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Amon Anwar, originally Eilenaer, later Halifirien (Rohirric for The Holy Mountain), was the location of several great events in the history of Gondor, and was originally considered the centre of the realm. Amon Anwar stood up out of a great wood around its feet. The hill was long and sloping and the woods went almost to the summit.[1]

Until TA 2510 it was regarded as the centre of Gondor, as it was the high place nearest to the center of a line from the inflow of the Limlight down to the southern cape of Tolfalas and the distance to it was equal from the Fords of Isen and Minas Tirith.[2]


Tomb of Elendil

After the War of the Last Alliance, Isildur defined the bounds of Gondor and, upon discovering that this was the centre of Gondor, he entombed his father Elendil here and it was at this time that the hill's name became Amon Anwar, as Isildur had called the protection of the Valar upon that hilltop, and they had granted it. Isildur swore all those present to secrecy and forbade anyone save an Heir of Elendil from disturbing it. The tomb then stayed untouched by any save the Kings of Gondor and later, their Stewards.

Oath of Eorl

In the time of the twelfth Ruling Steward, Cirion, Gondor was faced with a massive invasion of a land they could not protect, Calenardhon which had been depopulated since the Great Plague of 1636. Cirion called upon the aid of the Éothéod and in return for their aid, he surrendered Calenardhon to them, until the Great King should return. Although by this time the lives of eleven Stewards had passed before him, no one in Gondor ever expected that the King would return.[2]

Cirion took Eorl, the Lord of the Éothéod to the hallowed site of Amon Anwar and there before the Tomb of Elendil they swore what would be in later days known as the Oath of Eorl, giving Calenardhon to the Éothéod, and promising eternal friendship between the two kingdoms. As Amon Anwar was no longer the centre of Gondor, but now on its border, Cirion removed the casket that Isildur had set upon the hill two thousand years earlier to Rath Dínen, the Silent Street, where all other Kings of Gondor were entombed.

Warning beacon

Amon Anwar then became the seventh and last of the Warning beacons of Gondor which summoned Rohan in the event of an invasion of Gondor. It stood overlooking the Firien Wood which was just outside the border of Rohan near the Mering Stream. A chain of Warning Beacons was established along the line of the White Mountains to warn Minas Tirith of danger in Calenardhon, and vice-versa. Later this was used to warn Anorien of danger to Gondor and Rohan also. The westernmost and last beacon to be built was situated upon Amon Anwar, and was only created after the Tomb of Elendil was removed to Rath Dínen, as no Lord of Gondor had permitted the construction of a beacon while Elendil still remained there.

Even after Elendil was removed to Minas Tirith, the Beacon Wardens would live close to the summit only for short watches in specially constructed cabins. Except when there was a noise of animals in the forest, or of folk along the road, they would find themselves speaking to their companions in whispers, as if they expected a great voice from long ago to speak. The mound of Elendil's Tomb remained upon the top of the hill from the time that Isildur hallowed it until the Changing of the World, always in a well-kept, green field.[2]


Amon Anwar is Sindarin for 'Hill of Awe'.

See also


Foreign Language Translated name
Amharic አሞን አኑዋ
Arabic أمون أنور
Armenian Ամոն Անվար
Belarusian Cyrillic Амон Анвар
Bengali আমন আনোয়ার
Bulgarian Cyrillic Амон Анвар
Burmese မုန်အန်နဝါ
Chinese 阿蒙安瓦尔 (Amon Anwar)

哈力費理安 (Halifirien)

Danish Amon Anwar ("Ærefrygtens Bjerg")
Greek Αμον Ανυαρ
Gujarati અમોન અનવર
Hebrew אמון אנואר
Hindi आमोन अनवर
Japanese アモン・アンワル
Kannada ಅಮನ್ ಅನ್ವರ್
Kazakh Амон Анвар (Cyrillic) Amon Anvar (Latin)
Korean 아몬 안와르
Kyrgyz Cyrillic Амон Анвар
Macedonian Cyrillic Амон Анвар
Marathi आमोन अन्वर
Mongolian Cyrillic Амон Анвар
Nepalese अमोन अनवर
Persian انور آمون
Punjabi ਆਮੋਨ ਅਨਵਰ
Russian Амон Анвар (Amon Anwar)

Халифириен (Halifirien)

Serbian Амон Анвар (Cyrillic) Amon Anvar (Latin)
Sindhi امون انور
Sinhalese අම්න් අර්වින්
Tajik Cyrillic Амон Анвар
Tamil அமோன் அன்வர்
Telugu అమోన్ అన్వర్
Ukrainian Cyrillic Амон Анвар
Urdu امون انور
Uzbek Амон Анвар (Cyrillic) Amon Anvar (Latin)
Yiddish ײַמאָן ײַנװאַר
Warning beacons of Gondor
Amon Dîn | Eilenach | Nardol | Erelas | Min-Rimmon | Calenhad | Amon Anwar (Halifirien)


  1. The Atlas of Middle-earth, Regional Maps, "The White Mountains"
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 Unfinished Tales