Oropher was the father of Thranduil of Mirkwood and grandfather of Legolas, and the Sindarin King of the Silvan Elves of Greenwood the Great during the Second Age.[1]


First and Second Ages

Oropher thranduil 1 by kazuki mendou-d51hj6p

Oropher with Thranduil, by Kazuki Mendou

Oropher was one of the Sindar of Doriath. After the War of Wrath, he declined to depart Middle-earth as many others did, and instead went over the Blue Mountains with his household. He eventually ended up in Greenwood the Great, where Silvan Elves of Nandorin descent lived, and he was taken by them as lord. His capital was at Amon Lanc.[1]

West of Oropher's realm was the realm of Lórinand across the Anduin, where Amdír, another Sindar, ruled over Silvan Elves. When Sauron returned to Middle-earth from the Downfall of Númenor and began to grow in power, Oropher's folk retreated north of the old Dwarf-Road, and later again north of the Mountains of Mirkwood, where they fortified themselves.[1]

War of Last Alliance

Before the War of the Last Alliance, Oropher and his folk left their capital at Amon Lanc and crossed Anduin to live with their kin in Lórinand. For another three times, he moved his people northward to Emyn Duir, the Mountains of Mirkwood. His retreat northwards was because of his desire to move "out of range" from the Dwarves of Khazad-dum.[2]

Though he and his people had little to do with the other peoples of Middle-earth, Oropher understood that there could be no lasting peace until Sauron was defeated. Oropher answered the summons for the Last Alliance of Elves and Men but marched as an independent army with Amdír, or Malgalad the then King of Lórien. He joined with Gil-galad's forces as they marched down the Anduin to Dagorlad. Oropher's company was lightly armed.[1]

In the Battle of Dagorlad, Oropher's company fought valiantly but he was slain with the greater part of his people when he, with King Amdír and his warriors, called an early charge upon the enemy, without orders from the Noldorin High-King Gil-galad. After Sauron was defeated, Thranduil, Oropher's son and heir, returned to Eryn Galen with the shattered remnants of the formerly grand army of his people, back north. Ever after it distressed Thranduil to even turn his gaze south to the direction, and memory, of the horrors of the War of the Last Alliance, in which his beloved father fell with many of their people. Nevertheless, while depleted, their army was still large enough that the orcs hiding in secret in the Misty Mountains did not dare attack them.[1]


The name Oropher probably means "Tall beech-tree" from oro ("up, rise, high"). In Doriath, the term orn refers to trees, especially beeches. The terms pher or pheren both mean "beech-tree".[3][4]


Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ዖሮጰር
Arabic أوروفير
Armenian Որոպհեր
Belarusian Cyrillic Оропhер
Bengali ওরফের্
Bulgarian Cyrillic Орофер
Cambodian អូរូហ្វ័រ
Georgian ოროფჰერი
Greek Όροφερ
Gujarati ઓરોફર
Hebrew אורופר
Hindi ॐरोफेर्
Japanese オロフェア
Kannada ಓರೋಫರ್
Kazakh Оропһер (Cyrillic) Oropher (Latin)
Korean 오로페르
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Оропhэр
Laotian ໂຣໂພເຣ ?
Macedonian Cyrillic Оропхер
Marathi ऑरोफर
Mongolian Cyrillic Оропhер
Nepalese ॐरोफेर्
Pashto وروپهېر
Persian وروپههر
Punjabi ਓਰੋਫੇਰ
Russian Орофер
Sanskrit ॐरोफेर्
Serbian Орофер (Cyrillic) Orofer (Latin)
Sinhalese ඕරොඵෙර්
Tajik Cyrillic Оропҳер
Tamil ஓரொப்ஹெர்
Telugu ఓరోపేర్
Thai โอโรแฟร์
Ukrainian Cyrillic Оропгер
Urdu اوروفار
Uzbek Оропҳер (Cyrillic) Oropher (Latin)
Yiddish אָראָפער
King of the Woodland Realm
Preceded by
Oropher Succeeded by
Early Second Age - SA 3434


  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 1.4 Unfinished Tales, Part Two: The Second Age, IV: "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn, and of Amroth King of Lórien", Appendices: Appendix B, The Sindarin Princes of the Silvan Elves
  2. Unfinished Tales, Introduction, Part Three, I: "The Disaster of the Gladden Fields", Notes
  3. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 5: The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies"
  4. Parma Eldalamberon, Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien
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