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Arthedain was one of three Edain realms born in the schism of Arnor, in the Third Age.

History

Arthedain's capital

Fornost, Arthedain's capital city

During the reign of King Eärendur of Arnor, his sons were in an open discord that erupted into civil war after Eärendur's death in TA 861. Amlaith, true heir to the throne of Arnor, was opposed by his two brothers. Unable to resolve the situation, he was reduced to ruling the region of Arthedain, which consisted approximately of the lands west of the Brandywine River and north of the Great East Road. (His brothers created the kingdoms of Cardolan and Rhudaur to the south.)

The kingdom's capital was at Fornost, and Bree was one of its most important towns. Annúminas was in the territory of Arthedain, but mostly abandoned and falling into ruin.

In TA 1300 the kingdom of Angmar appeared at Arthedain's north-eastern border. Its King was the chief of the Ringwraiths, although this was not known to the Dúnedain. When this new threat came Cardolan placed itself under the suzerainty of Arthedain, which then began to call itself Arnor again. Cardolan repeatedly sent aid to Arthedain when needed but by TA 1409 Cardolan and Rhudaur were conquered by Angmar.

Arthedain kept up the resistance against Angmar for over 500 years but in TA 1974 Arthedain was overrun and Fornost fell into the hands of Angmar. It fell just one year too soon for help was underway from Gondor under the lead of Eärnur. This army reached Arthedain in TA 1975 and destroyed Angmar at the Battle of Fornost.

Its last king, Arvedui, drowned just before the battle was fought. The kings of Arthedain were also the lords of the Shire, and the Shire would later choose the Thain to replace the kings.

The son of Arvedui, Aranarth, decided not to rebuild the kingdom, and so became the first Chieftain of the Dúnedain. From him Aragorn was descended.

People

The Arthedain (Sindarin for Edain of the Realm) were the Dúnedain of the old Kingdom of Arthedain.They were the purest-blooded descendants of the Númenóreans among the Dúnedain of Arnor. Arthedain also came to an end and its lands remained mostly empty (except for the Shire) and its people became Rangers. Rangers of the North, or simply the Rangers, were the northern wandering people of Eriador, the last remnant of the Dúnedain of Arnor.

Etymology

Arthedain is a Sindarin word meaning 'Realm of the Edain'.

See also

Translations

Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic ዓርትሀዳኢን
Arabic أرثيداين
Armenian Արթէդայն
Belarusian Cyrillic Артедайн
Bengali আর্থেদ্ঐন
Bulgarian Cyrillic Артедаин
Chinese 阿塞丹
Georgian ართჰედაინ
Greek Αρθεδαιν
Gujarati આર્થેદ્ઐન
Hebrew ארתהידאין
Hindi आर्थेद्ऐन
Japanese アルセダイン
Kannada ಆರ್ಥೆಡೆನ್
Kazakh Артедаін (Cyrillic) Artedain (Latin)
Korean 아르세다인
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Артэдаин
Macedonian Cyrillic Артедаин
Marathi आर्टहेडेन
Mongolian Cyrillic Артедаин
Nepalese आर्थेद्ऐन
Russian Артэдайн
Persian آرت‌اداین
Sanskrit आर्थेद्ऐन्
Serbian Артедаин (Cyrillic) Artedain (Latin)
Sinhalese ආර්ථෙද්ඓන්
Tajik Cyrillic Артедаин
Tamil ஆர்த்ஹெத்ஐந்
Telugu ఆర్థెదైన
Thai อาร์เธเดน
Ukrainian Cyrillic Артедайн
Urdu ارٹہیداان
Uzbek Артедаин (Cyrillic) Artedain (Latin)
Yiddish אַרטהעדאַין


References

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