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GreyMountainsRegion

The Grey Mountains

This article is about the mountain range in the north of Middle-earth. For the southern Grey Mountains, see Grey Mountains (south).

The Grey Mountains, or the Ered Mithrin, was a large mountain range in Middle-earth located to the north of Rhovanion.

History

The Grey Mountains were originally part of the Iron Mountains, the ancient mountain range in the north of Middle-earth, making them one of the oldest mountain ranges in Arda.

The mountains were mostly unaffected during the events of the First Age. At its future western end lay Mount Gundabad, where Durin I awoke.

After the War of Wrath, the Iron Mounatins were broken, leaving the Grey Mountains as a separate range and a "northern spur" of the newer Misty Mountains.

In the Third Age, the mountains were settled by the Dwarves, who built Dáin's Halls to serve as their capitol. In the later Third Age, the Dwarves abandoned the city and fled to Erebor.

Geography

The Grey Mountains were the last remnants of the wall of the Iron Mountains, which once stretched all over the north of Middle-earth, but were broken at the end of the First Age after the War of Wrath.

North of the mountains lay Forodwaith, a region of great cold known as Dor Daidelos in the First Age and earlier. South of the mountains lay Rhovanion and Dale.

On the western end of the mountains, across a gap, lay Mount Gundabad, the end of the Misty Mountains. Halfway through its length, the mountains split, and the valley between them was known as the Withered Heath.

The stretch of mountains west of the Misty Mountains which still formed one range with the Grey Mountains was known as the Mountains of Angmar, another remnant of the Iron Mountains.

From east to west the mountains stretched some 350 Númenórean Miles. In its western end in Éothéod, the Forest River and the River Greylin arose.

Inhabitants

The Dwarves of Durin's folk considered the Ered Mithrin as part of their land as far back as the reign of Durin I. Because of constant attack by both Orcs of Morgoth and possibly Dragons, they were not heavily explored or settled until the Third Age. By the Third Age all Dwarven strongholds had been abandoned or raided by dragons, and the Grey Mountains served only to divide Forodwaith from Wilderland. Very few dwarves remained in the Grey Mountains during the Third Age after the core population left, and the Kingdoms of Durin's Folk most probably reclaimed their halls in the Grey Mountains during the Fourth Age due to the diminished states of Orcs and Dragons.

Etymology

The Grey Mountains are also known as Ered Mithrin in Sindarin; from ered (mountains) + mithrin (grey).[1]

Translations

Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Grys Berge
Albanian Malet gri
Amharic ግራጫ ተራሮች
Arabic الجبال رمادية
Basque Mendiak Grisa
Belarusian Шэрыя Гарах (Cyrillic) Šeryja Harach (Latin)
Bengali গ্রে পর্বতমালা
Bosnian Planine Sive
Bulgarian Сивите Планини (Cyrillic) Sivite Planini (Latin)
Cambodian ប្រផេះភ្នំ
Catalan Muntanyes Grises
Chichewa Imvi Mapiri
Chinese (Hong Kong) 灰色山脈 A.K.A. 伊瑞德米斯林
Croatian Planine Sive
Czech Hory Šedá
Danish Gråbjerge
Esperanto Griza montoj
Estonian Hallmäed
Faroese Gráurfjøll
French Montagnes Grises
Frisian Grize Bergen
Dutch Grijze Bergen
Galician Montañas Grises
Georgian რუხი მთები
German Graue Berge / Graues Gebirge
Greek Γκρι Βουνά
Hawaiian Oho Mauna
Icelandic Grá Fjöll
Indonesian Gunung-gunung abu-abu
Italian Montagne Grigie
Irish Gaelic Sléibhte Liath
Japanese 灰色山脈
Javanese Gunung klawu
Haitian Creole Gri mòn yo
Hebrew הרי גריי
Hindi ग्रे पर्वत
Hungarian Szürke-hegység
Kannada ಗ್ರೇ ಪರ್ವತಗಳು
Kazakh Сұр таулар (Cyrillic) Sur tawlar (Latin)
Korean 회색 산맥
Kurdish Çiyayên Gewr (Kurmanji Kurdish)
Kyrgyz Cyrillic боз тоолор
Latvian Pelēks Kalni
Lithuanian Pilka kalnai
Luxembourgish Groen Bierger
Macedonian Cyrillic Греј Планини
Maltese Muntanji griża
Malagasy Grey Tendrombohitra
Malaysian Kelabu Pergunungan
Marathi ग्रे पर्वत
Mongolian Cyrillic саарал уулс
Nepalese ग्रे पर्वत
Norwegian Gråfjellene
Old English Beorgas Grǣg
Pashto خړ غرونه
Persian (Grey Mountains) کوه های خاکستری

(Ered Mithrin) سرزمین‌میانه

Portuguese (Brazil and Portugal) Montanhas Cinzentas
Polish Szare Góry
Punjabi ਗ੍ਰੇ ਪਹਾੜ
Romanian Munții Gri
Russian Серые горы
Scottish Gaelic Glas Beanntan
Serbian Сиве планине (Cyrillic) Sive planine (Latin)
Shona Gireyi Makomo
Sindhi ڀورو جبل
Sinhalese අළු කඳු
Slovak Hory Sivá
Slovenian Gore Sive
Somalian Buuraha Cirro
Spanish (Spain and Latin America) Montañas Grises
Swedish Grå bergen
Tagalog Abo Bundok
Tamil சாம்பல் மலைகள்
Tatar Соры Таулар
Telugu గ్రే పర్వతాలు
Thai เทือกเขาสีเทา
Turkish Gri Dağlar
Turkmen Çal Daglar
Ukrainian Cyrillic Сірих горах
Urdu گرے پہاڑوں
Uyghur كۈلرەڭ تاغلار
Uzbek Кулранг Тоғлар (Cyrillic) Kulrang Tog'lar (Latin)
Vietnamese Dãy núi xám
Welsh Mynyddoedd llwyd
Xhosa Iintaba ezingwevu
Yiddish גריי בערג
Yucatec Maya Witso'obo' Grises


Mountain Ranges of Arda

Ash Mountains | Echoriath | Ephel Dúath | Ered Gorgoroth | Blue Mountains | Ered Lómin | Grey Mountains | Ered Wethrin | Iron Hills | Iron Mountains | Misty Mountains | Mountains of Angmar | Mountains of Mirkwood | Mountains of Mithrim | Orocarni | Pelóri | Wall of the Sun | White Mountains | Yellow Mountains



Dwarven Realms of Middle-earth throughout the Ages
Years of the Trees Amon Rûdh | Belegost | Khazad-dûm | Mount Gundabad | Nogrod | Nulukkizdîn | Blue Mountains
First Age Amon Rûdh | Belegost | Khazad-dûm | Mount Gundabad | Nogrod | Nulukkizdîn | Iron Hills | Blue Mountains
Second Age Khazad-dûm | Belegost | Nogrod | Mount Gundabad | Blue Mountains | Iron Hills
Third Age Grey Mountains | Iron Hills | Khazad-dûm | Lonely Mountain | Blue Mountains | Dunland
Fourth Age Glittering Caves | Khazad-dûm | Lonely Mountain | Blue Mountains | Grey Mountains | Iron Hills


References

  1. The Complete Guide to Middle-earth
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