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History of Arda


Valian Years

Days before days
Years of the Trees

Years of the Sun

Ages of Awakening

First Age
Second Age
Third Age
Fourth Age

Dagor Dagorath

Timeline of Arda
Quentin Lowagie - Arda in the Third Age

Arda during the Third Age

The Third Age was the Age of Arda that lasted for 3021 years, from the first defeat of Sauron by the forces of the Last Alliance and the deaths of Elendil and Gil-galad, to the departure of Gandalf, Galadriel, Elrond, Bilbo, and Frodo to the Undying Lands after Sauron's final downfall during the Great War of the Ring.

The Age was one of transition, as the time of the Elves gave way to the rule of Men. The first millennium was mostly peaceful, marked by the growing power of Gondor and peace and prosperity for the lands of the West. However with the return of the shadow, evil began to grow once more, leading to war and other calamities.


Note on Shire-reckoning: Year 1601 of the Third Age, in which the Shire was founded, is year 1 of the Shire-reckoning. Thus, Third Age years can be converted into their Shire equivalents by deducting 1600.

Year Events
TA 2 The planting of the Second White Tree at Minas Anor, Isildur killed by Orcs in the Disaster of the Gladden Fields. Isildur loses the One Ring in the Anduin.

Meneldil becomes King of Gondor.

3 Ohtar brings the shards of Narsil to Imladris.
10 Valandil formally takes the Sceptre of Annúminas as third High King of Arnor.
109 Elrond weds Celebrían, daughter of Celeborn and Galadriel.
130 Elladan and Elrohir are born to Elrond and Celebrían.
241 Arwen Undómiel is born to Elrond and Celebrían.
420 King Ostoher rebuilds Minas Anor.
492 The Easterlings invade Gondor.
500 King Tarostar successfully defeats the Easterlings, and he changes his name to Rómendacil, meaning "East Victor".
541 Easterlings invade Gondor once more, slaying King Rómendacil.
*c.550 King Turambar of Gondor defeats the Easterlings of Rhûn; the Northmen of Rhovanion become allies of Gondor.
830 King Siriondil of Gondor passes. His elder son Tarannon begins the line of Ship-kings.
861 King Eärendur of Arnor dies, his sons dispute the succession and Arnor is divided into three smaller Realms. Arthedain, Cardolan and Rhudaur will fight over Weathertop Hill and the Tower of Amon Sûl for hundreds of years to come.

Annúminas starts to fall into ruin.

933 Eärnil I of Gondor takes Umbar in a surprise attack.
936 Eärnil I lost at sea.
1000 The Wizards come to Middle-earth.
1015 The Black Númenóreans besiege Umbar in an attempt to recapture the city. King Ciryandil of Gondor is slain in the siege, Ciryaher takes the throne.
1050 Ciryaher conquers Harad and takes the name of Hyarmendacil meaning South-victor.

Gondor reaches the height of its power.

The Harfoots cross the Misty Mountains into Eriador.

Sauron takes up abode at Dol Guldur.

Greenwood is renamed Mirkwood.

1149 Death of Hyarmendacil I.

Atanatar II the Glorious takes the crown of Gondor. Under his rule, the power of Gondor begins to wane.

1150 The Fallohides migrate to Eriador.
1248 Minalcar, the "Regent of the realm" of Gondor, strikes a decisive blow to the Easterlings and forms a strong alliance with the men of Rhovanion.
1250 Minalcar sends his son, Valacar to Rhovanion as an emissary.

Valacar falls in love with Vidumavi, daughter of Vidugavia 'King' of Rhovanion.

1255 Eldacar born.
*c. 1259 Castamir the Usurper born.
1300 The shadow over Middle-earth lengthens.

The Witch-realm of Angmar is formed north of Rhudaur under the rule of the Witch-king of Angmar, later revealed to be the Lord of the Nazgûl.

The Nazgûl begin to reappear. Orcs begin to infest the Misty Mountains.

1304 On the death of his father King Calmacil, Minalcar becomes King of Gondor as Rómendacil II.
1344 Death of Vidumavi.
1356 King Argeleb I of Arthedain is killed in defence of the Weather Hills during an invasion by Rhudaur, now controlled by the Witch-realm of Angmar, his son, Arveleg I, ascends the throne.
1366 Valacar ascends the throne of Gondor.
1409 Cardolan is ravaged and Rhudaur annexed by the Witch-realm of Angmar.

The great watch-tower upon Weathertop Hill, and the other fortifications throughout the Weather Hills are burned and destroyed. Arveleg I is slain in battle. Fornost Erain is attacked but successfully defended by the new King Araphor.

1432 Eldacar succeeds his father, Valacar, as King of Gondor.

Castamir the Usurper, Lord of Ships, and a large following of Nobles are distressed by the half-blood King. They rebel and the Kin-strife begins.

1437 Castamir besieges and captures Osgiliath. The palantír is lost in the Anduin, the Dome of Stars is destroyed and the city sacked.

Eldacar flees Gondor, his son and heir Ornendil is captured by Castamir and executed.

1447 Eldacar reclaims Gondor with an army of Northmen and kills Castamir at the Battle of the Crossings of Erui.

Castamir's sons take refuge in Pelargir, Eldacar lays siege.

1448 The sons of Castamir the Usurper and most of the fleet of Gondor flee south to Umbar, and become known as the Corsairs of Umbar.
1490 Death of Eldacar; his son Aldamir becomes King.
1540 King Aldamir of Gondor is slain by Haradrim.
1551 King Vinyarion of Gondor wins a great victory over the Haradrim, taking the name Hyarmendacil II.
1589 The death of Araphor. Argeleb II becomes the tenth King of Arthedain.
1601 Two Fallohide brothers Marcho and Blanco decided to cross the River Baranduin, later Brandywine and settle on the other side, and are followed by large numbers of Hobbits. King Argeleb II gives permission for the founding of the Shire.
1634 The Corsairs of Umbar attack Gondor, slaying king Minardil at Pelargir, and sacking the city.
1636 The Great Plague decimates Gondor and Rhovanion, the watch on Mordor is abandoned.
1640 Minas Anor becomes the capital of Gondor. Osgiliath begins to fall into ruin.
1670 The death of Argeleb II. Arvegil becomes the eleventh King of Arthedain.
1743 The death of Arvegil. Arveleg II becomes the twelfth King of Arthedain.
1810 King Telumehtar of Gondor recaptures Umbar and takes the title Umbardacil.
1851 Beginning of the Wars of the Wainriders.

King Araval of Arthedain wins a victory over Angmar.

1856 The Wainriders first major assault on Gondor. Eastern territories of Gondor lost; King Narmacil II slain in the Battle of the Plains. The Northmen of Rhovanion are enslaved, save for the Éothéod, who escape to the west.
1899 King Calimehtar of Gondor attacks the Wainriders, is victorious in the Second Battle of Dagorlad.

The Men of Rhovanion, occupied by Wainriders, rebel.

1900 The White Tower is built in Minas Anor.
1936 Ondoher succeeds Calimehtar as King of Gondor.
1944 During an invasion by the Wainriders and the Haradrim, King Ondoher of Gondor is killed in battle along with both his sons. The Gondorian general Eärnil defeats their Haradrim allies in the Battle of South Ithilien and then destroys the Wainriders at the Battle of the Camp; Arvedui, son-in-law of Ondoher claims the Crown of Gondor.
1945 After a disputed succession, Eärnil II is crowned King of Gondor.
1964 Arvedui, son of King Araphant of Arthedain, ascends the throne.
1974 Arthedain is conquered by the Witch-realm of Angmar.
1975 Gondor destroys the Witch-realm of Angmar in the Battle of Fornost.

Death of Arvedui.

1976 Aranarth assumes the title Chieftain of the Dúnedain, the Dúnedain of Arnor go into hiding.
1979 The Shire-folk create the office of Shire-thain to assume the functions of the lost king.
1980 The Khazad-dûm Dwarves awaken Durin's Bane, a Balrog, which kills Durin VI, King of Khazad-dûm.

The Witch-king of Angmar returns to Mordor.

1981 Durin VI's son, Náin I, is also killed, and the Dwarves flee Khazad-dûm, which becomes known as Moria.

Amroth and Nimrodel are lost at sea.

1999 The Dwarf Kingdom under the Mountain (Erebor) is founded. About this time Vorondil the Hunter, son of Pelendur, hunts the Kine of Araw in the fields of Rhûn.
2000 The Witch-king besieges Minas Ithil
2002 Minas Ithil falls, becomes Minas Morgul. Minas Anor is renamed Minas Tirith.
2050 The line of kings fails in Gondor. The rule of the Stewards of Gondor begins.
2060 As the power of Dol Guldur grows, the Wise suspect it is Sauron taking shape again.
2063 Gandalf goes to Dol Guldur to determine the identity of the Necromancer. Sauron withdraws before he can do so.

The Watchful Peace begins.

2430 The approximate birth year of Sméagol.
2460 Sauron returns to Dol Guldur in Southern Mirkwood.

The Watchful Peace ends.

2463 The White Council is formed

Sméagol (later known as Gollum) becomes the fourth master of the One Ring, after killing his cousin Déagol.

2475 The Uruks of Mordor attack Osgiliath, destroying the bridge and completing the ruin of the city. They are driven back to Minas Morgul by Boromir.
2485 Eorl the Young is born.
2501 Eorl the Young, becomes Lord of the Éothéod.
2509 Cirion, Steward of Gondor, sends summons to Éothéod for military aid from the people of the same name.

Celebrían is waylaid by Orcs, receives a poisoned wound, and subsequently departs Middle-earth.

2510 The Balchoth invade Gondor, conquering much of Calenardhon, but are driven back by Eorl the Young and the Éothéod in the Battle of the Field of Celebrant.

Gondor gives the now-uninhabited province of Calenardhon to the Éothéod. The Kingdom of Rohan is founded. The alliance between Rohan and Gondor comes into existence.

Celebrían is rescued by her sons Elladan and Elrohir, but although her body is healed by Elrond from the torments of the Orcs, her mind is not. She departs for Valinor.

2512 Birth of Brego.
2544 Birth of Aldor ('the Old').
2545 Eorl the Young, 1st King of Rohan, dies in the battle on the Wold against the Easterlings.

Brego succeeds him as the 2nd King of Rohan.

2569 Completion of the Golden Hall of Meduseld in Rohan.
2570 Aldor, aged only 26, becomes 3rd King of Rohan at the death of his father Brego.

Dragons reappear in the far north, coming into conflict with the Dwarves.

2594 Birth of Fréawine.
2645 Fréa becomes 4th king of Rohan after the death of his father Aldor ('the Old').
2659 Fréawine, becomes 5th King of Rohan.
2670 Tobold Hornblower begins growing pipe-weed in the Shire, and he is the first one to do so.
2680 Goldwine, becomes 6th King of Rohan.
2698 Ecthelion I rebuilds the White Tower of Minas Tirith
2699 Déor, becomes 7th King of Rohan.
2710 Isengard is occupied by Dunlendings.
2718 Gram, becomes 8th King of Rohan.
2741 Helm Hammerhand 9th King of Rohan ascends the throne.
2746 Thorin II, son of Thráin II, is born.
2747 The Shire-folk led by Bandobras "Bullroarer" Took win a battle against a band of Orcs in the Green Fields district of the Northfarthing.
2758 Dunlendings, under Wulf, invade Rohan, supported by the Easterlings and Corsairs of Umbar.
Long Winter 2758 to TA 2759 The Dunlendings take Edoras and lay siege to the Hornburg.
2759 Helm Hammerhand, King of Rohan, dies of hunger and exposure. He is succeeded by his nephew Fréaláf Hildeson who drives out the Dunlendings.

Saruman settles in Isengard.

2763 Balin is born.
2767 Dáin II is born.
2770 Smaug lays waste to the town of Dale and captures Erebor with all of its treasure. The surviving Dwarves there are driven into exile.
2783 Glóin is born.
2790 Thrór is murdered by Azog in Moria. Dwarves from all over Middle-earth begin their preparations for war.
2793 The War of the Dwarves and Orcs begins.
2798 Fréaláf Hildeson, 10th King of Rohan, dies. He is followed by his son Brytta Léofa.
2799 The Battle of Azanulbizar is fought at Moria's East Gate, in which the Dwarves defeat Sauron's minions, but are unable to enter Moria due to the Balrog Durin's Bane.

War of the Dwarves and Orcs ends. Some Orc survivors flee south to the White Mountains.

2842 Brytta Léofa, 11th King of Rohan, dies. Succeeded by his son Walda.
2845 Thráin II is captured by Sauron and imprisoned in Dol Guldur.
2850 Gandalf enters Dol Guldur and confirms that the evil thereby found is indeed Sauron returned. He finds the dying Thráin II in the dungeons and is given Thrór's Map and the Key to the Side-door.
2851 Gandalf urges the White Council to attack Dol Guldur, but is overruled by Saruman (who seeks the One Ring for himself).

Walda, 12th King of Rohan, is killed by an Orc, his son Folca succeeds him.

2859 Fíli and Kíli, the sons of Dis and nephews of Thorin II, are born.
2864 Folca, 13th King of Rohan, is killed by the great boar of Everholt. He is succeeded by his son Folcwine.

The Orcs in the White Mountains are wiped out.

2872 The White Tree of Gondor dies.
2879 Gimli son of Glóin is born.
2885 Harondor is once again claimed by the Haradrim, supported by the Corsairs of Umbar.

Fastred and Folcred, the twin sons of king Folcwine, are killed during the Battle of the Crossings of Poros.

2890 Bilbo Baggins is born. (22 September)
2901 Under pressure from Orc raids, Gondor abandons Ithilien, but establishes the Rangers of Ithilien and constructs hidden refuges to harass the enemy.
2903 Folcwine, 14th King of Rohan, dies and is succeeded by his youngest son Fengel.
2905 Birth of Thengel.
2907 Birth of Gilraen (later wife of Arathorn II).
Fell Winter of 2911 to 2912 White Wolves invade the Shire.

Tharbad is ruined in the aftermath of the great floods.

2930 Arador is killed by Hill-trolls. Arathorn II becomes the 15th Chieftain of the Dúnedain.

Denethor II is born.

2931 Birth of Aragorn II, son of Arathorn II and Gilraen.
2933 Arathorn II is killed while hunting Orcs.
2941 Bilbo Baggins leaves Bag-End with Thorin II and company. (April 27)

Bilbo Baggins obtains the One Ring. (July)

The White Council drives Sauron out of Dol Guldur.

Lake-town is attacked by the dragon Smaug, who is killed by Bard the Bowman.

The Battle of Five Armies

Deaths of Thorin II, Fíli and Kíli. Dáin II becomes King under the Mountain.

2942 Bilbo returns to the Shire with the Ring.

Sauron returns in secret to Mordor.

2944 Bard rebuilds Dale and become king.

Gollum leaves the Mountains and begins looking for the "thief" of the Ring.

2948 Théoden, son of Thengel, king of Rohan, is born.
2949 Gandalf and Balin visit Bilbo in the Shire.
2950 Finduilas of Dol Amroth, daughter of Adrahil of Dol Amroth, is born.
2951 Sauron declares his presence in Mordor openly.

Estel comes of age and is told about his heritage. The Corsairs of Umbar officially ally themselves with Mordor and destroy the great monument commemorating Ar-Pharazôn's victory over Sauron.

2953 Last meeting of the White Council.

Saruman takes Isengard for himself.

Turgon, 24th Ruling Steward of Gondor dies. His son Ecthelion II succeeds him.

Fengel, 15th King of Rohan, dies. His son Thengel returns to Rohan to succeed him.

2954 Mount Doom bursts into flame.
2956 Aragorn first meets Gandalf the Grey.
2957 to 2980 Aragorn as Thorongil serves in the armies of King Thengel of Rohan, and Steward Ecthelion II of Gondor.
2968 Frodo Baggins is born. (22 September)
2976 Denethor II marries Finduilas.
2977 Bain, son of Bard, become King of Dale.
2978 Boromir, son of Denethor II, is born.
2980 Thorongil, in the service of the Steward of Gondor Ecthelion II leads a raid on Umbar and overthrows the Captain of the Haven in the battle upon the quays.

Arwen pledges her hand in marriage to Aragorn.

Frodo Baggins loses both of his parents in a boating accident.

Samwise Gamgee is born.

Théoden, son of Thengel, becomes 17th King of Rohan after the death of his father. Théoden is the last king of the second line.

2982 Birth of Meriadoc Brandybuck. (Merry)
2983 Birth of Faramir.
2984 Ecthelion II dies, Denethor II becomes 26th Ruling Steward of Gondor.
2987 The birth of Elphir, son of Prince Imrahil.
2989 Frodo Baggins comes under the guardianship of Bilbo Baggins.

A company of Dwarves, led by Balin, try to recolonize Moria.

2990 Birth of Peregrin Took. (Pippin)
2991 Birth of Éomer.
2994 Balin is killed. The colony in Moria is destroyed.
2995 Birth of Éowyn.
3000 Saruman begins using the Palantír in the Tower of Orthanc and is soon ensnared and corrupted by Sauron who also has a Palantír. He soon becomes a traitor employing spies who soon report to him that the Rangers are responsible for watching the Shire.
3001 Bilbo Baggins turns 111 and leaves the Shire. The One Ring passes to Frodo Baggins. Gandalf enlists Aragorn's help in tracking Gollum.
3002 Lalia (Clayhanger) Took, the matriarch of the Took-clan, dies, aged 119.

Bilbo settles in Rivendell.

3009 Aragorn captures Gollum at Gandalf's request, and brings him as a captive to the Elvenking's Halls in Mirkwood.
3014 Saruman begins using his influence to weaken Théoden, King of Rohan.
3017 Gandalf finds the Scroll of Isildur detailing the One Ring, in the archives of Minas Tirith.
3018 The Ringwraiths are given the task of retrieving the One Ring.

Gandalf returns to the Shire telling Frodo Baggins he must take the Ring away. (April 12)

Gandalf meets Aragorn at Sarn Ford to discuss Frodo's plan. (May 1)

Sauron attacks Osgiliath. Around the same time, Thranduil's realm is attacked and Gollum escapes. (June 20)

Gandalf leaves the Shire for news in the south. (End of June)

Gandalf writes a letter to Frodo from Bree. (Mid-year's Day)

Boromir leaves Minas Tirith. (July 4)

Gandalf is arrested in the Tower of Orthanc. (July 10)

All traces of Gollum disappear. It is considered that, around this time, being hunted by Elves and by the servants of Sauron, he takes refuge in Moria, but when he finally discovers the way to the Doors of Durin, he cannot leave. (August)

Gandalf escapes the Tower of Orthanc in the first hours of the day. The Ringwraiths cross the Isen. (September 18)

Gandalf goes to Edoras like a beggar, and his entrance is not allowed. (September 19)

Gandalf gains entry into Edoras. Théoden orders that he leaves: "Choose any horse, but leave before the end of the day of tomorrow!" (September 20)

Gandalf encounters Shadowfax, but the horse doesn't allow him to approach. Gandalf pursues Shadowfax for a long way in the hills. (September 21)

The Ringwraiths arrive at Sarn Ford at afternoon and drive away the Rangers guarding it. Gandalf reaches Shadowfax. (September 22)

Four Ringwraiths enter the Shire before dawn. The others pursue the Rangers eastward and later return to watch. A Ringwraith arrives in Hobbiton at nightfall. Frodo, Sam, and Pippin leave Bag-End. Gandalf, having tamed Shadowfax, departs Rohan. (September 23)

Gandalf crosses the Isen. Frodo meets and travels with Gildor Inglorion of the House of Finrod in Green-Hill Country. (September 24)

Frodo spends the night at Crickhollow. (September 25)

Frodo, Sam, Pippin, and Merry enter the Old Forest and find Tom Bombadil. (September 26)

Second night in Underhill. (September 27)

The hobbits are captured by a Barrow-wight. Gandalf reaches Sarn Ford. (September 28)

The hobbits arrive at Bree at nightfall. Gandalf visits Hamfast Gamgee. Aragorn meets Frodo in The Prancing Pony. (September 29)

Aragorn leaves Bree with Frodo and company and they pass through the Chetwood. (September 30)

Gandalf arrives in Bree. (October 1)

Aragorn and the hobbits enter the Midgewater Marshes and encounter Neekerbreekers. (October 2)

Gandalf is attacked during the night at the ruins of the Tower of Amon Sûl. (October 3)

The night at Weathertop Hill. The Nazgûl locate Aragorn and the four hobbits. Frodo Baggins is stabbed by a Morgul-knife. (October 6)

Glorfindel leaves Rivendell looking for Frodo. (October 9)

Glorfindel expels the Ringwraiths from the Last Bridge. (October 11)

Aragorn and the hobbits cross the bridge. (October 13)

Glorfindel picks up the hobbits' trail west of the Hoarwell and follows them, while they climb through the Trollshaws. (October 14)

Frodo and company find the trolls that Bilbo met. Glorfindel finds Frodo in the afternoon. Gandalf arrives at Rivendell. (October 18)

Escape beyond Bruinen. (October 20)

Frodo awakes in the House of Elrond with Gandalf at his side. Boromir arrives at Rivendell by nightfall. (October 24)

The Council of Elrond at Rivendell. (October 25)

The Fellowship of the Ring sets out in the evening. (December 25)

3019 The Fellowship arrives in Hollin (Eregion). (January 8)

Snow above Caradhras. (January 11, 12)

Attack of wolves in the first hours of the day. The Fellowship arrives at the Doors of Durin by nightfall. Gollum begins to follow the traces of the Ring-bearer. (January 13)

Night in the Twenty-first Hall of North end in Moria. (January 14)

The Fellowship flees Moria after Gandalf falls from the Bridge of Khazad-dûm while fighting a Balrog. (January 15)

The Fellowship arrives at Caras Galadhon in the evening. (January 17)

Gandalf pursues the Balrog to the peak of Zirakzigil. (January 23)

Gandalf slays the Balrog and dies. His body stays on the peak. (January 25)

Frodo looks into the Mirror of Galadriel, Gandalf returns to life. (February 14)

Farewell to Lórien. Gollum, hidden on the west bank of the Anduin, observes the departure. (February 16)

Gwaihir transports Gandalf to Lórien. (February 17)

The boats are attacked by night close to the Rapids of Sarn Gebir. (February 23)

The Fellowship passes by the Argonath and camps in Parth Galen. First Battle of the Fords of Isen. Théodred, King Théoden's son is slain in the battle. (February 25)

The Breaking of the Fellowship of the Ring. Death of Boromir; his horn is heard in Minas Tirith shortly before his death. Meriadoc Brandybuck and Peregrin Took are captured. Frodo and Sam penetrate the east part of Emyn Muil. Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli depart in pursuit of the Orcs by night. Éomer knows of the descent of the band of Orcs from Emyn Muil. (February 26)

Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli reach the East Wall of Rohan by sunrise. Éomer, against the orders of Théoden, departs the Westfold by midnight, pursuing the Orcs. (February 27)

Éomer and his Éored find the Orcs around Fangorn Forest and slay them. (February 28)

Merry and Pippin escape and find Treebeard. Frodo and Sam find Gollum. Faramir sees the funerary boat of Boromir. (February 29)

The Entmoot begins. Éomer, returning to Edoras, encounters Aragorn. (February 30)

Frodo and Sam begin to cross the Dead Marshes at sunrise. The Entmoot continues. Aragorn finds Gandalf, the White. They depart for Edoras. Faramir leaves Minas Tirith and goes to Ithilien on a mission. (March 1)

Frodo and Sam arrive at the end of the Marshes. Gandalf arrives at Edoras and cures Théoden. The King and his men ride west against Saruman. The Second Battle of the Fords of Isen. Erkenbrand is defeated. Finish of the Entmoot by nightfall. The Ents march to Isengard, arriving there by midnight. (March 2)

Théoden goes to Helm's Deep. Beginning of the Battle of the Hornburg. The Ents complete the destruction of Isengard at 9 pm. (March 3)

The Battle of the Hornburg ends at dawn, when Gandalf arrives with Erkenbrand and the Rohirrim, killing the remaining Uruk-hai with the aid of the Huorns. Théoden and Gandalf ride to Isengard. (March 4)

Théoden arrives at Isengard by midday. Talking with Saruman in Orthanc. A Nazgûl upon his Black Wing flies over the encampment at Dol Baran. (March 5)

Gandalf departs to Minas Tirith with Pippin. Frodo, Sam and Gollum hide close to the Black Gate, and depart in twilight. (March 6)

Battle of Ithilien, Frodo and Sam are taken by Faramir to Henneth Annûn. (March 7)

Frodo departs Henneth Annûn. (March 8)

Gandalf arrives at Minas Tirith. Faramir departs from Henneth Annûn. Aragorn departs from the Hill of Erech and arrives at Calembel. At twilight, Frodo, Sam and Gollum reach the Cross-roads of the Fallen King. Arrival of Imrahil and men of the southern fiefs of Gondor in Minas Tirith. The darkness of Mordor begins to spread. (March 9)

The Dawnless Day. The Muster of Rohan: the Rohirrim depart. Faramir rescued by Gandalf before the Great Gate of the City. An army from the Black Gate takes Cair Andros and invades Anórien. Frodo, Sam and Gollum watch the army leaving Minas Morgul. (March 10)

Gollum visits Shelob but, seeing Frodo sleeping, is almost sorry. Denethor II sends Faramir to Osgiliath. (March 11)

Gollum takes Frodo to Shelob's lair. Osgiliath is lost, Faramir defends the Causeway Forts. (March 12)

Frodo, after escaping Shelob's cave, is attacked by Shelob and poisoned. Gollum, who wants the One Ring, attacks Sam.  Sam defeats him and Gollum escapes. Sam fights off Shelob, who flees wounded. Sam thinks that Frodo is dead and takes the One Ring. Frodo is captured by Orcs under the command of Shagrat and imprisoned in the Tower of Cirith Ungol. The Pelennor Fields are invaded. Faramir is badly wounded. (March 13)

Battle of Dale. Deaths of Brand and Dáin II. Bard II becomes King of Dale and Thorin III becomes King under the Mountain. (March 14-17)

The Siege of Gondor. Minas Tirith is enclosed by Orc armies, who attack the city using catapults. The Nazgûl, under the command of the Witch-king of Angmar, mounted on their Black Wings, attack the city from above. By nightfall, the powerful battering ram Grond tries to break the Great Gate of the City. (March 14)

In the first hours of the day, Grond destroys the Great Gate of the City. Denethor, maddened, tries to burn himself and the wounded Faramir on a pyre. He orders his servants to bring him wood and oil. The horns of the Rohirrim are heard at dawn: Théoden and his army arrive to help Gondor, the Battle of the Pelennor Fields begins. Gandalf and Pippin save Faramir, but Denethor burns himself on the pyre. The Rohirrim break the siege lines, but Gothmog sends in Mordor's reserves. Haradrim legions arrive with Mûmakil, and the Rohirrim start to be pushed back. The Witch-king orders his Black Wing to attack Théoden. He falls to the ground and his horse crushes him. Dernhelm (revealed to be Éowyn) attacks the Witch-king's Black Wing, and slays it in a single strike. The Witch-king is then slain by her and by Meriadoc Brandybuck. Aragorn, Legolas and Gimli arrive with men from southern Gondor and Mordor's army is defeated. Samwise rescues Frodo from the Tower of Cirith Ungol. The two finally reach Mordor. (March 15)

Battle under the trees. (March 15) Months later, Mirkwood is renamed Eryn Lasgalen.

Debate of the Captains of the West outside Minas Tirith. Frodo observes Mount Doom. (March 16)

The Army of the West under the command of Aragorn departs Minas Tirith for the Black Gate of Mordor. (March 18)

The army arrives at the Morgul Vale. Frodo and Sam begin their journey to Mount Doom (March 19)

Ambush in Ithilien, a force of Easterlings and Haradrim attempt to ambush the Army of the West but are thwarted by the Rangers of Ithilien. (March 21)

Frodo and Sam abandon the road and go directly across the Plateau of Gorgoroth to Mount Doom. (March 22)

The Army of the West leaves Ithilien. Aragorn sends the wavering to retake Cair Andros. Frodo and Sam get rid of their Orc armor disguise. (March 23)

Frodo and Samwise make their journey to the roots of Mount Doom. The army camps before the Morannon. (March 24)

The Battle of the Morannon. The Army of the West is encircled by the much more numerous Orc army. While they fight, the eight remaining Nazgûl and their Black Wings arrive, but the Great Eagles arrive to help, battling the Nazgûl and their Black Wings. Frodo and Samwise, exhausted and starving, arrive at the Sammath Naur. Gollum, supposedly dead, reappears and attacks Frodo and Sam. Sam fights Gollum, who stays behind while Frodo, who enters the Cracks of Doom. When about to destroy the One Ring, Frodo stops, and puts on the Ring, claiming it as his own, and disappears. Sensing that the Ring is inside Mount Doom, Sauron sends the surviving Nazgûl to fly to Mount Doom. Gollum takes the One Ring, trips and falls into Mount Doom's lava, dying. The One Ring is destroyed. Sauron and his armies are destroyed. Frodo and Samwise are rescued from Mount Doom by Gandalf and the Eagles. (March 25)

Aragorn is crowned King Elessar of the Reunited Kingdom; Gandalf helps Aragorn to find the sapling of the new White Tree. (May 1)

Aragorn marries Arwen Undómiel. (Mid-year's Day (between June and July))

King Théoden is laid to rest in the Barrowfield outside Edoras. Announcement of Faramir's and Éowyn's betrothal. (July)

Faramir marries Éowyn. ((Date unspecified))

Death of Lotho Sackville-Baggins.

Battle of Bywater; death of Saruman and Wormtongue; the end of the Great War of the Ring. (November 3)

3020 Samwise Gamgee marries Rose Cotton and together they move into Bag-End. (Spring)
TA 3021 Éomer marries Imrahil's daughter, Lothíriel of Dol Amroth.

Bilbo marks his 131st birthday, surpassing the Old Took. (September 22)

Elrond, Galadriel, Gandalf, Frodo and Bilbo depart from the Grey Havens and go to the Undying Lands. (September 29)

Samwise returns to Bag-End. (October 6)

The Fourth Age begins.


Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Derde Era
Albanian Epokë e Tretë
Amharic ሦስተኛ ዘመን
Arabic العصر الثالث
Armenian Երրորդ Տարիք
Azerbaijani Üçüncü dövr
Basque Hirugarren Aroa
Belarusian Cyrillic Трэцяя эпоха
Bosnian Treće Doba
Breton Trede Oad
Bulgarian Cyrillic Трета възраст
Burmese တတိယခေတ်
Cambodian អាយុទីបី
Catalan Tercera Època
Cebuano Ikatulo Edad
Chinese (Hong Kong) 第三紀元
Croatian Treća Dob
Czech Třetí věk
Danish Tredje Alder
Dutch Derde Era
Esperanto Tria Aĝo
Estonian Kolmanda ajastu
Fijian Ikatolu ni yabaki
Finnish Kolmas aika
French Troisième Âge
Frisian Tredde Âldens
Galician Terceira Idade
Georgian მესამე ეპოქა
German Drittes Zeitalter
Greek Τρίτη Εποχή
Haitian Creole Twazyèm Laj
Hausa Na uku Shekaru
Hebrew העידן השלישי
Hindi तीसरा युग
Hungarian Harmadkor
Icelandic Þriðja Aldri
Indonesian Ketiga Jaman
Irish Gaelic Tríú Tréimhse
Italian Terza Era
Japanese 第三紀
Javanese Telung Umur
Kannada ಮೂರನೇ ವಯಸ್ಸು
Kazakh Үшінші дәуір (Cyrillic) Üşinşi däwir (Latin)
Korean 제3시대
Kyrgyz Cyrillic үчүнчү жашы
Latin Tertia Aetas
Latvian Trešais laikmets
Lithuanian Trečiasis amžius
Lombard Terza Età
Luxembourgish Drëtten Zäitalter
Macedonian Cyrillic Третото Доба
Malaysian Usia Ketiga
Malayalam മൂന്നാം പ്രായം
Maltese It-tielet Età
Marathi तिसऱ्या युग
Mongolian Cyrillic Гурав дахь Нас
Nepalese तेस्रो उमेर
Norwegian Tredje tideverv
Occitan Edat Tresena
Pashto دریم عمر
Persian دوران سوم
Polish Trzecia Era
Portuguese Terceira Era
Punjabi ਤੀਜਾ ਉਮਰ
Romanian Treilea Ev
Romansh Temps Terz
Russian Третья Эпоха
Scottish Gaelic Treas Linn
Serbian Треће Доба (Cyrillic) Treće Doba (Latin)
Shona Wechitatu Zera
Sindhi ٽيون عمر
Sinhalese තුන්වන වයස
Slovak Tretí Vek
Slovenian Tretji vek
Somalian Da'da Saddexaad
Spanish Tercera Edad
Sundanese Katilu Jaman
Swahili Zama za ya Tatu
Swedish Tredje Åldern
Tajik Cyrillic Синну сеюм
Tamil மூன்றாம் காலம்
Telugu మూడో వయసు
Thai ยุคที่สามแห่ง
Turkish Üçüncü Çağ
Ukrainian Cyrillic Третя епоха
Uzbek Учинчи Йош (Cyrillic) Uchinchi Yosh (Latin)
Vietnamese Kỳ thứ ba
Welsh Y Trydydd Oes
Xhosa Ubudala wesithathu
Yiddish דריט צייט
Yoruba Kẹta Ori