J.R.R. Tolkien - A Biography is a biography of J.R.R. Tolkien written by Humphrey Carpenter, an acquaintance of his given access to all his and his family's letters and records. It is the initial and prevailing published account of Tolkien's life.
The book was first published in Britain by George Allen and Unwin in 1977. It was also published later in 1978, and 1987. It was first published in the United States in 2000 by Houghton Mifflin. It is divided into eight parts, and like The Lord of the Rings, has a few appendices containing genealogical tables, a chronology of Tolkien's life, his writing, etc.
- "The authorized biography of the creator of Middle-earth. In the decades since his death in September 1973, millions have read THE HOBBIT, THE LORD OF THE RINGS, and THE SILMARILLION and become fascinated about the very private man behind the books. Born in South Africa in January 1892, John Ronald Reuel Tolkien was orphaned in childhood and brought up in near-poverty. He served in the first World War, surviving the Battle of the Somme, where he lost many of the closest friends he'd ever had. After the war he returned to the academic life, achieving high repute as a scholar and university teacher, eventually becoming Merton Professor of English at Oxford where he was a close friend of C.S. Lewis and the other writers known as The Inklings. Then suddenly his life changed dramatically. One day while grading essay papers he found himself writing 'In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit' -- and worldwide renown awaited him. Humphrey Carpenter was given unrestricted access to all Tolkien's papers, and interviewed his friends and family. From these sources he follows the long and painful process of creation that produced THE LORD OF THE RINGS and THE SILMARILLION and offers a wealth of information about the life and work of the twentieth century's most cherished author."
- —From the publisher
Table of Contents
This list excludes chapters.
- Part One: A visit
- Part Two 1892-1916: Early years
- Part Three 1917-1925: The making of a mythology
- Part Four 1925-1949(i): 'In a hole in the ground there lived a hobbit'
- Part Five 1925-1949(ii): The Third Age
- Part Six 1949-1966: Success
- Part Seven 1959-1973: Last years
- Part Eight: The Tree
- A: Simplified genealogical table
- B: Chronology of events
- C: The published writings of J.R.R. Tolkien
- D: Sources and acknowledgements