Esgalduin was the main river of Doriath. The Esgalduin flowed from the hills of Dorthonion through Doriath past the caves of Menegroth under the Stone Bridge leading to the gates of the city; finally meeting up with the River Sirion in the west.

The Esgalduin had two unnamed upper branches of its own in Ered Gorgoroth. One ran along the border between Dor Dínen and Nan Dungortheb, and the other ran west for about 20 miles from the mountains into Nan Dungortheb and further south-east until merging with the first.[1][2]


In a manuscript dating from the late 1950's and early 1960's, Tolkien wrote that Esgalduin is a Sindarin name meaning "the river under shade".

In earlier etymologies, Esgalduin was said to be Ilkorin for "River under Veil (of [?leaves])", consisting of the elements esgal ("screen, hiding, roof of leaves") + duin ("water, river").[citation needed]


Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ዐስጋልዱኢን
Arabic اسغالدوان
Armenian Եսգալդւին
Belarusian Cyrillic Эсгалдуін
Bengali জগাল্ডউইন
Bulgarian Cyrillic Есгалдуин
Burmese ဧသ္ဂလ္ဒုဣန္
Cambodian អេសហ្គីឌីន
Catalan Esgàlduin
Chinese (Hong Kong) 愛斯卡督印河
Georgian ესგალდუინი
Greek Εσγαλδοιν
Gujarati એસ્ગ્લડુઇન
Hebrew אסגאלדואין
Hindi एस्गल्दुइन
Japanese エスガルドゥイン
Kannada ಏಸ್ಗಲ್ದುಇನ
Kazakh Эскалдин (Cyrillic) Éskaldïn (Latin)
Korean 에스 갈딘
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Эсгалдуин
Macedonian Cyrillic Есгалдуин
Marathi एस्गल्डुइन
Mongolian Cyrillic Эсгалдуин
Nepalese एस्गलडिन
Pashto ېسګالدوین
Persian هسگالدوین ?
Polish Esgalduina
Punjabi ਐਸਗਲਾਡੁਇਨ
Russian Эсгалдуин
Sanskrit एस्गल्दुइन्
Serbian Есгалдуин (Cyrillic) Esgalduin (Latin)
Sinhalese ඒස්ගල්දුඉන්
Tajik Cyrillic Есгалдуин
Tamil ஏஸ்கல்துஇந்
Telugu ఏస్గల్దుఇన
Thai แซgะลดุิน ?
Ukrainian Cyrillic Есгальдуин
Urdu اسگالڈوان
Uzbek Есгалдуин (Cyrillic) Esgalduin (Latin)
Yiddish ײסגאַלדוינ

Rivers of Beleriand

Adurant | Aros | Ascar | Brilthor | Brithon | Celebros | Celon | Dry River | Duilwen | Esgalduin | Gelion | Ginglith | Glithui | Greater Gelion | Legolin | Little Gelion | Malduin | Mindeb | Narog | Nenning | Ringwil | Sirion | Taeglin


  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The First Age, The Elder Days, "Beleriand and the Lands to the North"
  2. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The First Age, The Elder Days, "Menegroth, the Thousand Caves"
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