|History of Arda|
|Timeline of Arda|
The First Age began with the awakening of Men in Hildórien, and ended with the overthrow of Morgoth. The First Age was also known as the Elder Days. Its significant events are chronicled in The Silmarillion.
J.R.R. Tolkien describes primarily the events of the First Age that occurred in Beleriand. These were centered on a series of wars waged by the Sindar, the Ñoldor and the Three Houses of the Edain (Mankind), against the power of Morgoth. The wars had begun in the Years of the Trees, but were refreshed after the arrival of the Ñoldor in Beleriand. There had been Elves in Beleriand for uncounted millennia, but who were passive, and Morgoth had little to do with them. The Ñoldor, on the other hand, particularly the Sons of Fëanor, had come with the express purpose of opposing Morgoth.
|1||The Sun first sets sail.
Awakening of Men in Hildórien.
Fingolfin's host completes crossing of Helcaraxë.
|20||A council is held among the elven lords at the Mereth Aderthad.|
|50||Turgon and Finrod are told by Ulmo to establish a refuge. This refuge became Gondolin.|
|52||Finrod discovers the caves of Nargothrond|
|53||Turgon discovers valley of Tumladen.|
|60||Dagor Aglareb (Glorious Battle) is fought.
|c. 60 to 200||Melkor is absent from Angband, after discovering Men. Persuaded by Melkor, Men stop worshiping Eru Ilúvatar and turn to evil, but some revolt: the Atanatári. These travel to the West in search for the Valar, aided by Avari Elves and Dwarves. (According to legend, Men now lose the gift to die at will as the result of divine punishment, and are doomed to lead short life-spans at the end of which death takes them by force.) Not true, According to The Silmarillion, based on Tolken's notes, Men were intentionally created with shorter life spans because the life span of Elves were unending.|
|64||Turgon begins building Gondolin.|
|65||Finrod builds the tower of Barad Nimras ("White Horn Tower") on a cape of the Falas between Brithombar and Eglarest.|
|c. 102||Founding of Nargothrond.
Fingon's folk depart from Hithlum
|116||Completion of Gondolin. Turgon's people begin the migration from Nevrast in secret.|
|150||The Dwarves renew their trade in Beleriand.|
|155||An assault upon Hithlum from the Firth of Drengist is defeated by Fingolfin's forces.|
|260||Glaurung ravages Ard-galen, but is driven back to Angband.
The Long Peace begins.
|305||Bëor leads The First House of the Edain into Beleriand.
Men discovered by Finrod.
|FA 320||Maeglin is born in Nan Elmoth|
|341||Haldar and Haleth born.|
|345||Return of Aredhel and Maeglin to Gondolin. Later that year Eöl and Aredhel die.|
|361||Andreth, the daughter of Boromir son of Boron is born.|
|389||Birth of Hador, later Lord of Dor-lómin.|
|432||Birth of Beren Erchamion.|
|c. 455||Birth of Ereinion (later called Gil-galad), son of Orodreth.|
|455||Morgoth breaks the Siege of Angband in Dagor Bragollach and kills Fingolfin in a duel.
Fingolfin's son Fingon succeeds his father as High King of the Ñoldor.
|456||Húrin and Huor return out of Gondolin to Dor-lómin.|
|457||Capture of Finrod's fortress of Minas Tirith by the forces of Sauron. Finrod's nephew Orodreth flees for Nargothrond.
Minas Tirith is renamed Tol-in-Gaurhoth, Isle of the Werewolves.
|460||Barahir and companions are betrayed and killed.
Beren becomes the sole outlaw in Dorthonion.
|464||Birth of Túrin Turambar in Dor-lómin.
|465||Celegorm and Curufin are exiled from Nargothrond and journey to Himring.
|466||Beren and Lúthien achieve the Quest of the Silmaril.
Beren dies, and Lúthien abandons life. Lúthien pleads with Mandos and Beren and Lúthien are restored to life.
|469||Beren and Lúthien return to life in Middle-earth. Lalaith, sister of Turin dies of the plague.|
|471||Birth of Tuor, son of Huor.|
|472||Siege and capture of the Havens of the Falas: Brithombar and Eglarest.
The Nirnaeth Arnoediad is fought.
|c. 473||Birth of Nienor.
Death of Rían.
|475||Birth of Dior Eluchíl on Tol Galen.|
|490||Death of Beleg.
|499||Death of Túrin and Nienor.|
|495||The Battle of Tumhalad and Sack of Nargothrond.
|497||Dior weds Nimloth.|
|499||Slaying of Glaurung.
|500||Birth of Elwing, daughter of Dior.|
|c. 501||Death of Morwen.|
|502||Thingol is slain and Doriath sacked by Dwarves of Nogrod.
|c. 503||Final deaths of Beren and Lúthien.
Dior receives the Silmaril
Death of Húrin.
|c. 504||Birth of Eärendil, son of Idril and Tuor.|
|505||Doriath is destroyed in the Second Kinslaying.
Dior, Nimloth, and sons are killed.
|510||Gondolin is betrayed by Maeglin and sacked.
|530||Eärendil weds Elwing.|
|532||Elrond and Elros are born to Eärendil and Elwing.|
|538||Third Kinslaying: while Eärendil is away the remaining Sons of Fëanor attack the people of the Mouths of Sirion trying to claim the Silmaril.
Amrod is slain.
Maglor begins raising Elrond and Elros.
|545 to 587||The War of Wrath.
Most of Beleriand is sunk.
Galadriel refuses the summons and is still banned.
J. R. R. Tolkien does not give First Age dates in the Appendix B or in Quenta Silmarillion. In works such as The Annals of Aman, Tolkien measures the First Age with Valian Years (VY) and then Years of the Sun (YS).
Robert Foster, among other Tolkienists, attempted to chronicle the First Age, using as convention the Years of the Sun as "First Age", keeping a format similar to the annals in Appendix B. For example, the twentieth Year of the Sun is referred to as I 20 or FA 20, though Foster admits that the definition YS 1 would be more accurate than FA 1. Unfortunately, this convention creates the ambiguation that FA 1 was the first year of the First Age marked as such by the first sunrise, leading to the term "Ages of the Sun", which does not appear in Tolkien's works.
However, Tolkien tells that the Exile of the Ñoldor happened at the end of the First Age meaning the year labeled FA 1 was indeed near the end of this long Age. Furthermore, in The Peoples of Middle-earth, Tolkien explicitly states the First Age was the longest of all Ages, signifying therefore the term "First Age" could be expanded before the first rising of the Sun. But when exactly the First Age began is not clear (perhaps, it was not defined by the chronicles). Possible beginnings of the First Age must have been the creation of Arda itself; the creation of the Two Trees of Valinor which also kept track of time; or most likely the Awakening of the Elves in YT 1050.
Chief battles of this Age
- The Dagor-nuin-Giliath, so named because it was fought before the rising of the Sun) was fought soon after the arrival of the Ñoldor. Morgoth sent a raiding party from Angband to attack the Ñoldor encampment in Hithlum, but the elves drove it back. Fëanor was killed. It is considered the second battle in the Wars of Beleriand, after one that took place during the Years of the Trees.
- The Dagor Aglareb was fought about seventy-five years after the return of the Ñoldor. Morgoth again attacked the Ñoldor, and (again) with no success. The Ñoldor became so bold as to besiege Angband. However, the Siege was of limited effectiveness, because the northern side of Angband on the north side of the Ered Engrin, and was unapproachable to the Elven forces.
- The Dagor Bragollach began when Morgoth poured rivers of fire out of Angband, ruining the besieging Ñoldorin armies. The Ñoldor eventually mustered a defense, but their losses were severe. For instance, the green plain of Ard-galen had been permanently laid waste by the rivers of fire, and was now called Anfauglith, the Choking Dust; and the highlands of Dorthonion, which had been inhabited by Edain, were made inhospitable.
- The Nirnaeth Arnoediad was the first battle to be started by the Ñoldor for the purpose of ending the power of Morgoth. They massed an army composed of Elves, Edain, and the Easterling houses of Bór and Ulfang allied to the Sons of Fëanor. The Elves and their allies came very close to Angband, but Morgoth's trickery had upset their battle plan, and Ulfang proved to be treacherous. The name "Unnumbered Tears" comes from the fact that the Elves' last hope of victory was destroyed. The land of Hithlum was lost, the Sons of Fëanor were largely scattered, and the free peoples of Beleriand had been decimated. The forces of Morgoth made a heap of the Elven and Mannish dead in the center of Anfauglith.
- The War of Wrath took place after Eärendil sailed to Valinor and persuaded the Valar to help those whom they had forsaken. The Valar gathered an army comprised of Maiar, Vanyar, and those Ñoldor who had stayed in Valinor. The Teleri refused their aid, due to the Kinslaying at Alqualondë, but consented to ferry the armies of the Valar in their famous ships. This battle marked the first appearance of the winged dragons, most notably Ancalagon the Black, but the Valar had the day. Morgoth was captured, and cast out of Arda, but his lands, as well as most of Beleriand, had been destroyed and sunk under the sea in the heat of battle.
|Foreign Language||Translated name|
|Albanian||Koha e parë|
|Belarusian Cyrillic||Першая век|
|Bulgarian Cyrillic||Първат Епоха|
|Chinese (Hong Kong)||第一紀元|
|Cebuano||Una nga panahon|
|Haitian Creole||Premye laj|
|Irish Gaelic||An Chéadaois|
|Kazakh||Бірінші дәуірі (Cyrillic) Birinşi däwiri (Latin)|
|Kurdish||Temenê Yekem (Kurmanji)|
|Kyrgyz Cyrillic||Биринчи доору|
|Macedonian Cyrillic||Првото време|
|Mongolian Cyrillic||Эхний үе|
|Querétaro Otomi||Ndui Bätsitho|
|Scottish Gaelic||A 'chiad aois|
|Serbian||Прва доба (Cyrillic) Prva doba (Latin)|
|Sesotho||Dilemo la Pele|
|Spanish||Primera Edad del Sol|
|Swahili||Umri Kwanza ?|
|Tajik Cyrillic||Давраи аввал|
|Ukrainian Cyrillic||Перша доба|
|Uzbek||Биринчи даври (Cyrillic) Birinchi davri (Latin)|
|Vietnamese||Thời đại đầu tiên|
|Welsh||Yr Oes Gyntaf|
|Yoruba||Akọkọ ọjọ ori|