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Morgoth, Dark Lord of the First Age

Dark Lord, or Dark Power,[1][2] was the title held by the two most powerful tyrants of Arda, each of whom worked to subjugate Middle-earth and destroy or enslave the Free Peoples.


The first Dark Lord was the rebel Vala first known as Melkor and then as Morgoth. Denied the demiurgic power he desired, he was consumed by a nihilistic purpose: the destruction of Middle-earth. The second Dark Lord was Morgoth's successor, the subversive Maia named Mairon,[3] and later Sauron. Coveting absolute temporal power, he wished to dominate all life on Middle-earth and impose a warped and cruel sense of order as its god-king.[4]


Sauron, Dark Lord of the Second and Third Ages, as portrayed in film

Both fallen Ainur were very influential in the history of Middle-earth, waging numerous wars against the Valar and the Free Peoples. Their actions had a permanent negative impact on the world, as both Dark Powers destroyed many beautiful things and places, and caused untold anguish and grief. Eventually both Dark Powers were overthrown and defeated; Morgoth was banished to the Void at the end of the First Age by his brethren, and Sauron was permanently weakened at the end of the Third Age by Frodo Baggins with the aid of Samwise Gamgee and Gollum, when they cast the One Ring into Mount Doom and so robbed Sauron of most of his power.

No one was left to gather and command any remaining forces of Darkness in Sauron's absence: his duplicitous servant, Saruman, was the only one that could have conceivably claimed the title, and even "cheated [his] new master" in an attempt to do so.[5] But he was defeated and lost his physical body after the Battle of Bywater, at the end of the War of the Ring.

Background & influence[]

In The Silmarillion, it is revealed that Sauron was the second Dark Lord and that the first was Morgoth with Sauron actually having been his vassal. Unwilling to accept his status as a mere sub-creator, Morgoth resolved to mar all creation and destroy the Free Peoples. When Morgoth fell, Sauron escaped the judgment of the Valar and arose as his successor, or "Morgoth returned", seeking to establish his own dominion over Middle-earth, and even Númenor.[6][7]

"Dark Lords" became a common trope in fantasy and science fiction following the success of J.R.R. Tolkien's The Lord of the Rings with the Dark Lord Sauron. For instance, Lord Voldemort, the primary antagonist of the Harry Potter series, is frequently referred to as the "Dark Lord" by both his followers and his enemies.

See also[]


Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Donker Heer
Albanian Zoti Errët
Amharic ደማቅ ጌታ
Arabic سيد الظلام
Armenian Խավարի Տիրակալ
Azerbaijani Qaranlıq Hökmdar
Basque Ilun Jauna
Belarusian Cyrillic цёмны Лорд
Bengali ডার্ক লর্ড
Bosnian Gospodar Tame
Bulgarian Cyrillic Тъмен лорд
Cambodian ព្រះអម្ចាស់ងងឹត
Catalan Senyor Fosc
Cebuano Mangitngit nga Ginoo
Chinese 黑暗领主
Cornish Arlodh Tewal
Croatian Mračni Gospodar
Czech Temný pán
Danish Mørk Herre
Dari استاد تاریک
Dutch Donkere Heer
Esperanto Malluma Sinjoro
Estonian Tume Isand
Faroese Myrkt Harra
Fijian Turaga ni butobuto
Filipino Madilim Panginoon
Finnish Musta Ruhtinas
French Seigneur des Ténèbres
Frisian Tsjustere Hear (Western)
Galician Lorde Escuro
Georgian ბნელი ბატონი
German Dunkler Herrscher
Greek Σκοτεινός Άρχοντας
Gujarati ડાર્ક ભગવાન
Haitian Creole Fènwa Seyè a
Hebrew אדון האופל
Hindi अंधेरे प्रभु
Hmong Tsaus Tswv
Hungarian Sötét Nagyúr
Icelandic Myrkur Lávarður
Indonesian Penguasa kegelapan
Irish Gaelic Tiarna Dorcha
Italian Signore Oscuro
Japanese ダークロード
Kannada ಡಾರ್ಕ್ ಲಾರ್ಡ್
Kapampangan Matuling a Ginu
Kazakh қараңғы Лорд (Cyrillic) Qarañğı lord (Latin)
Korean 다크로드
Kurdish Tarî Xudan (Kurmanji)
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Кара Лорд
Latin Dominus tenebrarum
Latvian Tumsas pavēlnieks
Lithuanian Tamsos Valdovas
Luxembourgish Donkel Här
Macedonian Cyrillic Темен Господар
Malayalam ഇരുണ്ട രക്ഷിതാവ്
Manx Hiarn Dorraghey
Marathi गडद स्वामी
Mongolian Cyrillic Харанхуй Эзэн
Nepalese गाढा प्रभु
Northern Sami Seavdnjat Isit
Norwegian Mørk Herre
Old English Deorc Hlāford
Pashto تياره رب
Persian ارباب تاریک
Polish Czarny Pan
Portuguese Senhor das Trevas
Punjabi ਹਨੇਰੇ ਨੂੰ ਪ੍ਰਭੂ
Romanian Lordul Întunecat (Seniorul Întunecimii)
Romansh Stgir Dumagnar ?
Russian Тёмный Властелин
Samoan Pogisa Alii
Sanskrit डेरिका नाथ ?
Scottish Gaelic Dorcha Thighearn
Serbian Тамни владар (Cyrillic) Gospodar tame (Latin)
Sesotho Morena Lefifi
Sindhi اونداهي پالڻھار
Sinhalese අඳුරේ අධිපතියා
Slovak Temný pán
Slovenian Temni gospodar
Somali Mugdi ah Rabbiga
Spanish Señor Oscuro
Sundanese Poék Gusti
Swahili Giza Bwana
Swedish Mörk Herre
Tajik Cyrillic торик Худованд
Tamil இருண்ட இறைவன்
Telugu డార్క్ లార్డ్
Thai เจ้าแห่งศาสตร์มืด
Turkish Karanlık Efendi
Ukrainian Cyrillic Темний лорд
Urdu اندھیرے کے رب
Uzbek Қоронғи ҳазратлари (Cyrillic) Qorong'i hazratlari (Latin)
Vietnamese Chúa tể bóng tối
Welsh Arglwydd y Tywyllwch
Xhosa Ebumnyameni Nkosi
Yiddish דאַרק האר
Yoruba Dudu Oluwa
Zulu Nkosi webumnyama
  1. The Silmarillion, Index of Names
  2. The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, Letter 144
  3. Parma Eldalamberon, Words, Phrases and Passages in Various Tongues in The Lord of the Rings by J.R.R. Tolkien
  4. The Letters of J.R.R. Tolkien, "Letter 184"
  5. The Two Towers, "The Voice of Saruman"
  6. Unfinished Tales, Part Two: The Second Age, II: "Aldarion and Erendis: The Mariner's Wife"
  7. Morgoth's Ring, Part Five: Myths Transformed