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Enedwaith referred to the region of Middle-earth between Arnor and Gondor, as well as to the men who resided there.

History & inhabitants

During the First and early Second Ages, Enedwaith was heavily forested; however, with the arrival of the Númenóreans from the west, the landscape was desecrated from the seventh century of the Second Age onwards.[3][4]

The peoples of Enedwaith were distantly related to the Haladin of old (the Second House of the Edain). However, this fact wasn't recognized in time by the Númenóreans (who were mainly descended from the First and Third Houses of the Edain) and thus spoke a language that was not related. It is mentioned as well that the Enedwaithrim (Dunlendings of Calenardhon and inhabitants of Enedwaith) were not ranked as Middle Men (friends and distant kin of the Edain) but instead ranked among the "people of darkness," enemies, and aliens.[5]

The newly arid forests of Enedwaith (and much of those to the north in Eriador) were conclusively destroyed by the War of the Elves and Sauron around the year SA 1700, during which much of what had survived the felling was burnt. Only isolated corners like Eryn Vorn and the Old Forest survived. Many surviving natives took refuge in the eastern highlands of Enedwaith, "the foothills of the Misty Mountains," which ultimately became Dunland.[3]

Enedwaith, as depicted in The Lord of the Rings Online

After SA 3320, Enedwaith formed the most western part of the new Kingdom of Gondor. The south-east was still located in woods and forests of vast reaches, but elsewhere Enedwaith was by this time primarily grasslands. The only known settlement was at Tharbad, maintained by Gondor's garrison to protect the city and the North-South Road. Nonetheless, following the Great Plague of TA 1636, Gondor's authority permanently ended throughout the region.[3]

Enedwaith depicted as part of the Reunited Kingdom in the Fourth Age

Tharbad (initially one of two ancient cities on the Gwathló and the only one to survive beyond the early Third Age) was finally abandoned following devastating floods in TA 2912[6]. After that, only two groups survived in Enedwaith: the Dunlendings in the far east and the Algraig, fisher-folk wandering the coast.[3]

However, in the early Fourth Age, Enedwaith was absorbed into the Reunited kingdom.

Etymology

Enedwaith (also spelled Enedhwaith) is Sindarin, meaning "middle-folk" or "middle-region" from enedh ("middle") and gwaith ("people"). Though the suffix gwaith usually refers to people, it was also used for regions.

References

  1. "The History of Middle-earth", Vol. XII: The Peoples of Middle-earth, chapter X: "Of Dwarves and Men", "The Atani and their Languages"
  2. The Treason of Isengard, chapter XX, "The Riders of Rohan", pg. 403
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Unfinished Tales, Part Two: The Second Age, Chapter IV: "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", Appendix D, The Port of Lond Daer
  4. "The History of Middle-earth", Vol. XII: The Peoples of Middle-earth, chapter X: "Of Dwarves and Men", "The Atani and their Languages"
  5. "Unfinished Tales", Part Four, Chapter I: "The Drúedain", Notes
  6. The Lord of The Rings, "The Return of The King", Book Four, Appendix B

Translations

Foreign Language Translated name
Belerusian Cyrillic Энедвейт
Bengali এনডিয়েট
Bulgarian Cyrillic Енедщаит
Chinese 伊寧威治
Danish Enedwaith (Det Centrale Lavland)
Georgian ენედვაისი
Gujarati ઇનેડવિથ
Hebrew אנדוואית
Hindi ऐन्ऐद्व्ऐथ
Hungarian Közép-nép
Japanese エネドワイス
Kannada ಎನೆಡ್ವೈತ್
Korean 엔드 웨이트
Macedonian Cyrillic Енедваит
Marathi एनेडवाइथ
Punjabi ਈਨਡਵੈਥ
Russian Энедвайт
Tajik Cyrillic Енедwаит
Places of Middle-earth and Arda

Middle-earth Locations:

Provinces/Regions:

Dunland | Ithilien | Rohan | Arnor | Ettenmoors | Gondor | Lindon | Minhiriath | Rhûn | The Shire | Mordor | Harad | Forochel

Forests & Mountains:

Amon Dîn | Amon Hen | Amon Lhaw | Caradhras | Emyn Muil | Erebor | Fangorn Forest | High Pass | Iron Hills | Lórien | Mirkwood | Mount Doom | Old Forest | Tower Hills | Weather Hills

City/Fortifications:

Angband | Barad-dûr | Bree | Caras Galadhon | Dol Guldur | Fornost | Hornburg | Isengard | Minas Morgul | Minas Tirith | Orthanc | Osgiliath | Rivendell | Umbar | Utumno

Miscellaneous:

Cair Andros | Gap of Rohan | Grey Havens | Buckland | Enedwaith | Dagorlad | Dead Marshes | Fords of Isen | Weathertop | Argonath

The rest of Arda:

Númenor | Dark Land | Aman | Valinor | Tol Eressëa