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Finarfin was a Ñoldorin Elf of Valinor.

He was said to be the fairest and wisest of Finwë's sons.[4] Like all of Finwë's sons, Finarfin founded his own royal house. Uniquely among the Ñoldor, he and his descendants had golden hair inherited from his Vanyarin mother Indis, thus his house was sometimes called "The Golden House of Finarfin".[5]

Biography

Finarfin and Eärwen, by Līga Kļaviņa

Finarfin was the youngest child and third son of Finwë, High-King of the Ñoldor in Aman, with his second wife Indis of the Vanyar. His elder siblings were Findis, Fingolfin, and Írimë; his elder half-brother was the infamous Ñoldorin High-prince Fëanor, son of Finwë and his first wife Míriel. In YT 1280,[2] Finarfin married Eärwen, the daughter of Olwë, King of the Teleri, which therefore made him related to Thingol, King of Doriath, Olwë's brother. Together, they had four (or five) children: Finrod Felagund, Orodreth (according to the published Silmarillion) Angrod, Aegnor, and an only daughter Galadriel who was the youngest child.[4]

After the death of Finwë, Finarfin was there when Fëanor gave his wrathful speech before the Ñoldor of Tirion; listening to the hasty words, he tried in vain to persuade the Ñoldor to pause and not be rash. Nevertheless he departed with his brothers for Middle-earth. He turned back when Mandos pronounced the Doom of the Ñoldor. Finarfin and his people were pardoned by the Valar,[6] and he became King of the residual Ñoldor in Aman and presumably still rules from Tirion on Túna.[1][7]

Finarfin took part in the War of Wrath by leading the Ñoldorin-remnant from Aman. [8]

Etymology

His father-name is Arafinwë, the "Noble-Finwë", from the Quenya ara ("noble, high, royal").[9][10] His amilessë (mother-name) is Ingoldo ("the Ñoldo").[1]

Other names

An Old English translation for his name was Finred Felanop, in which "Felanop" means "very bold".[11]

Descendants

Through Galadriel, he is the grandfather of Lady Celebrian of Rivendell (wife of Elrond), and consequently, the great-grandfather of her three children Elladan and Elrohir, and Arwen Undómiel, future Queen of Gondor. [1]

House of Finarfin

The Heraldic Device of the House of Finarfin.

Finwë
   
   
Indis
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Fingolfin
   
   
Finarfin
   
   
Eärwen
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Finrod
   
   
Angrod
   
   
Eldalótë
   
   
Aegnor
   
   
Galadriel
   
   
Celeborn
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Orodreth
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Celebrían
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
Finduilas
   
   
   
   
   
   
Gil-galad


Other versions of the legendarium

In the early versions of the legendarium, Finarfin was referred as "Finrod" his son Finrod Felagund was "Inglor Felagund". As such, he appears in the first edition of The Lord of the Rings as Finrod. This was changed in later editions, but not all references to Inglor were removed. (See Gildor Inglorion)

There was an error to a character's name, wherein J.R.R. Tolkien changed Ingwiel son of Ingwe to Finarfin son of Finwe.[12]

Notes

  1.   Orodreth appears as one of Finarfin's sons in the published Silmarillion. In Tolkien's writings however he clearly is Angrod's son, but this was changed in the Silmarillion by Christopher Tolkien, which he later admitted was a mistake.

See also

Translations

Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ፊናርፊን
Arabic فينارفين
Armenian Ֆինարֆին
Belarusian Cyrillic Фінарфін
Bengali ফিনারফিন
Bulgarian Cyrillic Финарфин
Chinese 費納芬
Georgian ფინარფინი
Greek Φινάρφιν
Gujarati ફિનરફિન
Hebrew פינרפין
Hindi फ़िनर्फ़िन
Japanese フィナルフィン
Kannada ಫಿನಾರ್ಫಿನ್
Kazakh Финарфин (Cyrillic) Fïnarfïn (Latin)
Korean 피나르핀
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Финарфин
Macedonian Cyrillic Финарфин
Marathi फिनारफिन
Mongolian Cyrillic Финарфин
Nepalese फ़िनर्फ़िन
Pashto فینارفین
Persian فینارفین
Punjabi ਫਿਨਰਫਿਨ
Russian Финарфин
Serbian Финарфин (Cyrillic) Finarfin (Latin)
Sinhalese ෆිනර්ෆින්
Tajik Cyrillic Финарфин
Tamil பைனபின்
Thai ฟินาร์ฟิน
Ukrainian Cyrillic Фінарфін
Urdu فینارفین
Uzbek Финарфин (Cyrillic) Finarfin (Latin)
Yiddish פֿינאַרפֿינ
High King of the Ñoldor (in Valinor)
Preceded by
Finwë
Finarfin Succeeded by
None, presumably still rules
YT 1496 - ?

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 The History of Middle-earth, Vol. XII: The Peoples of Middle-earth, chapter XI: "The Shibboleth of Fëanor"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; no text was provided for refs named annals
  3. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 1: The Book of Lost Tales Part One, I: "The Cottage of Lost Play"
  4. 4.0 4.1 The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter V: "Of Eldamar and the Princes of the Eldalië"
  5. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 5: The Lost Road and Other Writings, Part One: "The Fall of Númenor and the Lost Road"
  6. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 1: The Book of Lost Tales Part One, VII: "The Flight of the Noldoli", Notes and Commentary
  7. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter IX: "Of the Flight of the Noldor"
  8. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XXIV: "Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  9. The Silmarillion, Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin names
  10. Parma Eldalamberon, Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien
  11. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 4: The Shaping of Middle-earth, III: "The Quenta", Appendix 1: Translation of Quenta Noldorinwa into Old English
  12. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. 4: The Shaping of Middle-earth, IV: "The First 'Silmarillion' Map"
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