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The Great East Road (also known as the East-West Road or East Road) was a dwarven-made road stretching from the Tower Hills to the Misty Mountains, ending near the High Pass[1].

However, by the end of the Third Age[2][3], the only frequently used portion of the road was the sliver that passed through the Shire.

History

First Age

The Dwarves built the Great East Road sometime in the First Age. In The Silmarillion, it is mentioned that the Dwarves had created "a great road that passed under the shoulders of Mount Dolmed … crossing Gelion at Sarn Athrad."[4] This road was soon named the Dwarf-road and was constructed shortly after the meeting between the Dwarves and the Sindar Elves at Beleriand in the year YT 1250. The portion of this road to the east of the Blue Mountains was built in the First Age and connected the dwarf cities of Nogrod and Belegost with Khazad-dûm and the east.

After the First Age, the Dwarf-road was destroyed—along with the rest of Beleriand—during the War of Wrath. However most of the road through Eriador survived the devastation, although it's western end was obliterated by the formation of the Gulf of Lune. It is not known how heavily it was used after the ruin of Nogrod and Belegost.

Third Age

When Arnor was established, the north-kingdom took over the preservation of the Great East Road, instituting several fortifications on or near it—including Weathertop. In addition to the fortifications, Arnor expanded/constructed bridges over the rivers Brandywine and Mitheithel. After Arnor split in TA 861, the Great East Road formed the border separating two of Arnor's successor states, Cardolan and Rhudaur.

By the time of the War of the Ring in the late Third Age, the Great East Road passed through the territory of the Shire, but was little used, save by a local traffic of Hobbits and Dwarves travelling between the Blue Mountains and Lonely Mountain.

After the War of the Ring, the part of the road that ran through the Shire became prohibited to Men, following King Elessar's proclamation.

References

  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Regional Maps, "The Misty Mountains"
  2. Wayne Hammond and Christina Scull, The Lord of the Rings: A Reader's Companion, "The Maps of The Lord of the Rings"
  3. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. VII: "The Treason of Isengard", chapter XV, "The First Map of The Lord of the Rings"
  4. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter X: "Of the Sindar"

Translations

Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Groot Oos Pad
Albanian Rruga e Madhe lindore
Arabic الطريق الشرقي العظيم
Armenian Մեծ Արեւելյան ճանապարհը
Azerbaijani Böyük şərq yolu
Basque Ekialdeko errepide bikaina
Belarusian Cyrillic Вялікі Усход дарога
Bengali গ্রেট ইস্ট রোড
Bosnian Veliki istok ceste
Bulgarian Cyrillic Велик Източен път
Cambodian ផ្លូវខាងកើតដ៏អស្ចារ្យ
Catalan Gran Orient Carretera
Cebuano Maayo sidlakan dalan
Chinese 伟大的东路
Croatian Velika istočna cesta
Czech Velká východní silnice
Danish Østvejen
Dutch Oude Oosterweg
Esperanto Granda orienta Vojo
Estonian Suur Ida Tee
Filipino Dakilang Silangan Daan
Finnish Suuri itäinen tie
French Grande route de l'est
Galician Gran estrada ao leste
Georgian დიდი აღმოსავლეთი გზა
German Große Oststraße
Greek Μεγάλη Ανατολική Οδό
Gujarati ગ્રેટ ઇસ્ટ રોડ
Hebrew כביש מזרחי גדול
Hindi महान पूर्वी सड़क
Hungarian Nagy Keleti út
Icelandic Frábær austurvegur
Indonesian Jalan timur yang bagus
Italian Grande Strada Orientale
Japanese グレートイーストロード
Javanese Agung Wetan dalan
Kannada ಗ್ರೇಟ್ ಈಸ್ಟ್ ರೋಡ್
Kazakh Ұлы Шығыс жолы (Cyrillic) Ulı Şığıs jolı (Latin)
Korean 위대한 동쪽 도로
Kurdish Mezin Rohilat Rê (Kurmanji)
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Улуу Чыгыш жол
Latin Magnam viam orientalem
Latvian Lielais Austrumu Ceļš
Lithuanian Puikus rytinio kelio
Macedonian Cyrillic Велики Источен Пат
Malaysian Jalan besar Timur
Maltese Triq il-lvant kbira
Marathi महान पूर्वेकडील रस्ता
Mongolian Cyrillic Агуу их Зүүн Зам
Nepalese ठूलो पूर्वी सडक
Norwegian Flott Østvei
Pashto لوی ختیځ سړک
Persian جادهٔ بزرگ شرق
Polish Wschodni Gościniec
Portuguese Grande estrada do leste
Punjabi ਮਹਾਨ ਪੂਰਵੀ ਸੜਕ
Romanian Drumul Mare de Est
Russian Великий Восточный Тракт
Serbian Сјајно Исток Пут (Cyrillic) Sjajno Istok Put (Latin)
Sindhi زبردست اوڀر روڊ
Sinhalese මහා නැගෙනහිර පාර
Slovak Veľká Východná cesta
Slovenian Velika Vzhodna cesta
Spanish Gran camino al este
Swahili Barabara kuu Mashariki
Swedish Stor Öst Väg
Tajik Cyrillic роҳҳои бузурги шарқӣ
Tamil பெரிய கிழக்கு சாலை
Telugu గ్రేట్ ఈస్ట్ రోడ్
Thai ถนนสายตะวันออกที่ดี
Turkish Büyük Doğu Yolu
Ukrainian Cyrillic Велика Східна дорога
Urdu عظیم مشرق روڈ
Uzbek Буюк Чарқ йўли (Cyrillic) Buyuk Sharq yo'li (Latin)
Vietnamese Đường lớn phía đông
Welsh Ffordd Dwyrain Mawr
Yiddish גרויס מזרח וועג
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