Tengwar Círdan

Círdan, also known as Nowë and Círdan the Shipwright, was a Telerin Elf (of which he was one of the wisest princes), a great mariner and shipwright in Middle-earth. He was kin to both Elwë and Olwë.

Círdan was the lord of the Falas and then of the Balar during much of the First Age, one of the wisest and perhaps the mightiest of the Moriquendi. He was the bearer of the Great Ring Narya, which he in turn gave to Gandalf.

He was one of the three oldest living elves in Middle-earth at the end of the Third Age, along with Galadriel and Celeborn, who were all born during the Years of the Trees. At the end of the Third Age, there were no other elves who had been alive at the start of the First Age. Círdan is one of two elves, the other being Celeborn, to have spent the most time in Middle-Earth of any elf by being present in more ages than any other elf. Círdan and Celeborn were in Arda from sometime late in the Years of the Trees, through the First Age, until the Fourth Age. Tolkien has written that Círdan would sail on the last ship into the West, as he is the Lord of the Grey Havens. So, it can thus be known that Círdan had the longest incarnated single life span of any elf, having entered Arda during the Years of the Trees and having left for Valinor later in the Fourth Age than any other Elf.[2]

Biography Edit

First Age Edit

After the Teleri come to Aman Edit

In the First Age, Círdan was a ruler of a host of the Teleri under Elwë, and during the long wait in Beleriand he fell in love with the sea. When Ulmo returned for the Teleri, Círdan and his followers remained behind, partially because of their love for Belegaer, and partially because of his kinship with Elwë, who was lost. After Elwë returned and became King Thingol, Círdan ruled the Falathrim of the havens of Eglarest and Brithombar, although he seemed to have accepted Thingol's overlordship. Later he became an advisor and friend of Finrod Felagund, Lord of Nargothrond, although the Falas remained independent.

The shipwright by wollemisiss-d7xib8x

Círdan in a earlier age, by Szilvia Szarvas

Wars of Beleriand Edit

Círdan was early on warned by Ulmo not to attempt a crossing to Valinor, and his mariners restricted their work to the coasts of Middle-earth. However, at the request of King Turgon of Gondolin, he later built several messenger ships to sail to Valinor to request help from the Valar against Morgoth. All these missions failed, and only one survivor ever returned. After the havens of the Falas were destroyed by FA 474, Círdan was instrumental in setting up the refuges at the Mouths of Sirion and the Isle of Balar, to which he retired for the remainder of the age. It was on this isle that he built the great ship Vingilot for Eärendil.[3][4]

Second Age Edit

In the Second Age, Círdan stayed behind when the Elves were summoned to Valinor, and set up the havens of Forlond, Harlond and Mithlond in the destroyed land of Lindon (anciently Ossiriand). Círdan's exact status during that time is unknown, but it seems certain he served as lieutenant of Gil-galad, the last High King of the Ñoldor of Middle-earth. Círdan is mentioned as receiving the ships of the Númenóreans as they returned to the north of Middle-earth, and also as being one of the only two elves (along with Elrond) who stood beside Gil-galad during his last battle with Sauron.

Third Age Edit

Galadriel recieves the Ring

Círdan (middle) having received Narya

From the Third Age onwards, after the fall of Gil-galad and the beginning of the Age of Men, Círdan remained at the Grey Havens of Mithlond where he was lord, and built ships which ferried the departing Elves to Valinor. Círdan had possession of the one of the Three Elven Rings, Narya, but when the Wizards or Istari arrived in the early Third Age he recognised Olórin's wisdom, and gave him his ring.

Círdan remained active behind the scenes, sending counsellors to the White Council at Rivendell, but following the War of the Ring he was seen to have prepared the ship that ferried across the other Ring-bearers: Gandalf, Elrond, Galadriel, Bilbo, and Frodo in the last year of the Third Age. It is uncertain whether he left Middle-earth himself on the same ship: he is not mentioned as boarding, and later letters by Tolkien imply he remained behind. There are contradictory references to the Fate of the Elves of Middle-earth scattered throughout Tolkien's works, and it may be that Círdan's role as a facilitator for elves returning to the Blessed Realm continued for some time.[2] There is one line that says that Círdan would remain until the last ship set sail for the west.

Character Edit

Círdan had a beard, which was rare for Elves, and silver hair like Thingol his overlord and kinsman. He was of great age at the time of the War of the Ring: perhaps the oldest of the Telerin Elves or even of all the elves remaining in Middle-earth. He may have been one of the elves who awoke near Cuiviénen and therefore without a mother or father.

Etymology Edit

Círdan was a Sindarin word that meant 'Ship-maker', and the Quenya form was said to be Ciryatan. His original name was probably Nowë, which may be related to the term nowo meaning "think, form idea, imagine."[2]

Portrayal in adaptions Edit

Lord of the Rings film trilogy Edit


Círdan in the Return of the King film

In Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings movie trilogy, Círdan briefly appears in the first and third movies, played by Michael Elsworth. His role as lieutenant of Gil-galad is given to Elrond instead (Elrond was Gil-galad's herald in the books) in the first movie. He does, however, appear very briefly during Galadriel's Monologue at the start of the first movie, in a brief shot of the three Elven ring-bearers - and at the end of the third movie when Frodo, Galadriel, Elrond, Gandalf and Bilbo board the ship at the Grey Havens, Círdan is seen standing in the background.

Translations around the world Edit

Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ጪርዳን
Arabic چيردان
Armenian Ծիրդան
Belarusian Cyrillic Кирдана
Bengali কিরডান
Bulgarian Cyrillic Kирдан
Catalan Círdam
Chinese (Hong Kong) 瑟丹
Georgian კირდანი
Greek Κίρνταν
Gujarati ચિર્દન
Hebrew קירדן
Hindi चिर्दन
Japanese キーアダン
Kannada ಕಿರ್ಡನ್
Kazakh Кирдан (Cyrillic) Kïrdan (Latin)
Korean 키르단
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Кирдан
Macedonian Cyrillic Кирдан
Marathi किरदान
Mongolian Cyrillic Цирдан
Nepalese चिर्दन
Pashto چیردان
Persian کیردان
Russian Кирдан
Serbian Цирдан (Cyrillic) Cirdan (Latin)
Sinhalese කර්ඩන්
Tajik Cyrillic Цирдан
Tamil கிர்தான்
Telugu కీర్థన్
Thai เคียร์ดัน
Ukrainian Cyrillic Кірдан
Urdu چیردان
Uzbek Чирдан (Cyrillic) Cirdan (Latin)
Yiddish קירדאַן

References Edit

  1. Template:PM, Círdan
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 The Complete Guide to Middle-earth
  3. The Silmarillion: Quenta Silmarillion
  4. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The First Age, The Elder Days, "Realms-Before the Great Defeat"