This article is about the real world.

Sir Gawain and the Green Knight, Pearl, and Sir Orfeo is a published set of translations made by J.R.R. Tolkien of three classic Middle English tales, first released by George Allen & Unwin in 1975. The first of them, "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight" from Arthurian legend, was (alongside that of Beowulf) a significant, perpetual task of Tolkien's academic life.

Background

In 1925, J.R.R. Tolkien and colleague E.V. Gordon published a scholarly edition of "Sir Gawain and the Green Knight". A second edition of this translation was prepared by Norman Davis and published in 1967. The book, featuring a text in Middle English with extensive scholarly notes, is frequently confused with the translation into Modern English that Tolkien prepared alongside those of Pearl and Sir Orfeo, later in his life. Many editions of the latter work, first published in 1975, shortly after his death, list Tolkien on the cover as author rather than translator.[1] It is therefore common to see Sir Gawain erroneously ascribed to Tolkien as the original author.[2]

Translations

Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Meneer Gawain en die Groen Ridder
Albanian Zotëri Gawain dhe kalorës i gjelbër
Arabic سير غواين والفارس الأخضر
Armenian Սըր Գավեյնը եւ Կանաչ Ասպետը
Azerbaijani Ser Gawain və Yaşıl cəngavər
Belarusian Cyrillic Гавейн і сэр Зялёны рыцар
Bengali স্যার গওয়াইন এবং গ্রিন নাইট
Bulgarian Cyrillic Сър Гауейн и Зеленият рицар
Catalan Sir Gawain i el cavaller verd
Chinese 高文爵士与绿骑士
Croatian Ser Gawain i Zeleni Vitez
Czech Sir Gawain a Zelený rytíř
Danish Herre Gawan og den Grønne Ridder
Dutch Heer Walewein en de Groene Ridder
Esperanto Sinjoro Gawain kaj la Verda Kavaliro
Filipino Ginoo Gawain at ang Berdeng Kabalyero
Finnish Sir Gawain ja vihreä ritari
French Sire Gauvain et le Chevalier vert
Frisian Hear Gawain en de Griene Ridder
Galician Sir Gauvain e o Cabaleiro Verde
Georgian სერ გავეინი და მწვანე რაინდი
German Sir Gawain und der Grüne Ritter
Greek Κύριε Γκάγουεν και ο Πράσινος ιππότης
Gujarati સર ગવૈન અને ગ્રીન નાઇટ
Hebrew סר גאווין והאביר הירוק
Hindi सर गवेन और ग्रीन नाइट
Hungarian Úr Gawain és a zöld lovag
Icelandic Herra Gawain og Grænn Riddari
Ido Sir Gawain e la Verda Kavaliero
Indonesian Tuan Gawain dan satria Hijau
Irish Gaelic Sir Gawain agus an ridire Glas
Italian Sir Gawain e il Cavaliere Verde o Sir Galvano e il Cavaliere Verde
Japanese サー・ガワインとグリーン・ナイト
Kannada ಸರ್ ಗವೈನ್ ಮತ್ತು ಗ್ರೀನ್ ನೈಟ್
Kazakh Cyrillic Сэр Гавейн және жасыл рыцарь
Korean 가웨인 경과 녹기사
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Сэр Гаваин жана жашыл баатыр
Latvian Kungs Gawain un zaļais bruņinieks
Macedonian Cyrillic Сер Гаваин и Зелениот витез
Malay Tuan Gawain dan satria Hijau
Marathi सर गवैन आणि ग्रीन नाइट
Maltese Sinjur Gawain u l-Kavallier Aħdar
Mongolian Cyrillic Эрхэм ээ Гаүаин болон Ногоон Найт
Nepalese सर ङव्ऐन र ग्रीन नाइट ?
Norwegian Herr Gawain og den Grønne Ridder
Old English Gawain and se Grēna Cniht
Persian سر گاوین و شوالیه سبز
Polish Pan Gawen i Zielony Rycerz
Portuguese Dom Gauvain e o Cavaleiro Verde
Punjabi ਸਰ ਗਵੈਨ ਅਤੇ ਗ੍ਰੀਨ ਨਾਈਟ
Romanian Domn Gawain și Cavalerul Verde
Russian Сэр Гавейн и Зелёный Рыцарь
Scottish Gaelic Sir Gawain agus an Ridire Uaine
Serbian Сир Гаваин и Зелени витез (Cyrillic) Sir Gavain i Zeleni vitez (Latin)
Sinhalese සර් ගවෛන් සහ හරිත නයිට්වර
Slovak Pane Gawain a Zelený rytier
Slovenian Gospod Gawain in Zeleni Vitez
Spanish Sir Gawain y el Caballero Verde
Swahili Mheshimiwa Gawain na Shujaa ya kijani
Swedish Herr Gawain och den Gröna Riddaren
Tamil சர் கவைன் மற்றும் பசுமை நைட்
Telugu సర్ గేవాన్ మరియు గ్రీన్ నైట్
Thai เซอร์กาเวนและอัศวินสีเขียว
Turkish Bayım Gawain ve Yeşil Şövalye
Ukrainian Cyrillic Сер Ґавейн і Зелений Лицар
Urdu سر گووان اور گرین نائٹ
Uzbek Сир Гавейн ва Яшил Рицар (Cyrillic) Sir Gaveyn va Yashil Ritsar (Latin)
Vietnamese Sir Gawain và Hiệp sĩ xanh
Welsh Syr Gwalchmei a'r Marchog Gwyrdd
Yiddish האר גאַוואַין און גרין נייט

References

  1. Michael White, Tolkien: A Biography. New American Library, 2003 (ISBN 0-451-21242-8)
  2. See for example: Tolkien, J. R. R.. Old Poetry: Sir Gawain and the Green Knight by J.R.R. Tolkien. Oldpoetry.com. Retrieved on 2007-05-07.
Community content is available under CC-BY-SA unless otherwise noted.