The Inner Seas was a large body of water in Arda located between the continents of Middle-earth and the Dark Land (South Land).

The sea was over 2500 miles from north to south and about 800 miles from east to west at its widest most point from continent to continent. The straits connecting the Inner Seas to the East Sea in the north and the Belegaer (Great Sea) in the south were no more than 100 miles from continent to continent. It is not known whether these seas were calm or rough but all that can be conjectured is that they probably had both warm and cold currents, due to its proximity to the heats of the south and the darkness of the north.[1][2][3]

History

Years of the Trees and First Age

The origins of the Inner Seas can be traced back to the changes in the overall symmetry of the world as a result of the destructive tumults caused by Melkor and the Valar's confrontations with him for the sake of the Children of Ilúvatar. Its present position and location between Middle-earth and Dark Land seem to date from the end of the Battle of the Powers at the conclusion of the War for Sake of the Elves. From that time on, the Inner Seas were joined with the East Sea and known by the same name.

Second Age and beyond

At the conclusion of the War of Wrath it became known as the Inner Seas. The island of Númenor was raised and its inhabitants became great mariners but with the Ban of the Valar, they could not sail into the furthermost west where the Undying Lands lay. This restricted them to what lies east. They sailed the Inner Seas exploring the whole of its latitudes. After the Change of the World and the Fall of Númenor, the Inner Seas may have remained intact though whether they were still known as the Inner Seas is not known.[4]

Translations

Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Binnste See
Albanian Dete i brendshëm
Amharic ወደ ውስጥ ያሉ ባህሮች
Arabic البحار الداخلية
Armenian Ներքին ծովեր
Azerbaijani Daxili dənizlər
Belarusian Cyrillic Унутраныя моры
Bengali অভ্যন্তরীণ সমুদ্র
Bosnian Unutrašnja mora
Bulgarian Cyrillic Вътрешни морета
Catalan Mars Interiors
Croatian Unutarnja morima
Czech Vnitřní moře
Danish De Indre Havområder
Dutch Binnenzeeën
Esperanto Internaj Maroj
Estonian Sisemered
Filipino Panloob na karagatan
Finnish Sisämeret
French Mers Intérieures
Georgian შიდა ზღვები
German Binnenmeere
Greek Εσωτερικές Θάλασσες
Gujarati આંતરિક સમુદ્રો
Hindi भीतरी समुद्र
Hungarian Belső-tengerek
Icelandic Innri höfin
Indonesian Laut-laut batin
Irish Gaelic Farraigí intíre
Italian Mari Interni
Japanese 内景海
Kannada ಆಂತರಿಕ ಸಮುದ್ರಗಳು
Kazakh Ішкі теңіздер (Cyrillic) Işki teñizder (Latin)
Korean 내해
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Ички деңиздер
Latvian Iekšējās jūras
Lithuanian Vidinės jūros
Luxembourgish Bannenzeg Mierer
Macedonian Cyrillic Внатрешни мориња
Marathi अंतस्थ समुद्र
Mongolian Cyrillic Өвөр тэнгисүүд
Norwegian Innlandethavene
Pashto داخلي سمندرونه
Persian دریاهای داخلی
Polish Morze Wewnętrzne
Portuguese Mares Interiores
Punjabi ਅੰਦਰੂਨੀ ਸਮੁੰਦਰ
Romanian Mări Interioare
Russian Внутренние моря
Scottish Gaelic Cuantan a-staigh
Sindhi اندرون سمنڊ
Sinhalese අභ්‍යන්තර මුහුද
Slovak Vnútorné more
Slovenian Notranja morja
Spanish Mares Interiores
Swahili Bahari za ndani
Swedish Inrehav
Tajik Cyrillic Баҳрҳои дохилӣ
Tamil உள்நாட்டு கடல்கள்
Tatar Внутренние моря
Telugu లోపలి సముద్రాలు
Thai ทะเลด้านใน
Turkish İç Denizler
Turkmen Içki deňizler
Ukrainian Cyrillic Внутрішні моря
Urdu اندرون سمندر
Uyghur ئىچكى قۇرۇقلۇق دېڭىز
Uzbek Ички Денгизлар (Cyrillic) Ichki Dengizlar (Latin)
Vietnamese Biển bên trong
Welsh Moroedd Mewnol
Yiddish ינלענדיש סיז

References

  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The First Age
  2. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The Second Age, “Introduction”
  3. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The Second Age, “Voyages of the Númenoreans”
  4. The Silmarillion, Akallabêth
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