|2||The planting of the Second White Tree at Minas Tirith, Death of Isildur by orcs in the Battle of the Gladden Fields. Isildur himself loses the One Ring in the Anduin.|
|3||Ohtar brings the shards of Narsil to Imladris.|
|10||Valandil becomes the 3rd King of Arnor.|
|109||Elrond weds Celebrían, daughter of Celeborn and Galadriel.|
|130||Elladan and Elrohir are born to Elrond and Celebrían.|
|241||Arwen Undómiel is born to Elrond and Celebrían.|
|420||King Ostoher rebuilds Minas Tirith.|
|492||The Easterlings invade Gondor.|
|500||King Tarostar successfully defeats the Easterlings, and he changes his name to Rómendacil, meaning "East Victor".|
|541||Easterlings invade Gondor once more, slaying King Rómendacil.|
|*c.550||King Turambar of Gondor defeats the Easterlings of Rhûn; the Kingdom of Rhovanion becomes an ally of Gondor.|
|861||King Eärendur of Arnor dies, his sons dispute over the Kingdom and after a bloody civil war, Arnor is divided into three smaller Realms. Arthedain, Cardolan and Rhudaur will dispute over the Weather Hills and other territories for hundreds of years to come.|
|933||Eärnil I of Gondor takes Umbar in a surprise attack.|
|936||Eärnil I lost at sea.|
|1000||The Istari come to Middle-earth.|
|1015||The Haradrim besiege Umbar in an attempt to recapture the city. King Ciryandil of Gondor is slain in the siege, Ciryaher takes the throne.|
|1050||Ciryaher conquers Harad and takes up the name of Hyarmendacil meaning Southern-Victor.
Gondor reaches the height of its power.
Sauron takes up his abode at Dol Guldur.
|1149||Death of Hyarmendacil I.
|1150||The Fallohides migrate to Eriador.|
|*c. 1200||Rulers of the Kingdom of Rhovanion assume the title "King of Rhovanion"|
|1248||Rómendacil II, the Regent of Gondor strikes a decisive blow to the Easterlings, forms a strong alliance with Rhovanion, to which he cedes all the lands east of Anduin.|
|1250||Rómendacil II sends his son, Valacar to Rhovanion as an emissary.
Valacar falls in love with Vidumavi, Vidugavia, the King of Rhovanion's daughter.
|*c. 1259||Castamir the Usurper born.|
|1300||The shadow over Middle-earth lengthens.
The Nazgûl begin to reappear. Orcs begin to infest the Misty Mountains.
|1344||Death of Vidumavi.|
|1356||King Argeleb I of Arthedain is killed in defence of the Weather Hills during an invasion by Rhudaur, now controlled by Angmar; his son, Arveleg I, ascends the throne.|
|1366||Valacar ascends the throne of Gondor.|
|1409||Cardolan is ravaged by the kingdom of Angmar and Rhudaur is terminated.
|1410||Carn Dûm is besieged by an army of Elves.|
|1432||Eldacar succeeds his father, Valacar, as King of Gondor.
Castamir the Usurper, Lord of the Ships, and a large following of Nobles are distressed by the half-blood King. They lay siege to Osgiliath.
|1437||Castimir breaks into Osgilliath. The Palantir is lost in the Anduin and the Dome of Stars is destroyed.
Eldacar flees Gondor, his son, Ornendil is captured by Castimir and executed.
|1447||Eldacar reclaims Gondor with an army of Northmen and kills Castamir at the Battle of the Crossings of Erui.
Castimir's sons take refuge in Pelagir, Eldacar lays siege.
|1448||The sons of Castamir the Usurper and most of the fleet of Gondor flee south to Umbar, and become known as the Corsairs of Umbar.|
|1540||King Aldamir of Gondor is slain by Haradrim in the Siege of Umbar.|
|1600||Two Fallohide brothers Marcho and Blanco decided to cross the River Baranduin, later Brandywine and settle on the other side, and are followed by large numbers of Hobbits. King Argeleb II gives permission of the founding of the Shire.|
|1601||The Shire is first settled by Hobbits.|
|1634||The Corsairs of Umbar attack Gondor, slaying king Minardil at Pelargir, and raiding the city.|
|1636||The Great Plague decimates Gondor and Rhovanion, the watch on Mordor is abandoned and the Undeeps are deserted.|
|1810||King Telumehtar of Gondor destroys Umbar; renames himself Umbardacil.|
|1851||The Wainriders overrun the Kingdom of Rhovanion.|
|1856||The Wainriders first attack Gondor.|
|1899||Gondor attacks Wainriders from the east.
The Kingdom of Rhovanion, occupied by Wainriders, rebels and is freed.
|1936||Ondoher succeeds Calimehtar as king of Gondor.|
|1944||During an invasion by the Wainriders and the Haradrim, King Ondoher of Gondor is killed in battle without heirs and is succeeded by Eärnil II.
New Corsairs of Umbar emerge.
|1964||Arvedui, son of King Araphant of Arthedain, ascends the throne.|
|1974||The kingdom of Arthedain is conquered by Angmar.|
|1975||Gondor destroys Angmar in the Battle of Fornost.
Death of Arvedui.
|1980||The Moria Dwarves awaken Durin's Bane, a Balrog, which kills Durin VI, king of Khazad-dûm.
|1981||Durin VI's son, Náin, is also killed, and the Dwarves flee Moria.
|1999||Erebor is founded.|
|2050||The end of the royal dynasty of Gondor (until the return of King Elessar).|
|2063||The period of Watchful Peace begins.|
|2430||The approximate birth year of Sméagol.|
|2460||Sauron returns to Middle-earth and establishes himself in Dol Guldur in southern Mirkwood.
The period of Watchful Peace ends.
|2463||Sméagol (later known as Gollum) becomes the fourth master of the One Ring, after killing his cousin Déagol.|
|2501||Eorl the Young, lord of the Éothéod and 1st King of Rohan (2510–2545).|
|2509||Cirion, Steward of Gondor, sends summons to the Éothéod for military aid.
|2510||The alliance between Rohan and Gondor comes into existence. The Easterlings launch a massive invasion of Gondor. The Balchoth invade Rhovanion (which disappears as an independent realm) and Gondor, conquering much of Calenardhon, but are driven back by the people of Éothéod.
Gondor gives the now-uninhabited province of Calenardhon to the people of Éothéod.
|2545||Eorl the Young, 1st King of Rohan, dies in the battle in the Wold against the Easterlings.
Brego succeeds him as the 2nd King of Rohan.
|2570||Aldor, aged only 26, becomes 3rd King of Rohan at the death of his father Brego.|
|2645||Fréa becomes 4th king of Rohan after the death of his father Aldor ('the Old').|
|2659||Fréawine, 5th King of Rohan.|
|2680||Goldwine, 6th King of Rohan.|
|2699||Déor, 7th King of Rohan.|
|2718||Gram, 8th King of Rohan.|
|2741||Helm Hammerhand 9th King of Rohan ascends the throne as last king of the first line.|
|2746||Amrothos, 15th Prince of Dol Amroth, falls while defending Dol-en-Ernil against the Corsairs of Umbar.
|2747||The Hobbits of the Shire led by Bandobras "Bullroarer" Took defeat an Orc invasion at Battle of Greenfields.|
|2758||Dunlendings, under Wulf, invade Rohan, supported by the Corsairs of Umbar.|
|Long Winter 2758 to TA 2759||The Dunlendings lay siege to Hornburg.|
|2758||Helm Hammerhand, King of Rohan, is killed by the Dunlendings. He is succeeded by his nephew Fréaláf Hildeson.
|2763||Balin is born.|
|2770||Erebor is taken over by Smaug.|
|2783||Glóin is born.|
|2793||The War between Dwarves and Orcs begins.|
|2798||Fréaláf Hildeson, 10th King of Rohan, dies. He is followed by his son Brytta Léofa.|
|2799||The Battle of Azanulbizar is fought on Moria's East Gate, in which the Dwarves defeat Sauron's minions, but are defeated by the Balrog Durin's Bane.
War of Dwarves and Orcs ends.
|2842||Brytta Léofa, 11th King of Rohan, dies. Succeeded by his son Walda.|
|2850||Gandalf enters Dol Guldur and confirms that the evil thereby found is indeed Sauron returned.|
|2851||Walda, 12th King of Rohan, is killed by an orc, his son Folca succeeds him.|
|2859||Fili, son of Dis and nephew of Thorin II Oakenshield, is born.|
|2864||Folca, 13th King of Rohan, is killed by the Boar of Everholt. He is succeeded by his son Folcwine.
|2879||Gimli son of Glóin is born.|
|2885||Harondor is once again claimed by the Haradrim, supported by the Corsairs of Umbar.
|2890||Bilbo Baggins is born. (22 September)|
|2903||Folcwine, 14th King of Rohan, dies and is succeeded by his youngest son Fengel.|
|2907||Birth of Gilraen (later wife of Arathorn II).|
|Fell Winter of 2911 to 2912||Wolves invade the Shire.
|2930||Arathorn II becomes the Chieftain of the Dúnedain.
Denethor II is born.
|2931||Birth of Estel, son of Arathorn II and Gilraen.|
|2933||Arathorn II is killed while hunting orcs.|
|2941||Bilbo Baggins obtains the One Ring. (July)
|2942||Bilbo returns to the Shire with the Ring.
Sauron returns in secret to Mordor.
|2944||Bard rebuilds Dale and become king.
Gollum leaves the Mountains and begun his looking for the "thief" of the Ring.
|2948||Théoden, son of Thengel, king of Rohan, is born.|
|2949||Gandalf and Balin visit Bilbo in the Shire.|
|2950||Finduilas, daughter of Adrahil of Dol Amroth, is born.|
|2951||Sauron declares his presence in Mordor openly.
Estel, later known as Aragorn, comes of age and is told about his heritage. The Corsairs of Umbar officially ally themselves with Mordor and destroy great monument commemorating Ar-Pharazôn's victory over Sauron.
|2953||Last meeting of the White Council.
|2956||Aragorn first meets Gandalf the Grey.|
|2857 to 2980||Aragorn as Thorongil serves in the armies of King Thengel of Rohan, and Steward Ecthelion II of Gondor.|
|2968||Frodo Baggins is born. (22 September)|
|2976||Denethor II marries with Finduilas.|
|2977||Bain, son of Bard, become King of Dale.|
|2978||Boromir, son of Denethor II, is born.|
|2980||Aragorn, in the service of the Steward of Gondor Ecthelion II leads a taskforce south and kills the Captain of the Haven, ruler of Umbar.
Frodo Baggins loses both of his parents in a boating accident.
Sam Gamgee born.
|2982||Birth of Meriadoc Brandybuck. (Merry)|
|2983||Birth of Faramir.|
|2989||Frodo Baggins comes under the guardianship of Bilbo Baggins.
|2990||Birth of Peregrin Took. (Pippin)|
|2991||Birth of Éomer.|
|2994||Balin is killed. The dwarf-colony in Moria is destroyed.|
|2995||Birth of Éowyn.|
|3001||Bilbo Baggins turns 111 and leaves the Shire.|
|3002||Lalia Clayhanger, the matriarch of the Took clan, dies, aged 119, and possibly pushed by Pearl Took.
Bilbo settles in Rivendell.
|3009||Aragorn captures Gollum at Gandalf's request, and brings him as a captive to King Thranduil's halls in Mirkwood.|
|3014||Saruman begins using his influence to weaken Théoden, 17th king of Rohan.|
|3018||The Ringwraiths are given the task of retrieving the One Ring|
Gandalf meets Shadowfax, but the horse doesn't allow him to approach. Gandalf pursues Shadowfax far over the fields. (21 September)
The Council of Elrond is held at Rivendell. (25 October)
The Fellowship of the Ring sets out in the evening. (25 December)
|3019||The Fellowship parts after Gandalf falls into Khazad-dûm while fighting a Balrog. (15 January)
The Breaking of the Fellowship of the Ring.
Mirkwood is renamed Eryn Lasgalen.
Aragorn takes the Sceptre of the Reunited Kingdom.
|3020||Faramir marries Éowyn.
|3021||Éomer marries Imrahil's daughter, Lothíriel of Dol Amroth.
Bilbo marks his 131st birthday, surpassing the Old Took. (22 September)
The Fourth Age begins.