Cardolan was a realm once part of the Dúnedain kingdom of Arnor. After the death of Arnor's tenth king, Eärendur, his sons divided the kingdom into three parts: Arthedain, Rhudaur, and Cardolan.


The borders of Cardolan extended from the river Brandywine to the west, the river Hoarwell to the east and the river Greyflood to the east and south. Its northern border was the Great East Road, but Cardolan also claimed the Arthedain-controlled Weather Hills, which contained the fortress of Weathertop and its valuable Palantír. For this reason the Weather Hills were claimed by all three kingdoms - Arthedain, Cardolan and Rhudaur of the former Arnor. This territorial dispute continued until Rhudaur became a vassal of Angmar after the line of the Dúnedain kings failed there.


When the kingdom of Angmar arose in northern Eriador, Cardolan became the most important ally of Arthedain. It had to fight the combined armies of both Angmar and Rhudaur. It soon became apparent that Cardolan could not hold back the forces of Angmar and in its last years the people became entrenched in the hill region, Tyrn Gorthad (the Barrow-downs). This position became untenable after Angmar sent evil spirits to inhabit the downs (the Barrow-wights). Arthedain could provide little aid, as it was itself under attack. Around TA 1409 Cardolan was destroyed, and its former inhabitants accepted the King of Arthedain as their lord. Arthedain managed to reconquer the land briefly, but few people wished to live there on account of the Barrow-wights, and so Cardolan was never re-populated.[1]

After the final fall of Arnor, and the destruction of Angmar at the Battle of Fornost, Cardolan presumably remained an unpopulated area until the reestablishment of the northern kingdom under King Aragorn II Elessar at the end of the Third Age.[2] Until then, the region was largely unclaimed and known as Minhiriath.


The name Cardolan may be dialect Sindarin for 'Red Hill Land', though J.R.R. Tolkien never specified the name's meaning.



Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ካርድኖላን
Arabic كاردولان
Armenian Քարդոլան
Belarusian Cyrillic Кардолан
Bengali কার্দলান
Bulgarian Cyrillic Кардолан
Chinese 卡多蘭
Georgian კარდოლანი
Greek Κάρδολαν
Gujarati કારડોલન
Hebrew קרדולאן
Hindi कर्दोलन
Japanese カルドラン
Kannada ಕಾರ್ಡೊಲಾನ್
Korean 카르돌란
Macedonian Cyrillic Кардолан
Marathi कार्डोलन
Mongolian Cyrillic Кардолан
Nepalese कर्दोलन
Persian کاردولان
Punjabi ਕਾਰਡੋਲਨ
Russian Кардолан
Serbian Кардолан (Cyrillic) Kardolan (Latin)
Sindhi ڪارپوريشن
Sinhalese කාර්ඩොලන්
Tajik Cyrillic Кардолан
Tamil கார்டோலான்
Telugu కార్డోలం
Thai คาร์โดแลน
Ukrainian Cyrillic Кардолан
Urdu کاردولان
Uzbek Кардолан (Cyrillic) Kardolan (Latin)
Yiddish קאַרדאָלאַן


  1. The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A, "The Númenorean Kings", iii. "Eriador, Arnor, and the Heirs of Isildur"
  2. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The Third Age, "The Kingdoms of the Dúnedain"
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