After the downfall of Númenor, the Umbar settlers further descended into evil, and were called the Black Númenóreans. They took to pillaging and piracy along the coasts of Gondor, but in TA 933 Umbar was conquered by Gondor; however Umbar was besieged by the Black Númenóreans and Haradrim until TA 1050, when the siege was over after being defeated by King Hyarmendacil I of Gondor.
During the Kin-strife, the defeated rebels of Gondor fled to Umbar, being called Corsairs, most of them being Dúnedain. At this time Umbar became the hated enemy of Gondor, from TA 1448 to TA 1810. Over time these sailors drew to their number various outlaws and brigands from outlying settlements surrounding the Anduin, and they took to raiding along the southern coast of Gondor, intercepting merchant vessels and abducting women to bolster their dissident community. They were also slavers and would often seize a ship's crew along with her cargo; if any resisted, they would be thrown overboard.
In TA 1810 Gondor retook Umbar, but shortly after, in TA 1846, Umbar was lost to Haradrim and new Corsairs emerged. Since then and by the time of the War of the Ring, the Corsairs had mixed with the Southrons, becoming a mixed people where Númenórean blood was mostly gone.
During the War of the Ring at the time of the Battle of the Pelennor Fields, a Corsair fleet on route to Harlond after overrunning Pelargir with intentions of further raids on Gondor and to aid the forces of Mordor in the battle. Aragorn, with the help of the Grey Company, Legolas, Gimli, and the Army of the Dead, drove the Corsairs off and captured their ships and rowed them to Minas Tirith to relieve the siege of the city. In that battle, the Dead fulfilled their oath to Isildur and were finally able to rest in peace.
Portrayal in adaptations
The Lord of the Rings film trilogy
In Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, the Corsairs are seen once, for only a few seconds, when Gandalf is talking to Pippin about who will fight for Sauron in the battle for Minas Tirith. The boats are also seen in a scene in the extended version, when Aragorn, Legolas, and Gimli send the Army of the Dead to attack the frightened corsairs (including Peter Jackson himself, in a cameo as a Corsair) and conquer the ships.
In the game The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King, there are a few Goblins and Goblin Drummers that appear in the Anduin River: Anduin Banks level along with the Corsairs.
In the campaign of The Battle for Middle-earth II, the Corsairs, in Campaign Mode, join forces with the Goblins led by Gorkil and launch an assault upon the Grey Havens. While the attack fails in the Good Campaign, in the Evil Campaign the conjoined attack is completely successful, and thanks to the armada brought forth by the Corsairs the Grey Havens are destroyed. Also, the special unit recruitable at captured Inns for the Goblins is the corsairs.
In The Lord of the Rings: The Battle for Middle-earth II the Corsairs use daggers as their primary weapon. They are stronger than typical Orcs and like to stab their enemies. They also use firebombs which, while not much more powerful than their daggers and able to cause a friendly fire, can set their enemies ablaze or do some significant damage nonetheless. In the film The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring they have ballistas mounted on their ships.
|Foreign Language||Translated name|
|Afrikaans||Korsairs van Umbar|
|Albanian||Korsars të Umbar|
|Belarusian Cyrillic||Карсары Умбара|
|Bulgarian Cyrillic||Корсари от Умбар|
|Croatian||Umbarske gusari ?|
|Dutch||Zeerovers van Umbar|
|Esperanto||Korsaroj de Umbaro|
|French||Corsaires d’Umbar/Pirates d’Umbar|
|Galician||Corsarios de Umbar|
|German||Korsaren von Umbar|
|Greek||Κουρσάροι του Ούμπαρ|
|Irish Gaelic||Na Foghlaí mara de Umbar ?|
|Italian||Corsari di Umbar|
|Latvian||Corsairs par Umbar|
|Persian||دزدان دریایی اومبار|
|Polish||Korsarze z Umbaru|
|Portuguese||Corsários de Umbar|
|Romanian||Corsari de Umbar|
|Scottish Gaelic||Spùinneadairean de Umbar|
|Spanish||Corsarios de Umbar|
|Swedish||Kaparna från Umbar|
|Ukrainian Cyrillic||Умбарські корсари|
|Vietnamese||Cướp biển của Umbar|
|Yiddish||קאָרסאַירס פון ומבאַר|