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This article refers to Tolkien's essay on Beowulf. For other namesakes, see Beowulf (disambiguation).

Beowulf: The Monsters and the Critics is an important lecture by J.R.R. Tolkien on the subject of Beowulf criticism, given by Tolkien as the Sir Israel Gollancz Memorial Lecture to the British Academy in November 1936. It was published later in 1983 in The Monsters and the Critics.

This paper is widely regarded as a formative work in early 20th century Beowulf studies; considered by some to be responsible for the poem Beowulf's prominence today. Tolkien speaks against critics who disfavor the fantastical elements of the poem (Grendel, Grendel's mother, the dragon, etc.) in favor of using Beowulf solely as a source for Anglo-Saxon history. Tolkien argues that rather than being merely extraneous, these elements are key to the narrative and should be the focus of study.

See also Edit

Translations around the worldEdit

Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Beowulf: Die Monsters en die kritici
Albanian Beowulf: Përbindësha dhe kritikët
Amharic በኦዉልፍ: ጭራቆች እና ተቺዎች
Arabic بيولف: الوحوش والنقاد
Armenian Բեովուլֆ: Տեսիլքներ եւ քննադատներ
Azerbaijani Beovulf: Canavarlar və tənqidçilər
Basque Beowulf: Munstroak eta kritikoak
Belarusian Cyrillic Беавульф: Монстры і крытыкі
Bengali বেউলফ: দানব এবং সমালোচকদের
Bosnian Beowulf: Čudovišta i kritičari
Bulgarian Cyrillic Беоулф: Чудовищата и критиците
Catalan Beowulf: Els Monstres i els crítics
Chinese 貝奧武夫: 怪物和评论家
Croatian Beowulf: Čudovišta i kritičari
Czech Beowulf: Monstra a kritici
Danish Beovulf: Monstrene og Kritikerne
Dutch Beowulf: De Monstertje en critici
Estonian Beowulf: Koletised ja kriitikud
Finnish Beowulf: Hirviöt ja kriitikot
French Beowulf: Les Monstres et les Critiques
Galician Beowulf: Os Monstros e os críticos
Georgian ბეოვულფი: ურჩხულები და კრიტიკოსები
German Beowulf: Die Ungeheuer und ihre Kritiker
Greek Μπέογουλφ: Τα τέρατα και τους κριτικούς
Gujarati બેઓવુલ્ફ: રાક્ષસો અને વિવેચકો
Haitian Creole Beowulf: Terifye yo ak tout moun kap kritike
Hebrew ביאוולף: מפלצות ומבקרים
Hindi बियोवुल्फ़: राक्षस और आलोचक
Hungarian Beowulf: A szörnyek és a kritikusok
Icelandic Bjólfskviða: Skrímsli og gagnrýnendur
Indonesian Beowulf: Monsters dan kritikus
Irish Gaelic Béowulf: An Arrachtaigh agus na Criticeoirí
Italian Beowulf: I Mostri e i critici
Japanese ベーオウルフ: モンスターと批評家
Kannada ಬಿಯೋವುಲ್ಫ್: ರಾಕ್ಷಸರ ಮತ್ತು ವಿಮರ್ಶಕರು
Kazakh Құбыжықтар мен сыншылар (Cyrillic) Qubıjıqtar men sınşılar (Latin)
Korean 베오울프: 괴물과 비평가들
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Бэовулф: Жаныбарларын жана сынчылар
Latin Beowulfus: Monstra et criticis
Latvian Beovulfs: Monstriem un kritiķi
Lithuanian Beovulfas: Monstrai ir kritikai
Macedonian Cyrillic Беовулф: Чудовиштата и критичарите
Malaysian Beowulf: Raksasa tersebut dan pengkritik-pengkritik
Maltese Beowulf: Il-Mostri u l-kritiċi
Marathi बियोवुल्फ़: राक्षस आणि समीक्षक
Nepalese बेओवुल्फ़: राक्षसहरू र आलोचकहरू
Norwegian Beowulf: Monstre og kritikerne
Persian بیوولف: هیولا و منتقدان
Polish Beowulf: Potwory i krytycy
Portuguese Beowulf: Os Monstros e os críticos
Punjabi ਬੀਉਲਫਾਲ: ਦਿ ਮੋਨੇਸਟਰ ਐਂਡ ਦਿ ਕ੍ਰਿਟੀਕਸ
Romanian Beowulf: Monstrii și criticii
Russian Беовульф: Монстры и критики
Serbian Беовулф: Чудовишта и критичари (Cyrillic) Čudovišta i kritičari (Latin)
Scottish Gaelic Beowulf: Na h-Uilebheistean agus na Luchd-càineadh
Sinhalese බෙයොල්ෆ්: යක්ෂයෝ සහ විවේචකයන්
Slovak Beowulf: Monštrá a kritici
Slovenian Beowulf: Pošasti in kritiki
Spanish Beowulf: Los Monstruos y los críticos
Swedish Beowulf: Monstren och kritikerna
Tamil பெஒ௰உல்பு: அரக்கர்களும், விமரிசகர்கள் ?
Telugu బేవుల్ఫ్: మాన్స్టర్స్ మరియు విమర్శకులు
Thai เบวูล์ฟ สัตว์ประหลาดและนักวิจารณ์
Turkish Beowulf: Canavarlar ve eleştirmenler
Ukrainian Cyrillic Беовульф: Монстри і критики
Vietnamese Beowulf: Quái vật và các nhà phê bình
Welsh Beowulf: Y Bwystfilod a'r Beirniaid
Urdu بیولفول: راکشسوں اور ناقدین
Uzbek Беовулф: Ҳайвонлар ва танқидчилар (Cyrillic) Beovulf: Hayvonlar va tanqidchilar (Latin)
Yiddish בעאָווולף: די מאָנסטערס און די קריטיקס
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