The One Wiki to Rule Them All
Advertisement
The One Wiki to Rule Them All
This article is about the Elf-maiden of Doriath. For the other namesakes, see Lúthien (disambiguation).

Lúthien, also known as Tinúviel, was the immortal princess of Doriath, wife of Beren Erchamion, and most beautiful of all the Children of Ilúvatar to ever live. Her love of the mortal man Beren, for whom she was prepared to risk everything, including her life, was legendary and lamented forever in song and story. She and Beren braved Morgoth's horrors, eventually winning a Silmaril from his crown and the approval of their marriage by King Thingol. Though their actions later resulted in both their deaths, their deeds won them the pity of the Vala Mandos and a second life in Middle-earth.[2] Her romance with Beren was one of the great stories of the Elder Days that were told for many ages after she lived, and it was said her bloodline will never perish. She was known as the most 'magic' dancer, with Ivárë and Tinfang coming in second.

Biography[]

Luthien dancing

Lúthien dancing in the woods, by Ted Nasmith

Early years[]

Lúthien was the daughter of Elu Thingol, the Elven King of Doriath, and his Queen, Melian the Maia.[note 1] Throughout the years before she met Beren, she lived as all the Elves of Doriath did: in a state of perfect blissful peace. She was a woman of incomparable beauty and grace, with night-dark hair, sparkling grey eyes, luminous skin, and a clear heartbreakingly lovely voice that was said to cause winter to melt into spring - "the song of Lúthien released the bonds of winter, and the frozen waters spoke, and flowers sprang from the cold earth where her feet had passed".

She often enjoyed dancing in the woods of the realm to the music of her good friend Daeron's flute. He himself soon came to love her jealously, though she would not return it.

Lúthien before Melkor

Lúthien singing for Morgoth in his throne-room, by Ralph Damiani

Quest for the Silmaril[]

Lúthien was remembered in the Lay of Leithian as the first immortal woman to ever fall in love and marry a mortal man, who in her case was Beren, a man of the House of Bëor whom she met in the woods of Doriath. Their relationship was unlikely from the beginning: Lúthien was not only the cherished single daughter of the most powerful Elven King in Beleriand, but also the daughter of a Maia, a powerful angelic being of the race of the Ainur. Beren was a mortal man on the run from the first Dark Lord Morgoth.

Beren and Lúthien's troth - Kip Rasm

Beren and Lúthien plighting their troth within Doriath, by Kip Rasmussen

Thingol was determined to forbid Beren marry his daughter, and gave him an impossible task as the bride price: Beren had to bring to Thingol one of the Silmarils from Morgoth's iron crown. Against monstrous odds, including being kidnapped by the Sons of Fëanor and the death of Finrod Felagund, as well as a confrontation with Sauron, the couple achieved the task with help from Huan, the Hound of Valinor - but Beren died as soon as the task was completed. In grief, Lúthien soon lay down and died, passing to the Halls of Mandos. There, in her grief, she sang to the Vala Mandos. Her song was of such beauty that Mandos, for the first and only time in his existence, was moved to pity. But Mandos had no authority to allow Beren to live again, so he went before Manwë for advice, who in turn sought out the counsel of Eru Ilúvatar himself. Two choices were then placed before Lúthien: she could either dwell in Valmar with the Valar in bliss forever, as reward for all that she had accomplished, or she could be restored to earthly life again with Beren, on the condition that they would both be mortal and die the death of Men. For her love for Beren, Lúthien chose the latter.[2]

Later years[]

After this, she became a mortal and returned to life with Beren, dwelling briefly on Tol Galen. They had a son, Dior, who was called Elúchil, the Heir of Thingol.[3]

And thus in anguish Beren paid
for that great doom upon him laid,
the deathless love of Lúthien,
too fair for love of mortal Men;
and in his doom was Lúthien snared,
the deathless in his dying shared;
and Fate them forged a binding chain
of living love and mortal pain.
— The Lays of Beleriand, "The Doom of Lúthien"

Beren and Lúthien Justin Gerard

"Beren and Lúthien: Drawn Back to Life", by Justin Gerard

After the sack of Menegroth, Beren ambushed the Dwarves responsible and took the Nauglamír back to Lúthien. Her beauty combined with the splendor of the Silmaril and necklace to make her home of Tol Galen the fairest land ever to have existed east of Valinor. On her death, the Nauglamír was delivered to her son Dior, which led to the ruin of Doriath.[4]

Legacy[]

The union of Beren and Lúthien was the first between a mortal Man and a maid with Elven heritage. Her granddaughter Elwing married Earendil, son of Tuor and Idril, thus becoming the great-grandmother of Elrond and Elros, the first being one of the most influential figures of the Second and Third Age and the second the first King of Númenor. Her lineage passed down to the royal House of Elros of Númenor, and then through Silmariën to the Lords of Andúnië and the House of Elendil. When Aragorn II Elessar and Arwen married, the two lines of Lúthien's descendants were reunited, continuing her bloodline on to the Kings of the Reunited Kingdom and beyond. Lúthien's romance with Beren is one of the great stories of the Elder Days, and is mirrored by the later romance between Aragorn and Arwen Evenstar. According to legend, her line would never be broken as long as the world lasted.[2]

Due to everything she experienced from her decision to become mortal, Elwing decided upon the fate of the Elves for her and her husband, as she did not want to experience the same fate as her grandmother.

Etymology[]

The name Lúthien means "Daughter of Flowers", from the Sindarin luth (derived from loth), meaning "flower".[5] In Doriathrin, Luthien (or in Noldorin, Lhūthien) means "enchantress", derived from luktiēnē ("enchantress").[6] Lúthien may have been derived from the Old English word Lufien, which means "love".

Tinúviel means "Nightingale", from the Quenya tindōmiselde.[note 2] In Sindarin, it means "Daughter of Twilight", from tinnu ("dusk, twilight") and the feminine suffix -ien ("daughter").[6]

Background[]

Lúthien is supposed to have been based on Edith Tolkien, J.R.R. Tolkien's wife. The first tale she appeared in, The Tale of Tinúviel, was in part inspired by Edith and John Ronald's forest walks, in 1917, in Roos, England - as Beren first saw and fell in love with Lúthien in the woods.[7]

Edith Tolkien was buried in Wolvercote Cemetery (North Oxford), and this writing in on her plaque:

EDITH MARY TOLKIEN - LUTHIEN 1889–1971

The name of Beren appears on J.R.R. Tolkien's plaque:

JOHN RONALD REUEL TOLKIEN - BEREN 18921973

In other versions[]

In the earlier versions of The Tale of Tinúviel, Tolkien's earliest form of Lúthien's tale later published in The Book of Lost Tales Part One, Lúthien's name is Tinúviel, and Beren is an Elf. In this versions the character Sauron has not yet emerged and his role is taken by a monstrous giant cat called Tevildo, the Prince of Cats. In another account, Tinfang was the brother of Tinúviel.[8]

Line of the Half-elves[]

Finwë
   
   
Indis
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fingolfin
   
   
Anairë
   
   
Galdor
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Thingol
   
   
Melian
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Elenwë
   
   
Turgon
   
   
   
   
Huor
   
   
Rían
   
   
Beren
   
   
Lúthien
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Idril
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Tuor
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Dior
   
   
Nimloth
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Eärendil
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Elwing
   
   
Eluréd and Elurín
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Elros
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Elrond
   
   
Celebrían
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Kings of Númenor
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Lords of Andúnië
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Elendil
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Isildur
   
   
   
   
   
   
Anárion
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Kings of Arnor
   
   
   
   
   
   
Kings of Gondor
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Chieftains of
the Dúnedain
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Aragorn II Elessar
   
   
   
   
Arwen
   
   
Elladan
   
   
Elrohir
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Eldarion
   
   
   
   
   
   
{{Daughters}}

The marriages between Elves and Men are in bold.
The Half-elves or the Peredhil are in italic.


Appearances & mentions[]

Translations[]

Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ሉጢአን
Arabic لوثيين
Armenian Լուտհիեն
Assamese লুথিয়েন
Belarusian Cyrillic Лутhіен
Bengali লুথিয়েন
Bulgarian Лутиен / Лутиен Тинувиел (Cyrillic) Lúthien / Lúthien Tinuviel (Latin)
Burmese ဠုထိဧန္
Chinese (Hong Kong) 露西安 (Lúthien)/露西安·緹努維兒 (Lúthien Tinuviel)
Danish Lúthien ("Blomsternes datter")
Georgian ლუთიენი
Greek Λούθιεν
Gujarati લુથિયન
Hebrew לותיין טינוביאל (Lúthien Tinúviel) לותיין (Lúthien)
Hindi लुथिएन
Japanese ルーシエン (Lúthien)

ルーシエン・ティヌーヴィエル (Lúthien Tinúviel)

Kannada ಲುಥಿಯನ್
Kazakh Лұтһіен (Cyrillic) Luthien (Latin)
Konkani लुथियन
Korean 루시엔 (Lúthien)

루시엔 티누비엘 (Lúthien Tinúviel)

Kyrgyz Cyrillic Лутhиэн
Malayalam ലൂതിയൻ
Lithuanian Lūtijen
Macedonian Cyrillic Лутиен
Marathi लुथियन
Mongolian Cyrillic Лутhиэн
Pashto لُثِېن ?
Persian لوثین تینوویل (Lúthien Tinúviel) لوثین (Lúthien)
Punjabi ਲੂਥੀਅਨ
Russian Лутиэн (Lúthien)

Лутиэн Тинувиэль (Lúthien Tinúviel)

Serbian Лутиен (Cyrillic) Lúthien (Latin)
Sindhi لوٿين
Sinhalese ළුථිඑන්
Tajik Cyrillic Лутҳиен
Tamil லூதியன்
Telugu లూథియన్
Thai ลูธิเอน (Lúthien)

ลูธิเอน ทินูเวียล (Lúthien Tinúviel)

Ukrainian Cyrillic Лутієн
Urdu لوتھین
Uzbek Лутҳиен (Cyrillic) Lúthien (Latin)
Yiddish לוטהיען

References[]

  1. 1.0 1.1 The History of Middle-earth, Vol. X: Morgoth's Ring, The Annals of Aman
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XIX: "Of Beren and Lúthien"
  3. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XX: "Of the Fifth Battle: Nirnaeth Arnoediad"
  4. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XXII: "Of the Ruin of Doriath"
  5. Parma Eldalamberon, Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien
  6. 6.0 6.1 The History of Middle-earth, Vol. V: The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies"
  7. John Garth, Tolkien and the Great War, Part Three, ch. 12, pg. 240
  8. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. I: The Book of Lost Tales Part One, "The Chaining of Melko", Notes, 1.

Notes[]

  1. Technically, this makes Lúthien Half-elven, but she is counted among the Elves; the term "Half-elven" was reserved for those with human ancestry.
  2. Tin means "daughter", and eventually "child".
Advertisement