|History of Arda|
|Timeline of Arda|
The First Age began with the awakening of Elves, and ended with the overthrow of Morgoth. It included the last portion of the Years of the Trees and the first portion of the Years of the Sun. Its significant events are chronicled in The Silmarillion.
J.R.R. Tolkien described primarily the events of the First Age that occurred in Beleriand. These were centered on a series of wars waged by the Sindar, the Ñoldor and the Three Houses of the Edain (Mankind), against the power of Morgoth. The wars had begun in the Years of the Trees, but were refreshed after the arrival of the Ñoldor in Beleriand. There had been Elves in Beleriand for uncounted millennia, but who were passive, and Morgoth had little to do with them. The Ñoldor, on the other hand, particularly the Sons of Fëanor, had come with the express purpose of opposing Morgoth.
After the destruction of Two Trees of Valinor, the Valar made the Sun and the Moon out of the final fruit of Laurelin and the final flower of Telperion and set them in the heavens. That began The Years of the Sun. Men awoke at the first rising of the first Sun.
Before the Years of the Sun
|YT 1050||Varda creates the Great Stars, setting the Sickle of the Valar in the north as a challenge to Melkor.
|Fathers of the Dwarves and first Ents awakened by Eru.
Elves discover the Ents and begin teaching them language.
|YT 1080||Melkor discovers the Elves and begins capturing them in secret. He breeds the first Orcs, afflicting the Elves with horror.|
|Khazad-dûm founded by Durin the Deathless.|
|YT 1085||Oromë discovers the Elves, and calls them Eldar. The Eldar are afraid of Oromë, and blame him for Melkor's work.|
|YT 1086||Oromë rides back to Valinor and brings message to the Valar. Oromë returns to Middle-earth to stay with the Elves.|
|YT 1090||Manwë resolves to make a great war upon Melkor.
Over the next two years Melkor is defeated by the Valar and flees into Utumno.
|YT 1092||The Valar partially destroy Angband and begin the long Siege of Utumno.|
|YT 1099||The Siege of Utumno ends. Tulkas captures Melkor and chains him with Angainor.|
|YT 1100||Utumnno is completely destroyed. Sauron evades his master's downfall and hides in Angband, breeding Orcs and Trolls for Melkor.
|YT 1101||The Valar summon the Elves through Oromë.|
|YT 1102||The Elves refuse to leave Middle-earth.
|YT 1104||Ambassadors return to Cuiviénen and invite the Elves to return with them to Valinor.|
|YT 1105||The first Sundering of the Elves: the Vanyar under Ingwë, Ñoldor under Finwë, and Teleri under Elwë, depart for Valinor in the Great Journey. The Avari, under Morwë and Nurwë, stay in Cuiviénen.|
|YT 1115||Second Sundering of the Elves: The host pass Greenwood the Great and come to the River Anduin. Terrified by the Hithaeglir, a part of them go south led by Lenwë and become the Nandor.|
|YT 1125||The Vanyar and Ñoldor arrive in Beleriand.|
|YT 1128||The host of the Teleri arrive in Beleriand, tarrying in the great forests of Eriador.|
|YT 1130||Elwë is lost in Nan Elmoth. He finds Melian the Maia and is entranced.|
|YT 1132||Ulmo is unwilling to wait until Elwë is found. He brings a mobile island (Tol Eressëa), and the Vanyar and Ñoldor are ferried to Valinor on it.
The Teleri stay behind, looking for Elwë.
|YT 1133||The Vanyar and Ñoldor arrive in Aman.
|YT 1140||Tirion is completed.
The Vanyar travel into Valinor, taking up abode on the slopes of Taniquetil.
|YT 1142||Yavanna gives the tree Galathilion to the Ñoldor.|
|YT 1149||Ulmo returns to Middle-Earth to bring the Teleri to Aman.
Ossë persuades some of the Teleri to stay in Middle-Earth with him. They become the Elves of the Falas, and establish the havens Brithombar and Eglarest. Círdan becomes their lord, and Ossë teaches them shipcraft.
|YT 1150||Most of the Teleri leave Beleriand, taking Elwë's brother Olwë as their lord. They're ferried across on Tol Eressëa, which is anchored in the bay of Eldamar.
The kinsfolk and friends of Elwë stay behind, calling themselves "Eglath", the Forsaken People.
|YT 1151||Olwë and his people are called the Falmari upon arrival in Aman on Tol Eressëa.|
|Finwë marries Míriel.|
|YT 1152||Elwë wakes from his trance and dwells with Melian in the forests of Beleriand. He is later called Elu Thingol. He settles in Doriath and rules over his remaining Teleri kin, the Sindar.|
|Nogrod and Belegost founded by Dwarves.|
|YT 1161||The Falmari learn the art of shipbuilding, and ferry across the bay of Eldamar to Aman. They begin construction of the city of Alqualondë with the help of Finwë and the Ñoldor. Tol Eressëa is abandoned.|
|YT 1165||The last of the Vanyar leave Tirion and settle in Aman proper.
|YT 1169||Fëanor, son of Finwë and Míriel is born.
The Ñoldor are taught smithing by Aulë, delighting in jewels and other labours.
|YT 1170||Birth of Fëanor, death of Míriel.|
|YT 1172||Doom of Manwë concerning the espousals of the Eldar.|
|YT 1185||Finwë weds Indis.|
|YT 1190||Fingolfin, second son of Finwë born.|
|YT 1200||Second Age of Chaining of Melkor
|YT 1230||Finarfin, third son of Finwë born.|
|The Elves of the Falas join with the Sindar in an alliance.
|YT 1250||Fëanor devises new letters, called Tengwar.
|YT 1280||Finarfin weds Eärwen daughter of Olwë.|
|YT 1300||Turgon son of Fingolfin is born.
Finrod son of Finarfin is born.
|YT 1330||Orcs first appear in Beleriand. Dwarves make weapons for the Sindar.|
|YT 1350||The Nandor under Denethor arrive in Beleriand. They befriend Thingol and the Sindar, who allow them to dwell in Ossiriand, and they become known as the Laiquendi.|
|YT 1362||Galadriel is born.
|YT 1400||Melkor sues for pardon and is released from prison in the Halls of Mandos.|
|YT 1410||Melkor dwells in Valmar and befriends the Ñoldor.|
|YT 1449||Fëanor begins the making of the Silmarils.|
|YT 1450||The Silmarils are made and Varda hallows them.|
|YT 1469||Idril daughter of Turgon is born.|
|YT 1450 to 1490||Melkor spreads lies among the Ñoldor.|
|YT 1481||Gil-galad, the son of Orodreth and great-grandson of Finarfin, is born in Eldamar.|
|YT 1490||The Valar summon Fëanor who threatens Fingolfin with his sword. They banished him from Tirion. His father Finwë and many of the Ñoldor follow him in exile to Formenos.|
|YT 1492||Melkor appears before the doors of Fëanor and is rejected. He departs Formenos and joins forces with Ungoliant.|
|YT 1495||Manwë tries to heal the feud of the Ñoldor, and summons Fëanor to a festival in Valmar. Melkor and Ungoliant destroy the Two Trees, kill Finwë and steal the Silmarils. Fëanor first names Melkor Morgoth.
Fëanor rebels against the Valar. He and his sons swear an Oath to regain the Silmarils. The majority of the Ñoldor go to Alqualondë and demand the swanships of the Teleri. When the Teleri refuse, the Ñoldor kill many Teleri and seize their ships in the First Kinslaying.
The Flight of the Ñoldor begins.
|YT 1496||Mandos appears before the Ñoldor and delivers the Doom of Mandos. The Ñoldor are banished from Valinor, and the Valar hide Valinor behind the Enchanted Isles and raise the Pelóri mountains higher.
Finarfin and some of the Vanyar repent and head back to Valinor. His children, however, continue to follow Fëanor.
|Ungoliant confronts Morgoth in Lammoth and demands the Silmarils. Balrogs issue from Angband and drive her away. Ungoliant flees to Ered Gorgoroth.
|YT 1497||Girdle of Melian set in Doriath.
Death of Amras son of Fëanor. (1 version only)
Dagor-nuin-Giliath is fought.
Fëanor is wounded by Gothmog and dies.
Maedhros meets with Melkor and is captured.
|YT 1498||Maedhros is chained on Thangorodrim.|
|YT 1500||Creation of the Moon and Sun. The Moon arises.
Years of the Sun
|YS 1||The Sun first sets sail.
|20||A festival is held among the Elven lords at the Mereth Aderthad.|
|50||Turgon and Finrod are told by Ulmo to establish refuges. These later become Gondolin and Nargothrond.|
|52||Finrod discovers the caves of Nulukkizdîn and soon begins building Nargothrond with aid from the Dwarves.|
|53||Turgon discovers valley of Tumladen.|
|60||Dagor Aglareb (Glorious Battle) is fought.
|c. 60 to 200||Morgoth is absent from Angband, after discovering Men. Persuaded by Melkor's lies, some Men stop worshipping Eru Ilúvatar and turn to evil, but others revolt: the Atanatári. These travel to the West in search for the Valar, aided by Avari Elves and Dwarves. (According to Melkor's lies, Men now lose the gift to die at will as the result of divine punishment, and are doomed to lead short life-spans at the end of which death takes them by force.) Not true, According to The Silmarillion, based on Tolkien's notes, Men were intentionally created with shorter life spans ending with the Gift of Men.
Finrod builds the fortress of Minas Tirith.
|64||Turgon begins building Gondolin.|
|65||Finrod builds the tower of Barad Nimras ("White Horn Tower") on a cape of the Falas between Brithombar and Eglarest.|
|c. 102||Founding of Nargothrond.
Finrod hands over Minas Tirith to his nephew Orodreth.
|116||Completion of Gondolin. Turgon's people begin the migration from Nevrast in secret.|
|150||The Dwarves renew their trade in Beleriand.|
|155||An assault upon Hithlum from the Firth of Drengist is defeated by Fingolfin's forces.|
|260||Glaurung ravages Ard-galen, but is driven back to Angband.
The Long Peace begins.
|310||Bëor leads The First House of the Edain into Beleriand.
Men discovered by Finrod.
|320||Maeglin is born in Nan Elmoth|
|341||Haldar and Haleth born.|
|361||Andreth, the daughter of Boromir son of Boron is born.|
|389||Birth of Hador, later Lord of Dor-lómin.|
|400||Return of Aredhel and Maeglin to Gondolin. Later that year Eöl and Aredhel die.|
|432||Birth of Beren Erchamion.|
|c. 455||Birth of Ereinion (later called Gil-galad), son of Orodreth.|
|455||Morgoth breaks the Siege of Angband in the Dagor Bragollach and kills Fingolfin in a duel.
|456||Húrin and Huor return from Gondolin to Dor-lómin.|
|457||Capture of Finrod's fortress of Minas Tirith by the forces of Sauron. Finrod's nephew Orodreth flees for Nargothrond.
Minas Tirith is renamed Tol-in-Gaurhoth, Isle of the Werewolves.
|460||Barahir and companions are betrayed and killed.
|464||Birth of Túrin in Dor-lómin.
|465||Celegorm and Curufin are exiled from Nargothrond and journey to Himring.
Finrod is slain by a werewolf, but Beren is rescued by Lúthien.
|466||Beren and Lúthien achieve the Quest of the Silmaril.
Beren dies, and Lúthien abandons life. Lúthien pleads with Mandos and Beren and Lúthien are restored to life.
|469||Beren and Lúthien return to life in Middle-earth, taking up their abode in Dor Firn-i-Guinar in Ossiriand. Lalaith, sister of Túrin dies of the plague.|
|470||Birth of Dior Eluchíl on Tol Galen.|
|471||Birth of Tuor, son of Huor.|
|472||Siege and capture of the Havens of the Falas: Brithombar and Eglarest.
Deaths of Huor and Fingon,
|c. 473||Birth of Niënor.
Death of Rían.
|490||Death of Beleg.
|495||The Battle of Tumhalad and Sack of Nargothrond.
|497||Dior weds Nimloth.|
|499||Slaying of Glaurung.
Deaths of Túrin Turambar and Niënor Níniel in Brethil.
|500||Birth of Elwing, daughter of Dior.|
|c. 501||Death of Morwen.|
|502||Thingol is slain and Doriath sacked by Dwarves of Nogrod.
Dior refounds Doriath.
|c. 503||Final deaths of Beren and Lúthien.
Dior receives the Silmaril
Death of Húrin.
|505||Doriath is destroyed in the Second Kinslaying.
Dior, Nimloth, and their sons Eluréd and Elurín are killed.
|510||Gondolin is betrayed by Maeglin and sacked.
|525||Eärendil weds Elwing at the Havens of Sirion.
|532||Elrond and Elros are born to Eärendil and Elwing.|
|538||Third Kinslaying: while Eärendil is away the remaining Sons of Fëanor attack the people of the Mouths of Sirion, trying to claim the Silmaril.
Elwing casts herself in the sea but is brought to Eärendil by Ulmo.
Maglor begins raising Elrond and Elros.
|545 to 587||The War of Wrath.
Most of Beleriand is sunk.
Maedhros and Maglor steal the Silmarils, but the jewels burn their hands and Maedhros jumps into a fiery chasm with his Silmaril whilst Maglor casts his Silmaril into the sea, the fate of Maglor is unknown.
|YS 590||Morgoth is thrust through the Door of Night into the Void
The Host of the Valar leaves Middle-earth and summons the Elves to remove to Aman and settle on Tol Eressëa; Círdan, Galadriel and Celeborn, Celebrimbor, Gil-galad and Elrond all elect to remain. A small part of the Ñoldor remain in Lindon, while some Sindar depart east and establish realms under Oropher and Amdír
J.R.R. Tolkien does not give First Age dates in the Appendix B or in Quenta Silmarillion. In works such as The Annals of Aman, Tolkien measures the First Age with Valian Years (VY) and then Years of the Sun (YS).
Robert Foster, among other Tolkienists, attempted to chronicle the First Age, using as convention the Years of the Sun as "First Age", keeping a format similar to the annals in Appendix B. For example, the twentieth Year of the Sun is referred to as I 20 or FA 20, though Foster admits that the definition YS 1 would be more accurate than FA 1. Unfortunately, this convention creates the ambiguation that FA 1 was the first year of the First Age marked as such by the first sunrise, leading to the term "Ages of the Sun", which does not appear in Tolkien's works.
However, Tolkien tells that the Exile of the Ñoldor happened at the end of the First Age meaning the year labeled FA 1 was indeed near the end of this long Age. Furthermore, in The Peoples of Middle-earth, Tolkien explicitly states the First Age was the longest of all Ages, signifying therefore the term "First Age" could be expanded before the first rising of the Sun. But when exactly the First Age began is not clear (perhaps, it was not defined by the chronicles). Possible beginnings of the First Age must have been the creation of Arda itself; the creation of the Two Trees of Valinor which also kept track of time; or most likely the Awakening of the Elves in YT 1050.
Chief battles of this Age
- The Dagor-nuin-Giliath, so named because it was fought before the rising of the Sun, was fought soon after the arrival of the Ñoldor. Morgoth sent a raiding party from Angband to attack the Ñoldor encampment in Hithlum, but the Elves drove it back. Fëanor was killed. It is considered the second battle in the Wars of Beleriand, after one that took place during the Years of the Trees.
- The Dagor Aglareb was fought about seventy-five years after the return of the Ñoldor. Morgoth again attacked the Ñoldor, and (again) with no success. The Ñoldor became so bold as to besiege Angband. However, the Siege was of limited effectiveness, because the northern side of Angband on the north side of the Ered Engrin was unapproachable to the Elven forces.
- The Dagor Bragollach began when Morgoth poured rivers of fire out of Angband, ruining the besieging Ñoldorin armies. The Ñoldor eventually mustered a defense, but their losses were severe. For instance, the green plain of Ard-galen had been permanently laid waste by the rivers of fire, and was now called Anfauglith, the Choking Dust; and the highlands of Dorthonion, which had been inhabited by Edain, were made inhospitable.
- The Nírnaeth Arnoediad was the first battle to be started by the Ñoldor for the purpose of ending the power of Morgoth. They massed an army composed of Elves, Edain, and the Easterling houses of Bór and Ulfang allied to the Sons of Fëanor. The Elves and their allies came very close to Angband, but Morgoth's trickery had upset their battle plan, and Ulfang proved to be treacherous. The name "Unnumbered Tears" comes from the fact that the Elves' last hope of victory was destroyed. The land of Hithlum was lost, the Sons of Fëanor were largely scattered, and the free peoples of Beleriand had been decimated. The forces of Morgoth made a heap of the Elven and Mannish dead in the center of Anfauglith.
- The War of Wrath took place after Eärendil sailed to Valinor and persuaded the Valar to help those whom they had forsaken. The Valar gathered an army comprised of Maiar, Vanyar, and those Ñoldor who had stayed in Valinor. The Teleri refused their aid, due to the Kinslaying at Alqualondë, but consented to ferry the Host of Valinor in their famous ships. This battle marked the first appearance of the winged dragons, most notably Ancalagon the Black, but the Valar had the day. Morgoth was captured, and cast out of Arda, but his lands, as well as most of Beleriand, had been destroyed and sunk under the sea in the heat of battle.
|Foreign Language||Translated name|
|Albanian||Koha e parë|
|Belarusian Cyrillic||Першая век|
|Bulgarian Cyrillic||Първат Епоха|
|Chinese (Hong Kong)||第一紀元|
|Cebuano||Una nga panahon|
|Haitian Creole||Premye laj|
|Irish Gaelic||Chéad Aois|
|Kazakh||Бірінші дәуірі (Cyrillic) Birinşi däwiri (Latin)|
|Kurdish||Temenê Yekem (Kurmanji)|
|Kyrgyz Cyrillic||Биринчи доору|
|Macedonian Cyrillic||Првото време|
|Mongolian Cyrillic||Эхний үе|
|Querétaro Otomi||Ndui Bätsitho|
|Scottish Gaelic||A 'chiad aois|
|Serbian||Прва доба (Cyrillic) Prva doba (Latin)|
|Sesotho||Dilemo la Pele|
|Spanish||Primera Edad del Sol|
|Swahili||Umri Kwanza ?|
|Tajik Cyrillic||Давраи аввал|
|Ukrainian Cyrillic||Перша доба|
|Uzbek||Биринчи даври (Cyrillic) Birinchi davri (Latin)|
|Vietnamese||Thời đại đầu tiên|
|Welsh||Yr Oes Gyntaf|
|Yoruba||Akọkọ ọjọ ori|
- The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 10: Morgoth's Ring, The Later Quenta Silmarillion, The Second Phase, II: "The Earliest Version of the Story of Finwë and Míriel"
- "Commentary on the fourth section of the Annals of Aman"
- The History of Middle-earth, Vol. X: Morgoth's Ring, The Annals of Aman
- The History of Middle-earth, Vol. XI: The War of the Jewels, The Wanderings of Húrin and Other Writings