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This article is about the Ñoldo. For the elf of Lórien, see Rúmil of Lórien.

Rúmil was a knowledgeable loremaster of the Ñoldor living in the city of Tirion, in Valinor.


Rúmil was possibly born in Valinor, or was perhaps one of the firstborn. He thrived in Valinor, being the first to invent the art of writing down words with pen or brush on many different mediums: he invented the alphabet called Sarati (each letter being a Sarat). This alphabet was later expanded and perfected by Fëanor as the Tengwar. Rúmil was also a skilled linguist, and when the Teleri finally arrived in Valinor he was first to discover just how the Telerin language had changed from Common Eldarin compared to Quenya. He became part of an elvish culture of loremasters known as the Lambengolmor.

When the Ñoldor determined to return to Middle-earth in pursuit of Morgoth, Rúmil was among those who refused the summons of Fëanor, remaining in Tirion as one of the Ñoldor of Finarfin.[1]


Rúmil is a Quenya word. Its origin is not clear - it is possibly derived from rum, meaning 'a secret'.[citation needed]

Earlier versions of the legendarium

In The History of Middle-earth series, Rúmil is additionally given as the original author of much of the work which is included in The Silmarillion: the Ainulindalë, Valaquenta and Annals of Aman are by his hand. He is also given as the author of the Lhammas and Lhammasethen, as well as the Ambarkanta.

He once narrated the story of the Music of the Ainur (when that account had not yet developed into the final version, named Ainulindalë) to Eriol in Tol Eressëa - the first time any Man had been told the tale - during the week of Eriol's arrival to and stay at the Cottage of Lost Play.[2]

The War of the Jewels attributes to him a collection of sayings called i Equessi Rumilo.[3]

Pengolodh of Gondolin later continued and completed much of his work.


Foreign Language Translated name
Belarusian Cyrillic Руміл
Bulgarian Cyrillic Румил
Hebrew רומיל
Marathi रुमिल
Nepalese रुमिल
Russian Румиль