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Adûnaic (that is, "Language of the west") is an extinct language of Men, spoken only by the Númenóreans during the Second Age.


Adûnaic derived from the related Bëorian and Hadorian tongues, collectively called Taliska of the Atani. During the Second Age, a Bëorian accent still survived in parts of Númenor, most notably in Emerië and around the harbour of Andúnië. Most of the House of Bëor had been killed after the Dagor Bragollach, and therefore the accent of the House of Hador had become most prevalent.

Adûnaic seems not to have been influenced by the language of the Second House of Men, the Haladin tongue, at all: when the Númenóreans returned to Middle-earth in the Second Age, they did not recognise the peoples of Enedwaith and Minhiriath as their distant kin, because these spoke Haladin languages.[citation needed]

Black Adûnaic in the Third Age

The Westron or Common Speech, widely spoken in Middle-earth during the Third Age, was largely derived from Adûnaic. The Black Númenóreans of Umbar and other Númenórean colonies spoke a related tongue during the Third Age called Black Adûnaic, which was closer to the old tongue as it was not enriched with Elvish influences.[citation needed]

Translations - Adûnaic to English

  • ar - royal
  • nimir - elf
  • zimra - jewel
  • phel - daughter
  • azru - sea
  • aglaril - brilliant
  • dolgu - black
  • zagar - sword
  • Îr - one
  • arnu - king
  • gimil - star
  • minil - sky
  • Ûrî - sun
  • nilû - moon
  • zadna - house
  • zîr - friend
  • thon - gatherer
  • khôr - lord
  • sapthan - wizard
  • balak - ship
  • Zôr - flame
  • pharaz - gold
  • adun - west


Foreign Language Translated name
Azerbaijani آدونائیک (Southern)
Belarusian Cyrillic Адунаік
Bulgarian Cyrillic Адунаик
Chinese 阿登奈克語
Dutch Adûnaïsch
Esperanto Aduna lingvo
French Adûnaïque
Georgian ადუნაიკი
German Adûnaïsch
Hebrew אדונאית
Italian Adûnaico
Japanese アドゥーナイク
Korean 아두나익
Latin Lingua Adûnaica
Lombard Lengua adûnaica
Norwegian Adûnaisk
Persian آدونائیک
Polish Język adûnaicki
Portuguese Adûnaico
Russian Адунаик
Slovenian Adunajščina
Spanish Adunaico
Swedish Adûnaiska
Thai อดูนาอิค
Ukrainian Cyrillic Адунаік