Ancalagon, also known as Ancalagon the Black, was the greatest of all winged dragons. He was bred by Morgoth during the First Age and was the largest dragon to have ever existed in Middle-earth. His appearance in history was restricted to the War of Wrath.

Biography Edit


Arrival of Eärendil and birds by Manuel Castañón

After Eärendil made his journey to Valinor to convince the Valar to overthrow Morgoth and rescue the overmatched and defeated Elves and Edain, The Host of Valinor made war upon Morgoth and destroyed his armies.

Facing final defeat, Morgoth unleashed his last and greatest weapon; a fleet of winged fire drakes, led by Ancalagon. So terrible was their onslaught that the armies of the Valar were driven back from the gates of Angband, and their coming was said to have been accompanied by a tempest of fire and lightning.

But Eärendil came out of the West in his blessed ship Vingilot, accompanied by "a myriad" of the Eagles of Manwë led by Thorondor. The Eagles and Eärendil dueled with Ancalagon and the other Dragons for an entire day. Eventually, Eärendil was victorious, casting Ancalagon down upon Thangorodrim and destroying the volcanic mountains in his fall. The death of Ancalagon marked the end of Morgoth's final resistance.[2]

Later mentions Edit

Gandalf spoke of him as he told Frodo the true origin of his Ring. "It has been said that dragon-fire could melt and consume the Rings of Power, but there is not now any dragon left on earth in which the old fire is hot enough; nor was there ever any dragon, not even Ancalagon the Black, who could have harmed the One Ring, the Ruling Ring, for that was made by Sauron himself."[3]

Etymology Edit

The name Ancalagon is Sindarin, meaning "Rushing Jaws" from anca ("jaws") and the root alak- ("rushing").[4]

Other names Edit

The Middle English translation for Ancalagon is Andracca, from and- ("opposition"), anda ("hatred, envy"), and draca ("dragon").[5]

Character Edit


Ancalagon by Çağlayan Kaya Göksoy

Ancalagon's size is not specified, but must have been colossal due to the destruction of "the towers of Thangorodrim" when he fell on them, which are elsewhere identified with the three smoking peaks of those mountains.[6] However, his size cannot be assumed to be larger than Thangorodrim; some powerful but small creatures are able to cause great destruction even in death, such as Durin's Bane breaking the slopes of Celebdil.

Like all other Urulóki, Ancalagon breathed fire, which was implied to be hotter than any other dragon's flame.[7]

Trivia Edit

  • In 1977, an extinct genus of worms found in the The Walcott Quarry on Fossil Ridge in 1911 dating from the Middle Cambrian Era from the Cambrian Burgess Shale was named Ancalagon, inspired by Tolkien's dragon.[8]

Gallery Edit

Jenny Dolfen - Ancalagon
The face of Ancalagon, by Jenny Dolfen at
Ancalagon of Angband by book illustrator
Ancalagon of Angband by Book-illustrator
Ancalagon the black by brokenmachine86-d45n2qt
Ancalagon flying by BrokenMachine86
The Dark Shadow by felipe elias
The dark shadow by Felipe-elias
Ancalagon v2 copy
The great one by drZ73
Greatest creation of Morgoth by Deagol
Crawling over a ruin by deagol
Ancalagon the black by skyrace-d7hemcm
The devils by Skyrace
Ancalagon attacks the vingilot by belegilgalad-d319r54
Ancalagon and the flying ship by Belegilgalad
Ancalagon towering over mountains
Ancalagon the black silmarillion by anatofinnstark-d9x1yuu
Rise of ancalagon by ithronluin-d8llsex
Rise of Ancalagon by IthronLuin

Translations around the world Edit

Foreign Language Translated name
Albanian Ankalagon
Amharic ዓንቻላጎን
Arabic أنكالاجون
Armenian Անկալագոն
Belarusian Cyrillic Анцалагон
Bengali আন্চালাগন
Bulgarian Cyrillic Анkалагон
Catalan Ancàlagon
Chinese (Hong Kong) 安卡拉剛
Czech Ankalagon
Danish Ankalagon
Georgian ანკალაგონი
Greek Ανκάλαγκον
Gujarati આન્ચલગોન
Hebrew אנקלגון
Hindi आन्चलगोन
Japanese アンカラゴン
Kannada ಆನ್ಚಲಗೊನ
Kazakh Анцалагон (Cyrillic) Ancallone (Latin)
Korean 앙칼라곤
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Анцалагон
Laotian ະນຈະຣະກນ ?
Macedonian Cyrillic Анцалагон
Marathi आञ्चलगोन
Mongolian Cyrillic Анцалагон ?
Norwegian Ankalagon
Pashto آنچالاګون ?
Persian آنکالاگون
Polish Ankalagon
Punjabi ਆਨ੍ਕਲਗੋਨ
Russian Анкалагон
Sanskrit आन्चलगोन्
Serbian Анkалагон (Cyrillic) Ankalagon (Latin)
Sinhalese ආන්චලගොන්
Spanish Ancagolón
Tajik Cyrillic Анчалагон
Tamil ஆந்சலகொந்
Telugu ఆన్చలగొన
Thai อังคาลากอน
Turkish Ancalagon
Ukrainian Cyrillic Анкалаґон
Urdu انکالگون
Uzbek Анчалагон (Cyrillic) Ancalagon (Latin)
Yiddish אַנקאַלאַגאָן

References Edit

  1. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. XI: The War of the Jewels, Part Three, chapter V. The Tale of Years
  2. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XXIV: "Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  3. The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book One, Chapter II: "The Shadow of the Past"
  4. The Silmarillion, Appendix: Elements in Quenya and Sindarin names
  5. The History of Middle-earth, Vol. IV: The Shaping of Middle-earth, III: "The Quenta", Appendix 1: Translation of Quenta Noldorinwa into Old English
  6. The Silmarillion, Quenta Silmarillion, Chapter XXIV: "Of the Voyage of Eärendil and the War of Wrath"
  7. The Lord of the Rings, The Fellowship of the Ring, Book One, Chapter II: "The Shadow of the Past"