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The Harnen as depicted on a terrain map released in conjunction with The Hobbit films

The river Harnen ("Southing" in Westron) was a river south of Gondor.


The Harnen formed the southern border of the contested land of Harondor, also known as south Gondor, and as such formed the southern border of Dúnedain influence. South of the Harnen lay the land of Near Harad.

Roughly 600 Númenórean miles long, it began in the Ephel Dúath of Mordor and then flowed southwest for about 350 miles, when it bent west and sped to Belegaer, which it entered in a wide delta.[1] The Harad Road crossed the Harnen into Harad shortly after it bent westwards. This road was used by Sauron's followers later in the Third Age.

In the first millennium of the Third Age, King Ciryaher stormed across the Harnen with a large army and routed the Men of Harad. The Haradrim were thereafter compelled to acknowledge Gondor's overlordship over their people. Ciryaher thereafter took the name Hyarmendacil, meaning "South-victor".[2]


Harnen is a Sindarin word that meant "South-water".[3]


Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ሃርነን
Arabic هارنين
Armenian Հարնեն
Belarusian Cyrillic Харнен
Bengali হানেন
Bulgarian Cyrillic Харнен
Chinese (Hong Kong) 哈爾南河
Danish Harnenfloden
Georgian ჰარნენი
Greek Χάρνεν
Gujarati હાર્નેન
Hebrew הארנן
Hindi हरनैन
Japanese ハルネン
Kannada ಹಾರ್ನೆನ್
Korean ?
Macedonian Cyrillic Харнен
Marathi हार्नेन
Mongolian Cyrillic Харнэн
Nepalese हार्नन
Persian هارنهن
Punjabi ਹਰਨੇਨ
Russian Харнен
Serbian Харнен (Cyrillic) Harnen (Latin)
Sinhalese හාර්නන්
Tajik Cyrillic Харнен
Tamil ஹானின்
Tatar Харнен
Telugu హార్నెన్
Ukrainian Cyrillic Харнен
Urdu ہارنےن
Yiddish האַרנען