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Thráin I established the Kingdom under the Mountain fleeing from Moria. During his time the Arkenstone was discovered, the most prized possession of the Kingdom. His son, Thorin I, later became King under the Mountain but after seeing the wealth of the Dwarves of the Grey Mountains, he abandoned Erebor.
When the Cold-drakes invaded the Grey Mountains, they drove most of the Dwarves out. Thrór, a descendant of Thorin I, took some of his people and flew the Grey Mountains for Erebor. His brother Grór continued east with a great following of Durin's folk to the Iron Hills while himself restored the kingdom of Erebor in TA 2590.
Second Kingdom Edit
The Dwarves gained the friendship of the Northmen along the Celduin and had much trade of goods, beautiful trinkets, and weapons with the town of Dale. The Dwarves of Erebor also had much traffic of ores with their kinsmen in the Iron Hills and the region had peace and prosperity for many years.
The Dwarves were prosperous, and made great wealth for themselves until they were dispossessed of their immense wealth by the dragon Smaug, who flew south from the Ered Mithrin and sacked their kingdom in TA 2770. They were scattered for many years across Middle-earth, some resettling in the Blue Mountains under the leadership of Thorin II Oakenshield, grandson of Thrór and son of Thráin II.
The Dwarves reclaimed their inheritance many years later under the leadership of Thorin and his company during the Quest of Erebor, in the process of which Smaug was killed by Bard, a descendant of the Men of Dale. But it was the descendants of Dáin II Ironfoot that ruled there ever after due to the deaths of Thorin and his nephews Fili and Kili during the Battle of Five Armies.
Third Kingdom Edit
After the restoration thanks to Thorin and Company, the Dwarves became again rich and prosperous under Dáin's rule, as the Dwarves exceeded their ancestors in masonry and mining. Dale was rebuilt as a kingdom and they had a close friendship with the Elves of Mirkwood.
Balin and other Dwarves set out to reclaim Moria in TA 2989. Dáin did not give his blessing to the expedition, but could not dissuade them. It was only later learned the colony was destroyed only five years after their arrival.
War of the Ring Edit
In TA 3018, a messenger came from Mordor, inquiring about "Baggins" from "Shire", promising the last three Dwarf-rings to Dáin. The King asked time to think and he sent Glóin and his son Gimli to Elrond for council, and to warn Bilbo.
The War of the Ring reached the North; King Brand fighting the Easterlings retreated from the River Carnen and was given aid by Dwarves in the Battle of Dale. After three days of fighting Dwarves and Men were driven back, and Brand was slain, followed by Dáin. Several days later the Easterlings learned that the War was lost. When the new King Thorin III Stonehelm, son of Dáin, and Brand's Bard II saw this they came out of the mountain and routed their enemies.
Language and writing Edit
Coming from Moria, the Dwarves brought with them the Angerthas Moria, which however was modified further. For some reason some runes of Angerthas Moria were reverted back to their Elvish values in Angerthas. The resulting variation was known as Angerthas Erebor.
Noted Dwarves from Erebor were:
- Thráin I
- Thorin I
- Thráin II
- Balin, Dwalin
- Dori, Nori, Ori
- Óin, Glóin
- Bifur, Bofur, Bombur
- Kíli and Fíli
- Dáin II Ironfoot
- Thorin III Stonehelm
- Floi, Loni, Nali, Frár
- ↑ The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book Two, Ch. 1: "Many Meetings"
- ↑ 2.0 2.1 The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book Two, Ch. 2: "The Council of Elrond"
- ↑ The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book Two, Ch. 5: "The Bridge of Khazad-dûm"
- ↑ Unfinished Tales, Part Three: The Third Age, Chapter III: "The Quest of Erebor"
- ↑ The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B, "The Great Years"
- ↑ The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "The Languages and Peoples of the Third Age"
- ↑ The Lord of the Rings, Appendix E, "Writing"; "The Cirth"