First created by the powerful King Rómendacil I, Steward was the traditional title of a chief counsellor to the Kings of Gondor. He was usually an elderly man not from the Royal House chosen for his wisdom and integrity, and was never permitted to go to war nor to go abroad. During the time of the Steward Pelendur, from the famous House of Húrin, the title became hereditary, passing the station of counsellor from father to son, much like the Kingship.
The House of Húrin was founded by one Húrin of Emyn Arnen, Steward to King Minardil, the twenty-fifth King of Gondor. They were of high Númenórean blood, but not descendants of Elendil in the ruling line.
After the death of King Eärnur, who left no heir to the throne of Gondor, the Steward Mardil Voronwë became the first of the Ruling Stewards. Mardil was the first of the Stewards to administer Gondor, and his descendants did so for 25 generations.
The Stewards watched over the throne until it could be reclaimed by a true King of Gondor, an heir of Elendil. When asked by his son Boromir how long a time must pass before a Steward could become a King, if the King did not return, Denethor II replied, "Few years, maybe, in other places of less royalty … In Gondor ten thousand years would not suffice" (reported by Faramir in The Two Towers).
The Stewards never sat on the throne of the King; instead, they sat on a simple chair of black stone placed below it. The symbol of their office was a white rod.
The Quenya name for the title is Arandur , "Servant of the King".
Known Stewards to the King of Gondor
|Stewards to the King of Gondor (Between TA 492 & TA 541 - TA 2050)|
|Possibly many such Stewards since the creation of the office by Rómendacil I, the eighth King of Gondor.)|
|1.||Húrin of Emyn Arnen||(TA 1621 – TA 1634)|
|Unnamed others that served the Kings up until Pelendur|
|2.||Pelendur||(TA 1944 - TA 1998)|
|3.||Vorondil the Hunter||(TA 1998 - TA 2029)|
|4.||Mardil Voronwë||(TA 2029 - TA 2050)|
|No others until Faramir, 969 years later|
|5.||Faramir||(TA 3019 - FO 82)|
|6.||Elboron||(FO 82 - ?)|
Ruling Stewards of Gondor
|The Ruling Stewards of Gondor (TA 2050 - TA 3019)|
|1.||Mardil Voronwë "the Steadfast"||(TA 2050 - TA 2080)|
|2.||Eradan||(TA 2080 - TA 2116)|
|3.||Herion||(TA 2116 - TA 2148)|
|4.||Belegorn||(TA 2148 - TA 2204)|
|5.||Húrin I||(TA 2204 - TA 2244)|
|6.||Túrin I||(TA 2244 - TA 2278)|
|7.||Hador||(TA 2278 - TA 2395)|
|8.||Barahir||(TA 2395 - TA 2412)|
|9.||Dior||(TA 2412 - TA 2435)|
|10.||Denethor I||(TA 2435 - TA 2477)|
|11.||Boromir||(TA 2477 - TA 2489)|
|12.||Cirion||(TA 2489 - TA 2567)|
|13.||Hallas||(TA 2567 - TA 2605)|
|14.||Húrin II||(TA 2605 - TA 2628)|
|15.||Belecthor I||(TA 2628 - TA 2655)|
|16.||Orodreth||(TA 2655 - TA 2685)|
|17.||Ecthelion I||(TA 2685 - TA 2698)|
|18.||Egalmoth||(TA 2698 - TA 2743)|
|19.||Beren||(TA 2743 - TA 2763)|
|20.||Beregond||(TA 2763 - TA 2811)|
|21.||Belecthor II||(TA 2811 - TA 2872)|
|22.||Thorondir||(TA 2872 - TA 2882)|
|23.||Túrin II||(TA 2882 - TA 2914)|
|24.||Turgon||(TA 2914 - TA 2953)|
|25.||Ecthelion II||(TA 2953 - TA 2984)|
|26.||Denethor II||(TA 2984 - TA 3019)|
Soon after the death of Denethor II, Aragorn II Elessar was crowned King. The Steward Faramir, son of Denethor II, surrendered to the King his rod of office, but it was returned to him. Faramir nominally ruled briefly as Steward until Elessar's coronation, but since Faramir rested in the Houses of Healing, Prince Imrahil of Dol Amroth took his place during much of that time. Though Faramir became Steward a month and a half before Elessar became King, Faramir is not considered one of the Ruling Stewards. King Elessar confirmed in Faramir and his descendants the office of Steward of Gondor, and granted him in addition the Princedom of Ithilien, ensuring his line a position as counsellor of the King.
The original model for the Stewards of Gondor is probably the title of steward, a medieval king's follower in Europe. In England there arose a powerful office, that of Lord High Steward, which was the principle advisor to the monarch. The office has fallen into disuse, but remains to this day for coronations only.
|Foreign Language||Translated name|
|Catalan||Senescals de Góndor|
|Dutch||Stadhouders van Gondor|
|Esperanto||Intendantoj de Gondor|
|French||Intendants du Gondor|
|German||Truchsessen von Gondor|
|Italian||Sovrintendente di Gondor|
|Norwegian||Riksforstander av Gondor|
|Portuguese||Intendentes do Gondor|
|Spanish||Regentes de Gondor|
|Swedish||Rikshovmästare av Gondor|
|Ukrainian Cyrillic||Намісники Гондору|
- ↑ 1.0 1.1 1.2 Unfinished Tales, Part Three: The Third Age, II: "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan", Notes