The following is a list of Sentient creatures which were known to inhabit Middle-earth. Sentient creatures are capable of independent thought and thus the capacity to ally with either Sauron or the Free Peoples; many of them are able to speak one or more of the languages of Middle-earth. 

List of Sentient Races



Various other species of animals may have has some individuals that posessed sentience; Shadowfax for example.

The Secret Fire is also described as being part of all feä: it is that Gift which makes sentient beings capable of independent thought.

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