The Great East Road (also known as the East-West Road or East Road) was a dwarven-made road stretching from the Grey Havens to the Misty Mountains[1]. The Great East Road began in the Blue Mountains, passing over the plains of Eriador through The Shire and Bree[2], over the Last Bridge and by Rivendell to end near the High Pass. However, by the end of the Third Age[3], the only well known part of the once great road was the sliver that passed through The Shire.

History

The Great East Road was built by the Dwarves sometime in the First Age (likely soon after the meeting between the Dwarves and the Sindar Elves at Beleriand in YT 1250) before the first rising of the Sun. The road ran from Sarn Athrad in Ossiriand over the Blue Mountains through Eriador to the Misty Mountains and then connected to the Old Forest Road which ran on to the Iron Hills through Rhovanion[4]. Preceding the Sack of Doriath, the western portions of the road were used by companies of Dwarf craftsmen throughout eastern Beleriand.

The Great East Road meets the Greenway just outside Bree, as seen in The Lord of the Rings Online

First Age

After the First Age – in correlation with the destruction of Nogrod[5] and neighboring Belegost[5] – the road dwindled in importance. On the westward side of the Misty Mountains, because of the Longbeards influence, this segment of the road became associated with the name, Men-i-Naugrimor (Sindarin for "Old Dwarf Road").

Second Age

When Arnor was established, the north-kingdom took over the preservation of the Men-i-Naugrim, instituting several fortifications on or near it (including Weathertop). In addition to the fortifications, Arnor expanded – or constructed – bridges over the rivers Brandywine and Mitheithel. After Arnor split in TA 861, the Great East Road formed the border separating two of its successor states, Cardolan and Rhudaur.

Third Age

During the War of the Ring in the late Third Age, the Great East Road met the Greenway, and passed through Bree[6]. A day's journey east was The Forsaken Inn, beyond which was the Elven stronghold of Rivendell. West of the crossroads, the hobbits had colonized the Shire, and their most quintessential towns, Hobbiton and Michel Delving lay athwart the East Road.

Aftermath

After the War of the Ring, segments of the road that ran through the Shire became off-limits to Men, following King Elessar's proclamation.

References

  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Regional Maps, "The Misty Mountains"
  2. The Hobbit, Chapter IV: "Over Hill and Under Hill"
  3. Unfinished Tales, "The West of Middle-earth at the End of the Third Age"
  4. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Regional Maps, "Wilderland"
  5. 5.0 5.1 The Silmarillion, "Map of Beleriand and the Lands to the North"
  6. The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book Two, Ch. IX: "At the Sign of the Prancing Pony"

Translations

Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Groot Oos Pad
Albanian Rruga e Madhe lindore
Arabic الطريق الشرقي العظيم
Armenian Մեծ Արեւելյան ճանապարհը
Azerbaijani Böyük şərq yolu
Basque Ekialdeko errepide bikaina
Belarusian Cyrillic Вялікі Усход дарога
Bengali গ্রেট ইস্ট রোড
Bosnian Veliki istok ceste
Bulgarian Cyrillic Велик Източен път
Cambodian ផ្លូវខាងកើតដ៏អស្ចារ្យ
Catalan Gran Orient Carretera
Cebuano Maayo sidlakan dalan
Chinese 伟大的东路
Croatian Velika istočna cesta
Czech Velká východní silnice
Danish Østvejen
Dutch Oude Oosterweg
Esperanto Granda orienta Vojo
Estonian Suur Ida Tee
Filipino Dakilang Silangan Daan
Finnish Suuri itäinen tie
French Grande route de l'est
Galician Gran estrada ao leste
Georgian დიდი აღმოსავლეთი გზა
German Große Oststraße
Greek Μεγάλη Ανατολική Οδό
Gujarati ગ્રેટ ઇસ્ટ રોડ
Hebrew כביש מזרחי גדול
Hindi महान पूर्वी सड़क
Hungarian Nagy Keleti út
Icelandic Frábær austurvegur
Indonesian Jalan timur yang bagus
Italian Grande Strada Orientale
Japanese グレートイーストロード
Javanese Agung Wetan dalan
Kannada ಗ್ರೇಟ್ ಈಸ್ಟ್ ರೋಡ್
Kazakh Ұлы Шығыс жолы (Cyrillic) Ulı Şığıs jolı (Latin)
Korean 위대한 동쪽 도로
Kurdish Mezin Rohilat Rê (Kurmanji)
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Улуу Чыгыш жол
Latin Magnam viam orientalem
Latvian Lielais Austrumu Ceļš
Lithuanian Puikus rytinio kelio
Macedonian Cyrillic Велики Источен Пат
Malaysian Jalan besar Timur
Maltese Triq il-lvant kbira
Marathi महान पूर्वेकडील रस्ता
Mongolian Cyrillic Агуу их Зүүн Зам
Nepalese ठूलो पूर्वी सडक
Norwegian Flott Østvei
Pashto لوی ختیځ سړک
Persian جادهٔ بزرگ شرق
Polish Wschodni Gościniec
Portuguese Grande estrada do leste
Punjabi ਮਹਾਨ ਪੂਰਵੀ ਸੜਕ
Romanian Drumul Mare de Est
Russian Великий Восточный Тракт
Serbian Сјајно Исток Пут (Cyrillic) Sjajno Istok Put (Latin)
Sindhi زبردست اوڀر روڊ
Sinhalese මහා නැගෙනහිර පාර
Slovak Veľká Východná cesta
Slovenian Velika Vzhodna cesta
Spanish Gran camino al este
Swahili Barabara kuu Mashariki
Swedish Stor Öst Väg
Tajik Cyrillic роҳҳои бузурги шарқӣ
Tamil பெரிய கிழக்கு சாலை
Telugu గ్రేట్ ఈస్ట్ రోడ్
Thai ถนนสายตะวันออกที่ดี
Turkish Büyük Doğu Yolu
Ukrainian Cyrillic Велика Східна дорога
Urdu عظیم مشرق روڈ
Uzbek Буюк Чарқ йўли (Cyrillic) Buyuk Sharq yo'li (Latin)
Vietnamese Đường lớn phía đông
Welsh Ffordd Dwyrain Mawr
Yiddish גרויס מזרח וועג
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