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|name= Caras Galadhon
 
|name= Caras Galadhon
 
|image= Carasgaladhon.jpg
 
|image= Carasgaladhon.jpg
|type= Elven City in the Trees
+
|type=
 
|location= The [[Naith of Lórien]]
 
|location= The [[Naith of Lórien]]
|realms= [[Lórien]]
+
|realms= [[Lothlórien]]
 
|capital=
 
|capital=
 
|founded/built= [[Years of the Trees]] ?
 
|founded/built= [[Years of the Trees]] ?
 
|ruler= [[Amroth]], later [[Galadriel]] and [[Celeborn]]
 
|ruler= [[Amroth]], later [[Galadriel]] and [[Celeborn]]
|summary= Known for being the last Elven realm of bliss left in Middle-earth
+
|summary= Known for being among the last Elven realms of [[Middle-earth]]
|names= Caras Galadhon, City of the Galadhrim, and Chief city of [[Lorien]]
+
|names= Caras Galadhon<br/>City of the Galadhrim<br/>Chief city of [[Lothlórien|Lórien]]
 
|inhabitants= [[Galadhrim]]
 
|inhabitants= [[Galadhrim]]
|languages=[[Sindarin]], [[Silvan]] tongues
+
|languages=[[Sindarin]]<br/>[[Silvan]] tongues
 
|lifespan= [[Years of the Trees]] ? - Early [[Fourth Age]]<ref>''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]],'' The Lord of the Rings, "The Fourth Age"</ref>
 
|lifespan= [[Years of the Trees]] ? - Early [[Fourth Age]]<ref>''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]],'' The Lord of the Rings, "The Fourth Age"</ref>
 
}}
 
}}
   
'''Caras Galadhon''' (pronounced {{IPA|/ˈkaras ˈgalaðon/}}) was the chief city of [[Lothlórien]], at the center of the whole forest.
+
'''Caras Galadhon''' (pronounced {{IPA|/ˈkaras ˈgalaðon/}}) was the chief city of [[Lothlórien]], at the center of the whole woodland.
   
In the [[Naith of Lórien]], the heart of the [[Silvan Elves|Silvan Elven]] realm, it was built in the middle of, on top of, and out of the [[Mallorn]] trees that [[Galadriel]] have received from [[Tar-Aldarion]], the seventh High King of [[Númenor]], and was thenceforth the residence of [[Celeborn]] and Galadriel.
+
In the [[Naith of Lórien]], the heart of the [[Silvan Elves|Silvan Elven]] realm, it was built within the [[Mallorn]] trees that [[Galadriel]] received from [[Tar-Aldarion]], the seventh High King of [[Númenor]]. It served as the residence of [[Celeborn]] and Galadriel.
   
==Description==
+
== Description ==
   
[[File:Fotr1276.jpg|thumb|right|260px]]
+
Caras Galadhon was circular in shape and about three thousand feet from east to west. It was surrounded by a [[Walls|wall]] of green earth and a deep fosse, or moat. On the western border, a long stone road outside the fosse ran for many dozens of miles also surrounded the city. The city could be accessed through a set of great gates which faced southwest.
   
Caras Galadhon is circular in shape and about three-thousand feet from east to west and was surrounded by a [[Walls|wall]] of green earth and a ditch or a moat called the Deep Fosse. On the western border, a long stone road outside the Deep Fosse ran for many dozens of miles also surrounded the city. The only entrance was in the south through a set of Great Gates across a bridge in the Deep Fosse.
+
The city was a host of [[Mallorn]] trees where the [[elves]] lived in [[Flet|flets]] atop the trees. Located in the city's center, atop the largest Mallorn in the city, was the flet of Celeborn and Galadriel and the Chamber of Celeborn.
   
[[File:Fotr1280.jpg|thumb|right|260px|The heart of the city]]
+
Other notable features were Galadriel’s garden and her [[The Mirror of Galadriel|mirror]], both in the southeast quarter.<ref>''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]],'' The Lord of the Rings, "Lothlórien"</ref>
   
The city was a host of [[Mallorn]] trees where the [[elves]] lived in [[flet]]s a top the trees. Located in the city's center, atop the largest Mallorn in the city, was the flet of Celeborn and Galadriel and the Chamber of Celeborn.
+
== History ==
   
Other notable features were Galadriel’s garden and her [[The Mirror of Galadriel|mirror]] both in the southeast quarter.<ref>''[[The Atlas of Middle-earth]],'' The Lord of the Rings, "Lothlórien"</ref>
+
[[File:Fotr1280.jpg|thumb|right|260px|The heart of the city]]
   
==History==
+
The building of the city was probably started by the [[Silvan Elves|Silvan]]-speaking [[Nandor]] elves who first settled the [[forest]] area of Lórien during the [[Years of the Trees|Time of the Trees]] under the light of [[stars]], and was no doubt completed by the city's later [[Sindar]]in lords. No doubt beautiful during the days of [[Amdír]] and his son [[Amroth]], it was their successors Celeborn and his wife Galadriel that made the city into a blissful but rather isolated Elven haven.
   
The building of the city was probably started by the [[Silvan Elves|Silvan]]-speaking [[Nandor]] elves who first settled the [[forest]] area of Lórien during the [[Years of the Trees|Time of the Trees]] under the light of [[stars]], and was no doubt completed and/or added to throughout the [[Ages of Arda|ages]] by the city's later [[Sindar]]in lords. No doubt beautiful during the days of [[Amdír]] and his son [[Amroth]], it was their successors' Celeborn and his wife Galadriel that made the city into a blissful but rather isolated Elven haven.
+
[[File:Fotr1276.jpg|thumb|right|260px]]
 
[[File:Carasgal.jpg|thumb|300px|The bridge over the Deep Fosse]]
 
   
 
During the events of the [[War of the Ring]], the [[Fellowship of the Ring]] was brought through Lórien to Caras Galadhon, and there met the lords of the [[Galadhrim]]. Around the time of the siege of [[Minas Tirith]] Lorien was besieged itself by [[Dol Guldur]], three times.
 
During the events of the [[War of the Ring]], the [[Fellowship of the Ring]] was brought through Lórien to Caras Galadhon, and there met the lords of the [[Galadhrim]]. Around the time of the siege of [[Minas Tirith]] Lorien was besieged itself by [[Dol Guldur]], three times.
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During the [[Fourth Age]], after Galadriel had left Lórien, Caras Galadhon was ruled by a lonely Celeborn as capital of a Lórien which now spanned both sides of the river [[Anduin]], but at some point during the age he left for [[Valinor]] as well, and Caras Galadhon slowly became depopulated. It is unclear just how this came about since most of Lórien's people were Silvan Elves and, presumably, not necessarily inclined to leave [[Middle-earth]] so soon after [[Sauron]]'s fall; there are different references to the Fate of the Elves of Middle-earth scattered throughout [[Tolkien]]'s published works. Caras Galadhon is called a "great city" in the Lord of the Rings, and the impression is that its population numbered in the thousands. However, the "Tale of Aragorn and Arwen" in [[Appendix A]] depicts Caras Galadhon as wholly abandoned by the time of [[Aragorn II Elessar]]'s death.<ref>''[[The Lord of the Rings]], [[The Fellowship of the Ring (novel)|The Fellowship of the Ring]],'' Book Two, Chapter VI: "[[Lothlorien (chapter)|Lothlorien]]"</ref><ref>''[[The Lord of the Rings]],'' [[Appendix A]]: Annals of the Kings and Rulers, I: The Númenórean Kings, (v): "The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen"</ref>
 
During the [[Fourth Age]], after Galadriel had left Lórien, Caras Galadhon was ruled by a lonely Celeborn as capital of a Lórien which now spanned both sides of the river [[Anduin]], but at some point during the age he left for [[Valinor]] as well, and Caras Galadhon slowly became depopulated. It is unclear just how this came about since most of Lórien's people were Silvan Elves and, presumably, not necessarily inclined to leave [[Middle-earth]] so soon after [[Sauron]]'s fall; there are different references to the Fate of the Elves of Middle-earth scattered throughout [[Tolkien]]'s published works. Caras Galadhon is called a "great city" in the Lord of the Rings, and the impression is that its population numbered in the thousands. However, the "Tale of Aragorn and Arwen" in [[Appendix A]] depicts Caras Galadhon as wholly abandoned by the time of [[Aragorn II Elessar]]'s death.<ref>''[[The Lord of the Rings]], [[The Fellowship of the Ring (novel)|The Fellowship of the Ring]],'' Book Two, Chapter VI: "[[Lothlorien (chapter)|Lothlorien]]"</ref><ref>''[[The Lord of the Rings]],'' [[Appendix A]]: Annals of the Kings and Rulers, I: The Númenórean Kings, (v): "The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen"</ref>
   
==Etymology==
+
== Etymology ==
   
The name '''Caras Galadhon''' means "Fortress of Trees"<ref>''[[The Complete Guide to Middle-earth]]''</ref>: from the [[Silvan]] ''caras'' ("fortress") and ''galadhon'' ("of trees"). It may also be translated as "Fortress of Galadhon". ''Galadhon'' may be referred to Celeborn's father, [[Galadhon]]. In the First Edition of [[The Lord of the Rings]], ''Caras Galadhon'' was spelled as ''Caras Galadon''.
+
The name '''''Caras Galadhon''''' means "Fortress of Trees"<ref>''[[The Complete Guide to Middle-earth]]''</ref>: from the [[Silvan]] ''caras'' ("fortress") and ''galadhon'' ("of trees"). It may also be translated as "Fortress of Galadhon". ''Galadhon'' may be referred to Celeborn's father, [[Galadhon]]. In the First Edition of [[The Lord of the Rings]], ''Caras Galadhon'' was spelled as ''Caras Galadon''.
   
==Translations around the World==
+
==Translations==
{| class="wikitable" style="text-align: center;"
+
<div style="overflow:auto; height:300px; width:500px; float:left">
!Foreign Language
+
<!--<div style="overflow:auto; height:200px;">-->
!Translated name
+
{| class="itemtable" style="color:#6f3d0b; border:2px solid #FFF; border-top: 0; text-align:left; -moz-border-radius-bottomleft:8px; -moz-border-radius-bottomright:8px; -webkit-border-bottom-left-radius:8px; -webkit-border-bottom-right-radius:8px;" bgcolor="#edeeff"
  +
| width="300" |'''Foreign Language'''
  +
| width="300" |'''Translated name'''
 
|-
 
|-
|Amharic
+
|Amharic
 
|ጫራስ ጛላድሆን ?
 
|ጫራስ ጛላድሆን ?
 
|-
 
|-
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|جالادهون كاراس
 
|جالادهون كاراس
 
|-
 
|-
|Armenian
+
|Armenian
|Ծարաս Գալադհոն
+
|Քարաս Գալադոն
 
|-
 
|-
|Belarusian
+
|Belarusian Cyrillic
|Царас Галадhон
+
|Карас Галадhон
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Bengali
 
|Bengali
|চারাস ঙালাধন
+
|কারাস গ্যালাথন
 
|-
 
|-
|Bulgarian
+
|Bulgarian Cyrillic
|Царас Галадхон
+
|Карас Галадон
 
|-
 
|-
|Chinese
+
|Chinese
 
|卡拉斯加拉頓
 
|卡拉斯加拉頓
 
|-
 
|-
|Dari
+
|Georgian
|چاراس عالادهون
+
|კარას გალადონი
|-
 
|Georgian
 
|ჩარას ღალადჰონ
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Greek
 
|Greek
|Κάρας Γκάλαντον
+
|Κάρας Γκάλαθον
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Gujarati
 
|Gujarati
|ચરસ ઙલધોન ?
+
|કારાસ ગાલઘોન
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Hebrew
 
|Hebrew
|שאראס גאלאדהונ
+
|קאראס גלדהון
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Hindi
 
|Hindi
|चरस ङलधोन ?
+
|कैरस गलाधोन
 
|-
 
|-
|Hungarian
+
|Hungarian
 
|Krassó Galadhon
 
|Krassó Galadhon
 
|-
 
|-
|Kannada
+
|Kannada
|ಕಾರಸ್ ಗಳಧೋನ್
+
|ಕಾರಾಸ್ ಗಾಲ್ಡಾನ್
 
|-
 
|-
|Kazakh
+
|Kazakh Cyrillic
|Царас Галадһон
+
|Карас Галадһон (Cyrillic) Karas Galadhon (Latin)
 
|-
 
|-
|Kurdish
+
|Kyrgyz Cyrillic
|چاراس عالادهۆن ? (Arabic script) Caras Galadhon (Latinised)
+
|Карас Галадhон
 
|-
 
|-
|Kyrgyz
+
|Macedonian Cyrillic
|Царас Галадhон
+
|Карас Галадхон
 
|-
 
|-
|Macedonian
+
|Malayalam
|Царас Галадхон
+
|കാരാസ് ഗലധോന്
 
|-
 
|-
|Malayalam
+
|Marathi
|കാരാസ് ഗലധോന്
+
|करस गलाधोन
 
|-
 
|-
|Mongolian
+
|Mongolian Cyrillic
|Царас Галадhон
+
|Карас Галадон
 
|-
 
|-
|Nepali
+
|Nepalese
|चरस ङलधोन
+
|चरस ङलधोन
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Pashto
 
|Pashto
|چاراس عالادهون ?
+
|چاراس عالادهون ?
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Persian
 
|Persian
|چاراس عالادهون
+
|چاراس عالادهون
  +
|-
  +
|Punjabi
  +
|ਕਰਸ ਗ਼ਅਲਧੋਨ
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Russian
 
|Russian
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|-
 
|-
 
|Sanskrit
 
|Sanskrit
|चरस् ङलधोन्
+
|चरस् ङलधोन्
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Serbian
 
|Serbian
|Карас Галадон (Cyrillic) Karas Galadon (Latinised)
+
|Карас Галадон (Cyrillic) Karas Galadon (Latin)
 
|-
 
|-
|Sinhala
+
|Sinhalese
|චරස් ගලධොන්
+
|චරස් ගලධොන්
 
|-
 
|-
|Tajik
+
|Tajik Cyrillic
|Чарас Галадҳон
+
|Карас Галадон
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Tamil
 
|Tamil
|சரஸ் கலத்ஹொந்
+
|கேராஸ் கலாடன்
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Telugu
 
|Telugu
|చరస ఙలధొన ?
+
|కారాస్ గల్డాన్
|-
 
|Tibetan
 
|ཅརས གལདྷོན
 
 
|-
 
|-
|Ukrainian
+
|Ukrainian Cyrillic
 
|Карас Галадоне
 
|Карас Галадоне
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Urdu
 
|Urdu
 
|کاراس گلادہاون
 
|کاراس گلادہاون
|-
 
|Uyghur
 
|چاراس غالادھون
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Uzbek
 
|Uzbek
|Чарас Галадҳон (Cyrillic) Caras Galadhon (Latinised)
+
|Карас Галадҳон (Cyrillic) Karas Galadhon (Latin)
 
|-
 
|-
 
|Yiddish
 
|Yiddish
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|}
 
|}
   
==References==
+
</div>
  +
{{Clear}}
  +
  +
== References ==
 
<references/>
 
<references/>
 
 
 
{{Space|Caras Galadhon}}
 
   
 
[[de:Caras Galadhon]]
 
[[de:Caras Galadhon]]

Latest revision as of 16:37, December 29, 2019


Caras Galadhon (pronounced /ˈkaras ˈgalaðon/) was the chief city of Lothlórien, at the center of the whole woodland.

In the Naith of Lórien, the heart of the Silvan Elven realm, it was built within the Mallorn trees that Galadriel received from Tar-Aldarion, the seventh High King of Númenor. It served as the residence of Celeborn and Galadriel.

Description Edit

Caras Galadhon was circular in shape and about three thousand feet from east to west. It was surrounded by a wall of green earth and a deep fosse, or moat. On the western border, a long stone road outside the fosse ran for many dozens of miles also surrounded the city. The city could be accessed through a set of great gates which faced southwest.

The city was a host of Mallorn trees where the elves lived in flets atop the trees. Located in the city's center, atop the largest Mallorn in the city, was the flet of Celeborn and Galadriel and the Chamber of Celeborn.

Other notable features were Galadriel’s garden and her mirror, both in the southeast quarter.[2]

History Edit

Fotr1280

The heart of the city

The building of the city was probably started by the Silvan-speaking Nandor elves who first settled the forest area of Lórien during the Time of the Trees under the light of stars, and was no doubt completed by the city's later Sindarin lords. No doubt beautiful during the days of Amdír and his son Amroth, it was their successors Celeborn and his wife Galadriel that made the city into a blissful but rather isolated Elven haven.

Fotr1276

During the events of the War of the Ring, the Fellowship of the Ring was brought through Lórien to Caras Galadhon, and there met the lords of the Galadhrim. Around the time of the siege of Minas Tirith Lorien was besieged itself by Dol Guldur, three times.

During the Fourth Age, after Galadriel had left Lórien, Caras Galadhon was ruled by a lonely Celeborn as capital of a Lórien which now spanned both sides of the river Anduin, but at some point during the age he left for Valinor as well, and Caras Galadhon slowly became depopulated. It is unclear just how this came about since most of Lórien's people were Silvan Elves and, presumably, not necessarily inclined to leave Middle-earth so soon after Sauron's fall; there are different references to the Fate of the Elves of Middle-earth scattered throughout Tolkien's published works. Caras Galadhon is called a "great city" in the Lord of the Rings, and the impression is that its population numbered in the thousands. However, the "Tale of Aragorn and Arwen" in Appendix A depicts Caras Galadhon as wholly abandoned by the time of Aragorn II Elessar's death.[3][4]

Etymology Edit

The name Caras Galadhon means "Fortress of Trees"[5]: from the Silvan caras ("fortress") and galadhon ("of trees"). It may also be translated as "Fortress of Galadhon". Galadhon may be referred to Celeborn's father, Galadhon. In the First Edition of The Lord of the Rings, Caras Galadhon was spelled as Caras Galadon.

TranslationsEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ጫራስ ጛላድሆን ?
Arabic جالادهون كاراس
Armenian Քարաս Գալադոն
Belarusian Cyrillic Карас Галадhон
Bengali কারাস গ্যালাথন
Bulgarian Cyrillic Карас Галадон
Chinese 卡拉斯加拉頓
Georgian კარას გალადონი
Greek Κάρας Γκάλαθον
Gujarati કારાસ ગાલઘોન
Hebrew קאראס גלדהון
Hindi कैरस गलाधोन
Hungarian Krassó Galadhon
Kannada ಕಾರಾಸ್ ಗಾಲ್ಡಾನ್
Kazakh Cyrillic Карас Галадһон (Cyrillic) Karas Galadhon (Latin)
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Карас Галадhон
Macedonian Cyrillic Карас Галадхон
Malayalam കാരാസ് ഗലധോന്
Marathi करस गलाधोन
Mongolian Cyrillic Карас Галадон
Nepalese चरस ङलधोन
Pashto چاراس عالادهون ?
Persian چاراس عالادهون
Punjabi ਕਰਸ ਗ਼ਅਲਧੋਨ
Russian Карас Галадон
Sanskrit चरस् ङलधोन्
Serbian Карас Галадон (Cyrillic) Karas Galadon (Latin)
Sinhalese චරස් ගලධොන්
Tajik Cyrillic Карас Галадон
Tamil கேராஸ் கலாடன்
Telugu కారాస్ గల్డాన్
Ukrainian Cyrillic Карас Галадоне
Urdu کاراس گلادہاون
Uzbek Карас Галадҳон (Cyrillic) Karas Galadhon (Latin)
Yiddish קאַראַס גאַלאַדהאָן

References Edit

  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The Lord of the Rings, "The Fourth Age"
  2. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The Lord of the Rings, "Lothlórien"
  3. The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book Two, Chapter VI: "Lothlorien"
  4. The Lord of the Rings, Appendix A: Annals of the Kings and Rulers, I: The Númenórean Kings, (v): "The Tale of Aragorn and Arwen"
  5. The Complete Guide to Middle-earth
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