Glaurung was the first terrestrial, fire-breathing Dragon in Middle-earth. He was known as the Father of Dragons.


Early years

After suffering a number of defeats at the hands of the Ñoldor in Beleriand, Morgoth came to realize that his armies of Orcs were no match for the Noldor unaided. As such, he began to experiment with ways to create new, deadlier creatures for use in his armies. Glaurung was the result of these experiments. After a century of brooding and growing in the dark pits of Angband, Glaurung first emerged in FA 260 and attacked the Elves maintaining the Siege of Angband. Though Glaurung was not of the winged race that would later arise, he was the greatest terror of his time. He burned and ravaged Ard-galen, the land of the Elves in Hithlum and Dorthonion. However, he was not yet at his full strength, so was driven back by Fingon, the prince of Hithlum at that time, and his archers. Morgoth was displeased with Glaurung for revealing himself before he had grown to full strength, but this did not greatly disrupt Morgoth's plans.

War upon the Elves

Dagor Bragollach

Lord of the rings glaurung by vaejoun-d71q48f

Glaurung, the black worm, by Vaejoun

Glaurung was contained in Angband for another two centuries before he was again loosed during the Fourth Battle of the Battles of Beleriand. Known as the Dagor Bragollach for the fires unleashed by Morgoth from the Iron Mountains, Glaurung in full power led Melkor's forces against the High Elves of Beleriand. Now fully grown, none could withstand his might, and with the Balrogs at his side, Glaurung led the Orcs to an overwhelming victory and broke the siege of Angband.

Nirnaeth Arnoediad

Glaurung by ralphdamiani-d9r1qnu

Glaurung with dark forces by Ralphdamiani

In the fifth battle, the Nirnaeth Arnoediad, Glaurung caused even more destruction, as he had fathered a brood of lesser Dragons to follow him into battle. So a great army of Elves and Men fell before the onslaught, for none could withstand the Dragonfire save the Dwarves of Belegost, who had come to battle a common foe.

After the Elven and Edain armies had been broken, Morgoth used Glaurung to hold the territories he gained; but force in battle was not the only power the monster knew. He brought many under his sway with the binding power of his serpent eye and hypnotic Dragon Spell.

The Sack of Nargothrond

The Fall Of Nargothrond by WF74

Túrin and Glaurung, by Woutart

After Glaurung aided Morgoth during the Battle of Unnumbered Tears, he was given the assignment to complete the Sack of Nargothrond, one of the Elven fortresses in Beleriand. Glaurung came upon Nargothrond with great force, and sacked the kingdom easily. He faced Túrin, son of Húrin, at the gate and so he froze him with his eyes. Túrin heard the screams of Finduilas, daughter of Orodreth, as he stood there. When the captives had been taken away, Túrin was released from Glaurung's spell and gave him two choices: to follow Finduilas or to aid his mother and sister, who were suffering in Dor-lómin. Túrin chose the latter, and in this way he was deceived by the dragon, for his mother and sister were living well in Doriath. Glaurung then gathered up all the treasures of Felagund and hoarded them deep within Nargothrond, and rested there, guarding them.

Last years

Glaurung y Nineor

Glaurung meeting Nienor

Glaurung received knowledge of Morwen and Nienor's departure to seek their family members. In the forest where they traveled, Glaurung found Nienor and caused her to lose her mind. She was driven to run through the forest "like a deer". Soon after this, Túrin found her crying on Finduilas's grave. Not knowing that she was his sister, Túrin named her Níniel ('tear maiden') and took her to his home with the folk of Brandir. There they lived for three years, during which they fell in love.



Turin aiming for Glaurung, by Francesc Camos

After those years, Glaurung attacked the area around their home. Túrin resolved to kill the dragon. Two men went with him. One became afraid and fled, and the other was crushed by rocks. However, Túrin was able to kill Glaurung by thrusting his sword, Gurthang, into Glaurung's belly. Glaurung felt his death wound and screamed. When the dragon's blood touched Túrin, he fell into a swoon. Glaurung screamed until his strength was gone. Nienor found him there, with Túrin beside him. With his last breath, Glaurung gave Nienor her memory back, and died. Shortly thereafter, Nienor jumped into the river below, and Túrin awoke and threw himself on his sword.[2][3][4]

Earlier stages

In J.R.R. Tolkien's Lost Tales, Glorund was the original name of Glaurung.


Túrin's killing of Glaurung greatly resembles the killing of the dragon Fafnir by Siegfried (or Sigurd) in German Mythology, who, knowing Fafnir's scales were impenetrable, dug a hole and waited for Fafnir to pass over it, allowing Siegfried to stab his dragon's vulnerable belly. Also like Glaurung, Fafnir's last words were a message to poison Siegfried's trust in the ones he loved.


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Glaurung, by J.R.R.Tolkien
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Glaurung in The Silmarillion
Glaurung the golden by lyntonlevengood-d34lpfh
The Golden dragon with the Dwarves of Belegost, by LyntonLevengood
Dagor bragollach by viking heart-d66bldd
In Dagor Bragollach by Viking-Heart
Nirnaeth Arnoediad by felipe elias
Glaurung in Nirnaeth_Arnoediad by Felipe-elias
Glaurung by master Berling
Glaurung by Master_Berling
Dragon attack by Thylacinee
Glaurung fighting with Dwarves, by Justin Gerard
Dragon by dloliver-d4au4et
The most intense fire by Dloliver
Glaurung by joaosoares
Fire breath by joaosoares
Azaghâl attacking Glaurung by Deagol
Tumblr npmqr6e1D41t5fox8o1 1280
Glaurung and Nienor by Rirth
Glaurung the deciever by skyrace-d86j63h
Glaurung The Deceiver by Skyrace
The glance of glaurung by lelek1980-d9ml67f
The glance of Glaurung by Lelek1980
Arnaud Sohyer-Büdow - Nargothrond Bridge
Nargothrond Bridge by soys.


Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ጝላኡሩንግ
Arabic غلورينغ
Armenian Գլաուրունգ
Belarusian Cyrillic Глаурунг
Bengali গ্লুরুং
Bulgarian Cyrillic Глаурунг
Catalan Glàurung
Chinese (Hong Kong) 格勞龍
Georgian გლაურუნგი
Greek Γκλάουρανγκ
Hindi ङ्ल्औरुङ
Hebrew גלאורונג
Japanese グラウルング
Kazakh Глаұрұнг (Cyrillic) Glaurung (Latin)
Korean 글라우룽
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Глаурунг
Macedonian Cyrillic Глаурунг
Marathi ग्लॉरुंग
Mongolian Cyrillic Глаурунг
Pashto علاورونګ
Persian گلاورونگ
Punjabi ਗਲੋਰੁੰਗ
Russian Глаурунг
Serbian Глаурунг (Cyrillic) Glaurung (Latin)
Sinhalese ග්ලුරුන්ග්
Tajik Cyrillic Глаурунг
Tamil கிளருங்
Telugu గ్లురుంగ్
Thai เกลารุง
Ukrainian Cyrillic Ґлаурунґ
Urdu گلاورونگ
Uzbek Глаурунг (Cyrillic) Glaurung (Latin)
Yiddish גלאַורונג


  1. Tolkien, J.R.R.. Beren and Lúthien (Kindle Location 3606). Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Kindle Edition.
  2. The Silmarillion: Quenta Silmarillion
  3. The Children of Húrin
  4. The Book of Lost Tales 2
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