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The Brandywine dividing the Shire from Buckland and Bree-land, as seen in The Lord of the Rings Online

The Brandywine, also known as the Baranduin, was a river of Middle-earth located in both the land of the Shire and northern Eriador.


The Brandywine flowed out of Lake Evendim in northern Eriador, and continued eastward for about 60 miles before turning generally southward; and afterwards for about another 120 miles flowed through the easternmost reaches of the Shire, forming the Shire's eastern border and separating Buckland, from the Eastfarthing and the rest of the Shire. Its only major crossings in the Shire were the Brandywine Bridge (originally Bridge of Stonebows) on the East Road and the Bucklebury Ferry.

Skirting the Old Forest to the south, the river then looped south-westward, crossing an old road at Sarn Ford and flowed to the north of the depopulated region of Minhiriath before flowing into the Great Sea to the north of the forested region of Eryn Vorn. The river also has an island known as Girdley Island in the river just above the Brandywine Bridge.[1]

No tributaries of the Brandywine are described except those near or in the Shire:


Frodo Baggins' father, Drogo Baggins, was said to have drowned in the Brandywine River with his wife during a boating trip.[2]

The Brandywine was much longer before the War of Wrath destroyed not only most of Beleriand but part of the Great Gulf's northern shores.[3]

To the hobbits of the Shire, the Brandywine was the boundary between the known and unknown, and even those who lived in Buckland on the immediate opposite shore were considered "peculiar".


The name Baranduin was Sindarin for "golden-brown river". The hobbits of the Shire called it in their language Branda-nîn, meaning "border water", which functioned as a sort of pun. Later, the pun Bralda-hîm, meaning "heady ale", was coined. Brandywine is simply the English rendering of the same word, as described by Tolkien.[4]


Foreign Language Translated name
Belarusian Cyrillic Брэндивайн
Bengali ব্রানডিউইনে
Catalan Brandivi
Chinese (Hong Kong) 烈酒河
Croatian Vinjakvino
Czech Brandyvína
Danish Brændevinsfloden
Dutch Brandewijn
Estonian Kangevirde
Finnish Rankkivuo
French Brandevin
Georgian ბრენდივაინის მდინარე
German Brandywein
Gujarati બ્રાન્ડીવોન
Hebrew ברנדיוויין
Hindi ब्रैंडीवाइन
Hungarian Borbuggyan
Indonesian Brendi anggur
Irish Gaelic Brandafíon
Italian Brandivino
Japanese ブランディワイン川
Kannada ಬ್ರಾಂಡಿವೈನ್
Kazakh Брэндивайн Өзен (Cyrillic) Bréndïvayn Özen (Latin)
Korean 브랜디와인
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Брэндивайн
Marathi ब्रँडीवाइन
Persian برندیواین
Polish Brandywina
Portuguese (Brazil) Brandevin
Punjabi ਬ੍ਰੈਂਡੀਵਾਇਨ
Russian Брендивайн
Scottish Gaelic Branndaidhfìon
Serbian Брендивајнска река (Cyrillic) Brendivajnska reka (Latin)
Sindhi برانڊي وائن
Sinhalese බ්රැන්ඩිනින්
Spanish Brandivino
Swedish Vinfloden
Tajik Cyrillic Брендивайн
Telugu బ్రాండివైన్
Thai บรั่นดีอนุรักษ์ ?
Turkish Brendibadesi
Urdu برانڈی وائن
Welsh Brandigwin
Yiddish בראַנדיווינע


  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Regional Maps, "The Shire"
  2. The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book One, Ch. I: "A Long-expected Party"
  3. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Map of Arda in the First Age
  4. The Lord of the Rings, Appendix F, "On Translation"