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"In a hole in the ground there lived a Hobbit. Not a nasty, dirty, wet hole, filled with the ends of worms and an oozy smell, nor yet a dry, bare, sandy hole with nothing in it to sit down on or to eat: it was a Hobbit-hole, and that means comfort."
Opening sentence of The Hobbit, "An Unexpected Party"

Bag End was a smial (Hobbit-hole) situated at the end of Bagshot Row in Hobbiton. It was the home of Bilbo Baggins, afterwards of Frodo Baggins, and later of Samwise Gamgee and his wife Rosie Cotton.


A floor plan of Bag End

Bilbo Baggins inherited the home from his parents, Bungo and Belladonna (Took) Baggins. It was Bungo who built the smial for Belladonna around the year TA 2889. The hobbit hole was noted to have a green door with a round brass knob, all but countless rooms with round windows, and a garden. Although hobbits were of small stature, larger visitors were commonly seen. The grounds and home were kept by the Gamgee family, most notably Hamfast ("The Gaffer") and later his son, Samwise.

The beautiful hole was a point of contention between Bilbo and his relatives the Sackville-Bagginses, who very much desired to own it. Here, Bilbo lived a quiet existence until the wizard Gandalf appeared with thirteen Dwarves at the beginning of The Hobbit, and Bilbo went off on his first adventure. Upon his return long later, he discovered his possessions being auctioned off, since the local population had assumed he had died. The Sackville-Bagginses, spearheading the auction, were disappointed at his return.

Bag End's green front door (still accessible today in Matamata, New Zealand), from Peter Jackson's films

By the beginning of The Lord of the Rings, Bilbo adopted his cousin (and nephew) Frodo as his heir. Frodo became the Master of Bag End on their mutual birthday, when Frodo turned 33 and Bilbo turned 111. Bilbo left to live with the Elves at Rivendell. Frodo remained content at Bag End until Gandalf returned and confirmed that Bilbo's ring was actually the One Ring. Preparations for departure ensued, with Frodo selling Bag End to the Sackville-Bagginses and moving to Crickhollow before departing on the Quest of the Ring.

The gate of Bag End during the week of Bilbo's 111th birthday

Upon their return, during the Scouring of the Shire, Frodo and company discovered that Lotho Sackville-Baggins had made Bag End his power base as he became Chief of the Shire. He succeeded only too well and lost control of the entire enterprise; after Saruman arrived, Gríma Wormtongue killed Lotho in his sleep. Frodo and his companions would later see Saruman killed on his front porch, thus ending the Battle of Bywater. Afterwards, Lobelia Sackville-Baggins ceded Bag End back to Frodo.


Frodo then resumed living in Bag End and was joined by Sam, upon his marriage to Rosie. However, with wounds too deep to heal, in TA 3021 Frodo named Sam his heir and left to cross the sea into the Uttermost West. Bag End remained in the Gamgee family (later known as the Gardners) for at least three generations afterward.


The name Bag End name came from the real-life farmhouse in the tiny Worcestershire village of Dormston, in which J.R.R. Tolkien's Aunt Jane lived.[1] It can also be seen as a pun on "cul-de-sac" (literally, "bottom of the bag"). In the books, it is said to be a translation of the Westron Labin-nec, which has much the same meaning, and bears the same relationship to the Westron form of Baggins: Labingi.



Foreign Language Translated name
Afrikaans Sak Einde
Albanian Fundi Qese
Amharic ቦርሳ መጨረሻ
Arabic حقيبة النهاية
Armenian պայուսակ վերջը
Azerbaijani Torba Son ?
Belarusian Cyrillic сумка канец
Bosnian Torba Kraj
Bulgarian Cyrillic Торбодън
Burmese ဘက်ဂ်အန်းဒ်
Cambodian កាបូបបញ្ចប់
Catalan Atzusac
Chinese (Hong Kong) 袋底洞
Cornish Diwedh Sagh ?
Croatian Vrećasti vijenac
Czech Dno Pytle
Danish Sækkedyb
Dutch Balingshoek
Esperanto Sako Fino
Estonian Kott Lõpp
Finnish Repunpää
French Cul-de-Sac
German Beutelsend
Haitian Creole Sak Fen
Hausa Jakar Karshen
Hebrew מעון-באג
Hindi बैग का अंत
Hungarian Zsákvég
Italian Casa Baggins
Irish Gaelic Deireadh Mála
Japanese バッグエンド
Javanese Tas Mburi
Kannada ಚೀಲ ಕೊನೆಯಲ್ಲಿ
Kazakh Сөмке соңы (Cyrillic) Sömke soñı (Latin)
Korean 백 엔드
Kurdish Dawiya Tûr ? (Kurmanji)
Kyrgyz Cyrillic аягы сумка
Latin Bag-Finis
Lithuanian Begendas
Malaysian Beg Akhir
Maltese Tmiem Borża
Marathi बॅग समाप्त
Nepalese झोला अन्त्य
Norwegian Sekkershus / Lommekroken
Occitan Saca Acabar
Pashto کڅوړه پای ?
Persian پایان کیسه
Polish Pagórek
Portuguese Bolsão (Brazil) Fundo do Saco (Portugal)
Romanian Sfârşitul de Sac
Russian Бэг Энд
Scottish Gaelic Deireadh Poca
Serbian Багремовој улици (Cyrillic) Bagremovoj Ulici (Latin)
Sindhi بيگ آخر
Sinhalese බෑග් අවසානය
Slovak Koniec Lazov (Krupa tr.) Vreckany (Kořínek tr.)
Slovenian Mošnjičkov kot
Somalian Bacda Dhamaadka
Spanish (Spain and Latin America) Bolsón Cerrado
Swahili Mwisho wa Mfuko
Swedish Baggershus (Old) Säcks ände (New)
Tajik Cyrillic Баг Енд
Tamil பேக் முடிவு
Telugu బ్యాగ్ ముగింపు
Thai ปลายถุง
Turkish Çıkın Çıkmazı
Turkmen Bukja Ahyr ?
Ukrainian Cyrillic сумка кінець
Urdu بیگ اختتام
Uzbek Баг Энд (Cyrillic) Xalta Oxiri (Latin)
Vietnamese Đáy Bao
Volapük Trök Fin
Welsh Diwedd Bag
Yiddish באַג סוף


  1. J.R.R. Tolkien: A Biography, "Northern venture", pg. 113

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