
Amharic ሦስተኛ ዘመን
Arabic العصر الثالث
Armenian Երրորդ Տարիք
Azerbaijani Üçüncü dövr
Basque Hirugarren Aroa
Belarusian Cyrillic Трэцяя эпоха
Bosnian Treće Doba
Breton Trede Oad
Bulgarian Cyrillic Трета възраст
Burmese တတိယခေတ်
Cambodian អាយុទីបី
Catalan Tercera Època
Cebuano Ikatulo Edad
Chinese (Hong Kong) 第三紀元
Croatian Treća Dob
Czech Třetí věk
Danish Tredje Alder
Dutch Derde Era
Esperanto Tria Aĝo
Estonian Kolmanda ajastu
Fijian Ikatolu ni yabaki
Finnish Kolmas aika
French Troisième Âge
Frisian Tredde Âldens
Galician Terceira Idade
Georgian მესამე ეპოქა
German Drittes Zeitalter
Greek Τρίτη Εποχή
Haitian Creole Twazyèm Laj
Hausa Na uku Shekaru
Hebrew העידן השלישי
Hindi तीसरा युग
Hungarian Harmadkor
Icelandic Þriðja Aldri
Indonesian Ketiga Jaman
Irish Gaelic Tríú Tréimhse
Italian Terza Era
Japanese 第三紀
Javanese Telung Umur
Kannada ಮೂರನೇ ವಯಸ್ಸು
Kazakh Үшінші дәуір (Cyrillic) Üşinşi däwir (Latin)
Korean 제3시대
Kyrgyz Cyrillic үчүнчү жашы
Latin Tertia Aetas
Latvian Trešais laikmets
Lithuanian Trečiasis amžius
Lombard Terza Età
Luxembourgish Drëtten Zäitalter
Macedonian Cyrillic Третото Доба
Malaysian Usia Ketiga
Malayalam മൂന്നാം പ്രായം
Maltese It-tielet Età
Marathi तिसऱ्या युग
Mongolian Cyrillic Гурав дахь Нас
Nepalese तेस्रो उमेर
Norwegian Tredje tideverv
Occitan Edat Tresena
Pashto دریم عمر
Persian دوران سوم
Polish Trzecia Era
Portuguese Terceira Era
Punjabi ਤੀਜਾ ਉਮਰ
Romanian Treilea Ev
Romansh Temps Terz
Russian Третья Эпоха
Scottish Gaelic Treas Linn
Serbian Треће доба (Cyrillic) Treće doba (Latin)
Shona Wechitatu Zera
Sindhi ٽيون عمر
Sinhalese තුන්වන වයස
Slovak Tretí Vek
Slovenian Tretji vek
Somalian Da'da Saddexaad
Spanish Tercera Edad
Sundanese Katilu Jaman
Swahili Zama za ya Tatu
Swedish Tredje Åldern
Tajik Cyrillic Синну сеюм
Tamil மூன்றாம் காலம்
Telugu మూడో వయసు
Thai ยุคที่สามแห่ง
Turkish Üçüncü Çağ
Ukrainian Cyrillic Третя епоха
Uzbek Учинчи Йош (Cyrillic) Uchinchi Yosh (Latin)
Vietnamese Kỳ thứ ba
Welsh Y Trydydd Oes
Xhosa Ubudala wesithathu
Yiddish דריט צייט
Yoruba Kẹta Ori