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Lindon was a region of western Middle-earth. Initially populated by Laiquendi, in the following Ages it became an important Elvish realm, known for its harbors and Elven ships that would embark unto the West.


Geography

Lindon was a name of Ossiriand, a region west of the Blue Mountains, in Eastern Beleriand. After the deluge of Beleriand in the War of Wrath, Lindon became the westernmost land of the continent of Middle-earth. The Gulf of Lune broke into Lindon and the Blue Mountains and divided the realm into Forlindon (North Lindon) and Harlindon (South Lindon). The eastern border of Lindon was the River Lune, beyond which was Arnor.[2]

History

The First Age

The name Lindon was first used by the exiled Ñoldor for the region of Ossiriand.[3]

Lindon was the only part of Beleriand that survived the War of Wrath, the rest of the continent having been broken or submerged by the tumults. However, the Sea broke through the Blue Mountains, creating the Gulf of Lhûn.

Many of the surviving Elves of drowned Beleriand, especially the exiled Ñoldor, relocated to Lindon by the beginning of the Second Age, where Gil-galad presided.[4]

The Second Age: Kingdom of Gil-galad

Gil-galad founded the Kingdom of Lindon in SA 1, ruling over the Ñoldor, Sindar, and all Elves of Lindon alike. They also built the Havens (Mithlond, and also likely Harlond and Forlond)[5], from which many Elves left to Valinor in subsequent years.

The Ñoldor mainly dwelt in Forlindon, and the Sindar with remaining Green-elves lived in Harlindon (a fief under the rule of Celeborn).[6][7] Presumably, the surviving Edain also stayed for some time alongside the Elves of Lindon, until they left for Elenna in SA 32. But there was some tension between the Elves; some of the Sindar did not wish to live under Gil-galad alongside the Ñoldor, and went to the Silvan Elves in the east, who were their Telerin kin.[8] Some Ñoldor also left to found Eregion in SA 700, the second of the two Ñoldorin realms.

In SA 600Entulessë, a ship from Númenor arrived in Mithlond where Gil-galad welcomed the Númenóreans, who went on to re-establish contact with their distant kin, the Middle Men.[9][10]

During the War of the Elves and SauronSauron overran Eriador. The Elves called that time Days of Flight as many fled to Lindon where Sauron could not enter, and thence over the Sea to the Uttermost West. Eventually Tar-Minastir sent ships to Lindon, responding to Gil-galad's plea. The combined army of Elves and Númenóreans drove Sauron's forces out of Eriador.

In the tumult following the Downfall of Númenor, Lindon suffered great loss as "the sea rode in upon the land", and therefore had shrunk when the Third Age began.

The Third Age: Rule of Círdan

After the War of the Last Alliance, most of the Ñoldor and many Sindar departed for Valinor, and Lindon became depopulated, now ruled by Gil-galad's lieutenant, the Telerin Elf Círdan the Shipwright, who kept building ships for the departing Elves.

During the days of Kings, most of the High Elves that still lingered in Middle-earth were found in Lindon. Beyond the Lune was Elvish country, green and quiet, where no Men went; but Dwarves dwelt in the east side of the Blue Mountains, especially south of the Gulf of Lune, where they had mines in use.[2] Thorin's Halls, the realm of Durin's Folk in exile, was located in Lindon, west of the Lune.

The Fourth Age: Passing of the Elves

In the Fourth Age, Lindon was one of the last Elven havens as the Elves of Rivendell and Lothlórien gradually left Middle-earth.

Gandalf, Bilbo Baggins and Frodo Baggins also went to Valinor from the Grey Havens, and a family tradition held that Samwise Gamgee, having been himself a Ring-bearer, albeit briefly, departed likewise in the year 1482 of the Shire Reckoning (Fourth Age 61). It was also told in the Red Book of Westmarch that after Aragorn's death, Legolas built a grey ship and left Middle-earth to Valinor, with Gimli.

Círdan stayed in Mithlond into the Fourth Age until, as he said, "the last ship sails" and the remaining Eldar passed into the West.

Although all the Elves of Lindon eventually passed into the West, dwarves continued to dwell in their halls on the east side of the Blue Mountains.

Etymology

Lindon means "Land of the Singers", from the Quenya term lin or lind[11] ("to sing, make musical sound")[12] and -on, which is a common suffix for regions.[11]

Translations

Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ሊንዶን
Arabic ليندون
Armenian Լինդոն
Belarusian Cyrillic Ліндон
Bengali লিন্দন
Bulgarian Cyrillic Линдон
Cambodian លីនដាន
Chinese (Hong Kong) 林頓
Danish Lindon ("Sangernes Land")
Georgian ლინდონი
Greek Λίντον
Gujarati ળિન્દોન
Hebrew לינדון
Hindi ळिन्दोन
Japanese リンドン
Kannada ಲಿಂಡನ್
Kazakh Ліндон (Cyrillic) Lindon (Latin)
Korean 린돈
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Линдон
Laotian ລິນດໂນ
Macedonian Cyrillic Линдон
Marathi लिन्डोन
Mongolian Cyrillic Линдон
Nepalese ळिन्दोन
Pashto لیندون
Persian لیندون
Punjabi ਲਿੰਡਨ
Russian Линдон
Serbian Линдон (Cyrillic) Lindon (Latin)
Sinhalese ළිඳොන්
Tajik Cyrillic Линдон
Tamil லிண்டன்
Telugu ళిన్దొన
Thai ลินดอน
Ukrainian Cyrillic Ліндон
Urdu لیندون
Uzbek Линдон (Cyrillic) Lindon (Latin)
Yiddish לינדאָן


References

  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Thematic Maps, "Languages"
  2. 2.0 2.1 The Lord of the RingsAppendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  3. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, "Of Beleriand and its Realms"
  4. The History of Middle-earth, The Peoples of Middle-earth, "The Appendix on Languages", p. 78
  5. The Lord of the RingsAppendix B, "The Second Age"
  6. The Peoples of Middle-earth, "Of Dwarves and Men", p. 328 (Note 65)
  7. Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", (Introduction & Note 2)
  8. Unfinished Tales, "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", "Appendix B: The Sindarin Princes of the Silvan Elves"
  9. The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Second Age", entry "600"
  10. Unfinished Tales, "A Description of the Island of Númenor"
  11. 11.0 11.1 Parma Eldalamberon 17, Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien
  12. The Silmarillion, Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin names
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