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Enedwaith was a region of Middle-earth between Arnor and Gondor; the word also referred to the men who resided there.

History & inhabitants

During the First and early Second Ages, Enedwaith was heavily forested; however, with the arrival of the Númenóreans from the west, the landscape was deforested from the seventh century of the Second Age onward.[3][4]

The peoples of Enedwaith were distantly related to the Haladin of old (the Second House of the Edain). However, this fact was not recognized in time by the Númenóreans (who were mainly descended from the First and ThirdHouses of the Edain) and thus spoke a language that was not related. It is mentioned as well that the Dunlendings of Calenardhon were not ranked as Middle Men, but instead ranked among the "people of darkness," enemies, and aliens.[5]

The forests of Enedwaith (and much of those to the north in Eriador) were conclusively destroyed by the War of the Elves and Sauron around the year SA 1700, during which much of what had survived the felling was burnt. Only isolated corners like Eryn Vorn and the Old Forest survived. Many surviving natives took refuge in the eastern highlands of Enedwaith, "the foothills of the Misty Mountains," which ultimately became Dunland.[3]

Enedwaith, as depicted in The Lord of the Rings Online

After SA 3320, Enedwaith formed the most western part of the new Kingdom of Gondor. The south-west still had some scattered woods, but elsewhere Enedwaith was by this time primarily grasslands. The only known settlement was at Tharbad, maintained jointly by Gondor and Arnor (later Cardolan), to protect the city and the North-South Road. Nonetheless, following the Great Plague of TA 1636, Gondor's authority permanently ended throughout the region.[3]

Tharbad (initially one of two ancient cities on the Gwathló and the only one to survive beyond the early Third Age) was finally abandoned following devastating floods in TA 2912[6]. After that, only Dunland remained inhabited.[3]

However, in the early Fourth Age, Enedwaith was absorbed into the Reunited Kingdom.


Enedwaith (also spelled Enedhwaith) is Sindarin, meaning "middle-folk" or "middle-region" from enedh ("middle") and gwaith ("people"). Though the suffix gwaith usually refers to people, it was also used for regions.


  1. "The History of Middle-earth", Vol. XII: The Peoples of Middle-earth, chapter X: "Of Dwarves and Men", "The Atani and their Languages"
  2. The Treason of Isengard, chapter XX, "The Riders of Rohan", pg. 403
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Unfinished Tales, Part Two: The Second Age, Chapter IV: "The History of Galadriel and Celeborn", Appendix D, The Port of Lond Daer
  4. "The History of Middle-earth", Vol. XII: The Peoples of Middle-earth, chapter X: "Of Dwarves and Men", "The Atani and their Languages"
  5. "Unfinished Tales", Part Four, Chapter I: "The Drúedain", Notes
  6. The Lord of The Rings, "The Return of The King", Book Four, Appendix B


Foreign Language Translated name
Belerusian Cyrillic Энедвейт
Bengali এনডিয়েট
Bulgarian Cyrillic Енедщаит
Chinese 伊寧威治
Danish Enedwaith (Det Centrale Lavland)
Georgian ენედვაისი
Gujarati ઇનેડવિથ
Hebrew אנדוואית
Hindi ऐन्ऐद्व्ऐथ
Hungarian Közép-nép
Japanese エネドワイス
Kannada ಎನೆಡ್ವೈತ್
Korean 엔드 웨이트
Macedonian Cyrillic Енедваит
Marathi एनेडवाइथ
Punjabi ਈਨਡਵੈਥ
Russian Энедвайт
Tajik Cyrillic Енедwаит
Places of Middle-earth and Arda

Middle-earth Locations:


Arnor | Dunland | Ettenmoors | Forochel | Forodwaith | Gondor | Harad | Ithilien | Khand | Lindon | Minhiriath | Mordor | Rhovanion | Rhûn | Rohan | The Shire

Forests & Mountains:

Amon Dîn | Amon Hen | Amon Lhaw | Caradhras | Emyn Muil | Erebor | Fangorn Forest | High Pass | Iron Hills | Lórien | Mirkwood | Mount Doom | Mount Gundabad | Old Forest | Tower Hills | Weathertop


Angband | Barad-dûr | Bree | Caras Galadhon | Dol Guldur | Fornost | Hornburg | Isengard | Minas Morgul | Minas Tirith | Orthanc | Osgiliath | Rivendell | Umbar | Utumno


Argonath | Buckland | Cair Andros | Dagorlad | Dead Marshes | Enedwaith | Fords of Isen | Gap of Rohan | Grey Havens | Weathertop

The rest of Arda:

Aman | Dark Land | Land of the Sun | Númenor | Tol Eressëa | Valinor