The One Wiki to Rule Them All
The One Wiki to Rule Them All

Much of this article relates to the final versions of Middle-earth's history, and as such may contain discrepancies with The Silmarillion. See LOTR:Canon for a discussion. This subject's portrayal in earlier or alternative versions is discussed in the Earlier versions of the legendarium section.

Eöl, always called the Dark Elf, was an Elf of Beleriand and a metallurgist of high skill. He was a Sinda who lived in Nan Elmoth, nominally part of Doriath. A great smith and friend of the Dwarves of Nogrod and Belegost, Eöl devised galvorn, a black metal of great strength and malleability, which he fashioned into armour that he wore when going abroad. He forged two great black swords from a meteorite's metal, but had to give the sword Anglachel to Thingol as tribute for living in Nan Elmoth. The other sword, Anguirel, he kept for himself.



During the Years of the Trees, Eöl was born to a lineage of Avari and Sindar Elves. He became an Elf of amazing skills in blacksmith and forged a black, shining metal called galvorn. Out of the many swords he had forged, Anguirel was one of the black swords he kept for himself, while the other great sword, Anglachel, was given to Thingol, King of Doriath, in the First Age.

Eöl forged a suit of armor out of galvorn to which he wore and kept. He lived in Nan Elmoth, a forest in Beleriand to which he appointed himself Lord and built a home there. He forged poisoned javelins and stayed isolated in his land for many years until the arrival of Aredhel.

Aredhel and marriage

Eöl welcomes Aredhel, by Ted Nasmith

Aredhel Ar-Feiniel, the sister of King Turgon had left the gated and hidden city of Gondolin to seek freedom and find distant family and friends. Her travels lead through Beleriand, and to the dark woods of Nan Elmoth, where she met Eöl, who noticed her beauty from afar. He then set enchantments with his Elven magic about her so that she could not escape the forest and found her way only to his halls. After marrying him, she stayed with him many years and bore him a son, Maeglin.

Later life and death

As the First Age progressed, Eöl developed a great hatred for the Ñoldor and therefore refused Aredhel and Maeglin permission to seek out their kin. While Eöl was away at a feast in Nogrod, Aredhel and Maeglin left for Gondolin, stealing Anguirel from him, and Eöl followed them. When denied permission to leave with Maeglin, he grew furious and tried to kill his son with one of his javelins. Aredhel got in the way and it instead hit her; she died from poisoning.

The king and his people were unwilling to forgive this deed and Eöl was sentenced to death and cast over the Caragdûr, cursing Maeglin on his way down the cliff to his doom. Though most of the Ñoldor saw this as just, Idril was disgusted with Maeglin's act of kinslaying. This drove a rift between Idril and her kin and planted a seed of evil in the heart of Gondolin.[1]

Eöl's Family Tree


Other versions of the legendarium

In the essay "Quendi and Eldar", published in The War of the Jewels, Eöl was an Avar who descended from the same clan of the Elves the Ñoldor had come from (the Tatyar), although Eöl hated his Valinorean cousins. Eöl's love for smithying and friendliness to the Dwarves is consistent with Tolkien's view of the Ñoldor, which are described as Dwarf-friends in the First and Second Ages. However, in a later writing, entitled Maeglin and published in the same volume, Tolkien said he was of the kin of Thingol. This story was inserted in the published Silmarillion as a separate chapter.


Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ዐኦል
Arabic آيل
Armenian Եոլ
Belarusian Cyrillic Еол
Bengali এওল
Bulgarian Cyrillic Еол
Chinese (Simplified) 伊奧
Georgian ეოლი
Greek Έολ
Gujarati ઍઓલ
Hebrew אאול
Hindi एओल
Japanese えおl
Kazakh Cyrillic Еөл
Korean 에올
Lao ເໂຣ
Macedonian Cyrillic Еол
Marathi एओल
Mongolian Cyrillic Еөл
Nepalese एओल
Pashto ېول ?
Persian ائول
Ukrainian Cyrillic Еол
Russian Эол
Sanskrit एओल्
Serbian Еол (Cyrillic) Eol (Latin)
Sinhalese ඒඔල්
Tajik Cyrillic Еол
Tamil ஏஒல்
Telugu ఏఒల
Uzbek Еол (Cyrillic) Eol (Latin)
Yiddish עאָל