Glamdring (also called the Foe-hammer) was a hand-and-a-half sword, forged for Turgon, the King of Gondolin during the First Age, and later owned by the wizard Gandalf.

History Edit

Glamdring was used in battle only twice in the First Age; Turgon wielded it in the Nirnaeth Arnoediad, and in the Fall of Gondolin. For over 6,000 years it went missing, surviving the War of Wrath, until Gandalf (and company) found it (along with Sting and Orcrist) in the Troll's cave in The Hobbit, and claimed it for himself. He continued to use Glamdring through the events of The Lord of the Rings, and by the end it was kept safe in the treasure vault of Minas Tirith.[3]

It was called Beater by the Goblins. They called Thorin Oakenshield's weapon, Orcrist, "Biter".

Glamdring was used by Gandalf to slay the Great Goblin and both Gandalf and Thorin Oakenshield used "Glamdring" and "Orcrist" to slay Goblins in the Goblin's caves.

Appearance Edit


The Rune inscription on Glamdring in the films

Glamdring, along with Orcrist its mate, are described in The Hobbit as having "...beautiful scabbards and jeweled hilts", and Glamdring was referred to by Elrond as "Foe-hammer that the King of Gondolin once wore". In Unfinished Tales, one of the footnotes to the story "Of Tuor and his Coming to Gondolin" mentions that the sword of Turgon was "...white and a ruel-bone (ivory) sheath,..." While Glamdring is not mentioned by name, it is reasonable to assume that the same sword is described.

Like all High-elven swords, Glamdring was like Orcrist and Sting in that "being the work of Elvish smiths in the Elder Days these swords shone with a cold light, if any Orcs were near at hand,"[4] and so it warned its bearers of nearby evil. Glamdring was "bright as blue flame for delight in the killing of the" Great Goblin,[5] but that could have referred to its brightness in that situation; everywhere else in Tolkien's writings, Glamdring's color when glowing is always described as white. 

Etymology Edit

The name Glamdring is the Quenya for "Foe-hammer", from the Ñoldorin word dring ("beat, strike").[6]

Portrayal in adaptations Edit

The Lord of the Rings film trilogy Edit

Gandalf Glamdring

Gandalf the White with Glamdring during the Battle at the Black Gate.

In Peter Jackson's films, Glamdring is one of Gandalf's primary weapons, the other being his staff. As mentioned above, it has runes engraved in the Cirth script. Weta Workshop designer Richard Taylor stated that this was done with the intention that Elves put magic inscriptions on the blade to strengthen it. This idea is repeated with various other weapons, such as Anduril. In the Hobbit trilogy, Gandalf is able to recognise it as a sword of Gondolin, but Elrond identifies it by name. The design of the blade is also different to the Elvish curved swords regularly seen, likely because the blade was made in the First Age, where sword design was different.

While it does not glow in the films it is still powerful, especially in Gandalf's fight with the Balrog. It is strong enough to pierce the Balrog's flesh without damage, and can even be used by Gandalf to cast spells. Gandalf uses it to summon a bolt of lightning to the blade. The blade receives the lightning and stores it, allowing Gandalf to use its power to kill the Balrog.

Glamdring is inscribed with runes in the Elven language. In the movies, the runes say "Turgon Aran Gondolin, Tortha gar a matha Glamdring, Vegil Glamdring gud daelo. Dam an Glamhoth." which translates to "Turgon, King of Gondolin, wields, has, and holds the sword Glamdring, Foe of Morgoth's realm, Hammer of the Orcs." This inscription, however, was not mentioned in any of J. R. R. Tolkien's writings. All Tolkien says in The Hobbit is that the names of the swords were given in the runes, but nothing else is clearly stated. The invented inscription for the movie sword, however, does sound plausible, since Elrond was able to identify that the sword belonged to Turgon.

One problem, though, is that the inscription is given in Sindarin, but in an essay written late in Tolkien's life, he explicitly states that Turgon had re-established Quenya as the language of his household in Gondolin (see The Peoples of Middle-earth, pg. 348). Curiously, it is mentioned in The Hobbit that Gandalf could not read the runes, but that Elrond could, suggesting they were inscribed not in normal Cirth but in some special mode which Gandalf did not know—or, as is more likely, it was at first an inconsistency on Tolkien's part, keeping in mind that The Hobbit had not originally been intended to be so closely woven into the Silmarillion legends. Although the inscription in the film version is Lord of the Rings-era Sindarin and Cirth, the Elvish languages had certainly changed since Turgon's time, so it may be that since Elrond was a survivor from the First Age, he would have been able to read the inscription, whereas Gandalf, who had lived in Aman until the middle Third Age, was not acquainted with it. This seems highly unlikely though, as Quenya originates as an Elvish language from the Undying lands of Aman and is the mode of speech for the Noldorin exiles in Beleriand; which Gandalf would have known in his life as the Maia Olorin.

Reproductions Edit

In addition to the licensed reproduction sword linked below, Del Tin Antiche of Italy made unlicensed interpretations of both Glamdring and Orcrist, which were sold through Museum Replicas, Ltd. back in the mid to late 1980s. These were very high quality steel and well-constructed (if quite plain).

United Cutlery currently manufactures an officially licensed replica of the movie prop. (UC2942)

[citation needed]

Translations around the World Edit

Foreign Language Translated name
Arabic غلامدرينغ
Armenian Գլամդրինգ
Belarusian Cyrillic Гламдрынг
Bengali গ্লম্দ্রিন্গ
Bulgarian Cyrillic Гламдринг
Czech Vrahomlat
Chinese (Hong Kong) 敵擊劍
Finnish Vainovasara
Georgian გლამდრინგი
Greek Γκλάμντρινγκ
Gujarati ગ઼લમ્દ્રિન્ગ
Hebrew גלאמדרינג
Hindi ङ्लम्द्रिङ
Japanese グラムドリング
Kannada ಘ್ಲಮ್ದ್ರಿಂಗ್
Kazakh Гламдрінг (Cyrillic) Glamdring (Latin)
Korean 글람드링
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Гламдринг
Lithuanian Glamdringas
Macedonian Cyrillic Гламдринг
Marathi घ्लम्द्रिङ्ग
Mongolian Cyrillic Гламдринг
Nepalese ग्लैमरडिंग
Pashto علامدرینګ ?
Persian علامدرینگ
Punjabi ਗ਼ਲਮ੍ਦ੍ਰਿਨ੍ਗ
Sanskrit ङ्लम्द्रिङ्
Serbian Гламдринг (Cyrillic) Glamdring (Latin)
Slovenian Glamdring - Klina
Russian Гламдринг
Tajik Cyrillic Гламдринг
Telugu గ్లాండ్రింగ్ ?
Thai แกลมดริง
Ukrainian Cyrillic Ґламдрінґ
Urdu گلامڈرانگ
Uzbek Гламдринг (Cyrillic) Glamdring (Latin)
Vietnamese Đập tan Kẻ Thù
Yiddish גלאַמדרינג

References Edit

  1. The Hobbit, Chapter III: "A Short Rest"
  2. The Hobbit, Chapter IV: "Over Hill and Under Hill"
  3. The Lord of the Rings: Weapons and Warfare
  4. The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book Two, Chapter IV: "A Journey in the Dark"
  5. The Hobbit, Chapter IV: "Over Hill and Under Hill"
  6. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. V: The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part Three: "The Etymologies"

External link Edit