After an education at Lancaster University, Andy Serkis was highly involved in theater, and began acting on screen in 1989.
In 2001, he provided the voice of the Witch-king of Angmar in The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring, and acted the roles of Mauhúr, Snaga, and most significantly Gollum / Sméagol in the rest of Peter Jackson's The Lord of the Rings trilogy. For Jackson's The Hobbit trilogy (2012 - 2014), he portrayed Gollum again and was also second unit director.
Serkis is otherwise known for portraying the ape Caesar in the newest Planet of the Apes film series, beginning 2011, with performance-capture acting. He stars in Star Wars: The Force Awakens (2015) and Star Wars: The Last Jedi (2017) as Supreme Leader Snoke, and plays Ulysses Klaue in the Marvel Cinematic Universe films Avengers: Age of Ultron (2015) and Black Panther (2018).
In 2018, he directed the Netflix film Mowgli: Legend of the Jungle.
Character of Gollum
Serkis' acclaimed work as Gollum in The Lord of the Rings films - a job initially presented as a three-week voice acting commitment, barely appealing to him until he read the trilogy - became unprecedented in cinema, and raised the standards of performance-capture acting. He wrote of his experiences in the book Gollum: How We Made Movie Magic (2003) as well his afterword to Gary Russell's The Art of The Two Towers.
Serkis is requested frequently to recreate his Gollum-voice when appearing on talk-shows. As a guest of The Late Late Show with James Corden in November 2018, he taught how to "do a perfect Gollum".
- (The Lord of the Rings film trilogy, Special Extended Edition appendices) Part Three: The Journey Continues, "The Taming of Sméagol", 0:04:50