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The Battle of the Camp was a battle between Gondor and the Wainriders.

History

Background

The Wainriders were beginning to recover from their defeat at Dagorlad and were apparently not completely driven out by the rebellion in Rhovanion, and now in TA 1944 they made an alliance with Khand and Harad to attack Gondor from both north and south. The new Lord of the Éothéod, Forthwini discovered that a new attack was being planned and warned King Ondoher of it. Meanwhile, Eärnil, commanding the southern army based at Pelargir received news of the impending invasion on the ninth day of Cermië and prepared a force that crossed the river Anduin, leaving the Fords of the Poros purposely undefended.[1]

Prelude

The northern assault of the Wainriders was met by the King of Gondor himself, Ondoher, with his two sons Artamir and Faramir, the latter in secret and against the law. The Easterlings swept through Gondor's defence, cutting down the King and his heirs and routing his army. Thanks to a last stand by the rear-guard commanded by Minohtar, the left wing led by Adrahil was able to escape southwards. While the Wainriders attacked Ithilien from the north, the armies of the Haradrim crossed the Poros and invaded Southern Ithilien. Gondor's Captain Eärnil had led the smaller Southern Army to victory over the Haradrim. After his victory, Eärnil turned north.[1]

The Battle

Believing their victory complete, and Gondor defenceless before them and apparently unaware of the defeat of their allies in the south, the Wainriders paused in North Ithilien to celebrate their conquest. The feasting Wainriders suddenly found their success reversed, as Eärnil appeared with his Southern Army, reinforced by fleeing soldiers of Ondoher's defeated northern army. Eärnil's army descended on the unprepared Wainriders, driving many of them into the swamplands of the Dead Marshes. That eastern people, for so long a dreaded enemy of Gondor, were utterly destroyed. The battle was named after where it had taken place: the Battle of the Camp.[1][2][3]

Aftermath

Because there was no heir apparent to the throne, Ondoher and his sons having been killed in the battle, Eärnil was made King a year later. He was a distant relative of Ondoher, and was a member of a junior branch of the House of Anárion.[1]

Eärnil's victory is counted as one of the biggest military successes in the history of Gondor. With a numerically inferior army than the one that went north, Eärnil was able to totally rout the entire allied armies of Harad and Khand, a feat that would not be duplicated until the end of the Third Age at the Battle of the Pelennor Fields.

Translations around the world

Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Slag van die Kamp
Arabic معركة المخيم
Armenian Ճամբար ճակատամարտ
Azerbaijani Düşərgə döyüşü
Basque Kanpamentuko gudua
Belarusian Cyrillic Бітва на лагер
Bosnian Bitka kod Kamp
Bulgarian Cyrillic Битката при лагера
Catalan Batalla del Campament
Cebuano Gubat sa Kampo
Chinese (Hong Kong) 營地之戰
Corsican Battaglia di u Campu
Croatian Bitka na Kampa
Czech Bitva na Tábora
Danish Slaget ved Lejr
Dutch Slag aan de Legerplaats
Esperanto Batalo ĉe la Kampo
Estonian Laagri'i lahing
Filipino Labanan ng Kampo
Finnish Leirin taistelu
French Bataille de la Campement
Frisian Slach oan de Kamp
Galician Batalla do Campamento
Georgian ბრძოლა ბანაკთან
German Schlacht des Lagers
Greek Μάχη του Κατασκήνωση
Gujarati કેમ્પનું યુદ્ધ
Hebrew הקרב על המחנה
Hindi शिविर की लड़ाई
Hungarian A tábor csata
Icelandic Orrustan við Tjaldbúðir
Indonesian Pertempuran Perkemahan
Irish Gaelic Cath an Campa
Italian Battaglia della Campo
Japanese キャンプの戦い
Kannada ಕ್ಯಾಂಪ್ ಕದನ
Kazakh Лагерьдегі шайқас (Cyrillic) Lagerdegi şayqas (Latin)
Korean 캠프 전투
Kyrgyz Cyrillic согуш лагерь ?
Laotian ສະຫນາມການຕໍ່ສູ້ ?
Latin Proelium apud Castra
Latvian Kauja pie Nometne
Lithuanian Mūšio iš stovykla
Luxembourgish Schluecht vun der Lager
Macedonian Cyrillic Битка кај логор
Malaysian Pertempuran Kem
Marathi छावणी लढाई
Mongolian Cyrillic Кемпийн тулалдаан
Nepalese क्याम्प युद्ध
Norwegian Slaget ved Leir
Pashto د جګړې جګړه کمپ
Persian نبرد از اردوگاه
Polish Bitwa o Obóz
Portuguese Batalha do Acampamento
Punjabi ਕੈਂਪ ਲੜਾਈ
Romanian Bătălia de pe Tabără
Russian Битва в Лагере
Scottish Gaelic Blàr an Campa
Serbian Битка на Табор (Cyrillic) Bitka na Tabor (Latin)
Sinhalese කඳවුරේ සටන
Slovak Bitka na Tábor
Slovenian Bitka na Taborišče
Somalian Dagaalkii ee Xerada
Spanish Batalla del Campamento
Swahili Vita ya Kambi
Swedish Slaget vid Läger
Tajik Cyrillic Лагер мубориза
Tamil முகாம் சண்டை
Telugu క్యాంప్ యుద్ధం
Thai การรบที่ค่าย
Turkish Kampı Muharebesi
Ukrainian Cyrillic Битва на Табір
Urdu جنگ کی کیمپ
Uzbek Лагердаги жанг (Cyrillic) Lagerdagi jang (Latin)
Vietnamese Trận trại
Welsh Brwydr y Gwersyll
Xhosa Imfazwe ye Inkampu
Yiddish שלאַכט פון דעם לאַגער

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 Unfinished Tales, Introduction, Part Three, II: "Cirion and Eorl and the Friendship of Gondor and Rohan"
  2. The Lord of the Rings, Appendix B: The Tale of Years (Chronology of the Westlands), "The Third Age"
  3. The Atlas of Middle-earth, The Third Age, "Wainriders and Angmar"
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